Courts in Tennessee
Courts in Tennessee consist of the state court system and six federal courts.
The Tennessee state court system consists of appellate courts, trial courts of general jurisdiction and trial courts of limited jurisdiction.
The Court of Appeals is one of two intermediate appellate courts in the state. It hears civil case appeals from lower courts.
The Court of Criminal Appeals is the other intermediate appellate court in the state; it hears appeals on criminal cases.
The 95 counties in Tennessee are divided into 31 judicial districts.
The Chancery Courts are trial courts of general jurisdiction. They share jurisdiction with the Circuit Courts.
The Circuit Court has jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases. Circuit Courts hear criminal cases in districts that do not have separate Criminal Courts.
There are Criminal Courts in thirteen judicial districts in the state. These courts have jurisdiction over criminal matters.
Courts of limited jurisdiction
The General Sessions Courts have limited jurisdiction that varies by county.
The Juvenile Court has exclusive jurisdiction in cases involving minors.
The Municipal Court has jurisdiction over violations of city ordinances.
There are six federal courts in Tennessee:
- Eastern District of Tennessee
- Middle District of Tennessee
- Western District of Tennessee
- Eastern District of Tennessee Bankruptcy Court
- Middle District of Tennessee Bankruptcy Court
- Western District of Tennessee Bankruptcy Court
Appeals from these courts are heard in the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
- Judicial selection in Tennessee
- Tennessee judiciary and legislature struggle for power over the Court of Judiciary