Alabama judicial elections
Candidates for judge or justice who wish to run on a party ticket must qualify to run in an open primary by obtaining the legally required number of signatures to get on the ballot. The primary for all political parties is the held on the second Tuesday in June of the election year. Candidates can only qualify for one party. The winners from each party proceed to a general election in November. If no candidate in a race wins more than 50% of the vote, a runoff determines who will advance to the general election. The top two primary placers advance to the runoff. If a candidate qualifies on a party ticket and is unopposed, their name is not placed on the primary ticket, but instead is placed automatically on the general election ballot. Political parties can make rules restricting who participates in primaries, and participants can only vote in a single party's primary.
Alabama general elections are held on the first Tuesday in November of every even-numbered year. If a victory margin is within one half of one percent, there will be an automatic recount unless the defeated candidate provides a waiver to the recount.
According to Alabama's Canon of Judicial Ethics, a candidate shall not:
- Make any promise of conduct in office other than to faithfully fulfill their duties.
- Announce in advance their conclusions or rulings.
- Knowingly misrepresent their identity, fabricate qualifications, or slander their opponents.
Alabama judges serve for the following term lengths:
|Supreme Court||Courts of Appeal||Circuit Court||District Court||Probate Court|
|Partisan elections - 6 year terms||Partisan elections - 6 year terms||Partisan elections - 6 year terms||Partisan elections - 6 year terms||Partisan elections - 6 year terms|
Statewide results are posted on the Secretary of State website.
- Alabama judicial elections, 2014
- Alabama judicial elections, 2012
- Alabama judicial elections, 2010
- Alabama Supreme Court elections, 2002-2010
- Judicial selection in Alabama
- Campaign finance requirements for Alabama judicial elections
- News: Alabama is top spender in judicial elections
- News: Supreme Weekly: The cost of running for a Supreme Court
- Alabama Unified Judicial System, "Appellate Courts," accessed April 28, 2014
- Alabama election code, "§17-14-6," accessed April 28, 2014
- Fairvote.org, "Congressional and Presidential Primaries: Open, Closed, Semi-Closed, and 'Top Two,'" accessed April 29, 2014
- Alabama Election Code, "§17-13-3," accessed April 29, 2014
- Alabama Elections Code, "§17-13-5(c)," accessed April 29, 2014.Scroll to Pg. 200
- Alabama Election Code, "§17-13-7," accessed April 29, 2014
- Alabama Election Code, "§17-16-20," accessed April 29, 2014
- American Judicature Society, "Judicial Campaigns and Elections: Alabama," archived October 2, 2014