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Courts in Texas

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More information on Texas's state courts:
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The Courts in Texas includes a state court system and eight federal courts.

The structure of Texas' state court system.

State courts

The Texas court system consists of the Supreme Court, the Court of Criminal Appeals, Courts of Appeal, District Courts, County Courts, County Courts at Law, Probate Courts, Justice of the Peace Courts and Municipal Courts.[1]

Appellate Courts

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Texas Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is one of two courts of last resort in the state. It handles appeals of civil and juvenile cases. [2]

Texas Court of Criminal Appeals

The Court of Criminal Appeals is the second of two courts of last resort. It handles appeals for criminal matters in the state. [3]

Organizational structure of the Texas court system

Texas Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals is the state's intermediate appellate court and it is composed of 14 different courts, or judicial districts. [4]


Trial Courts

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Texas District Courts

The District Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. There are over 450 District Courts in Texas and each county has at least one.[5]

Texas County Courts

There is one County Court in each of the 254 counties. These courts hear probate cases, class A and B misdemeanor criminal cases, and appeals from the Justice of the Peace and Municipal Courts if no County Courts at Law are present. The county judge is the administrative leader of the rest of the county government.

Texas County Courts at Law

There are 227 County Courts at Law in that state. These courts were created by the Legislature to aid the Constitutional County Courts. Their jurisdiction varies, but they usually hear appeals from the lower courts.[6]

Texas Statutory Probate Courts

In the counties where these courts are located, the Statutory Probate Courts take the place of the Constitutional County Court in probate matters, guardianship cases and mental health commitments.[7]

Texas Justice of the Peace Courts

There are 822 Justice of the Peace Courts in the state. These courts deal with the less serious minor criminal cases, minor civil matters and small claims.[8]

Texas Municipal Courts

There are 915 Municipal Courts in Texas which deal with violations of city ordinances and have the same jurisdiction as the justice of the peace courts in minor criminal cases. They do not have jurisdiction in most civil cases.[9]

Federal courts

There are 8 federal courts in Texas:

Appeals from these courts are heard in the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.

See also

External links

References

TexasUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of TexasUnited States District Court for the Western District of TexasUnited States District Court for the Northern District of TexasUnited States District Court for the Southern District of TexasUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of TexasUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of TexasUnited States bankruptcy court, Northern District of TexasUnited States bankruptcy court, Southern District of TexasUnited States Court of Appeals for the Fifth CircuitTexas Supreme CourtTexas Court of AppealsTexas Court of Criminal AppealsTexas District CourtsTexas County CourtsTexas County Courts at LawTexas Statutory Probate CourtsTexas Justice of the Peace CourtsTexas Municipal CourtsTexas countiesTexas judicial newsTexas judicial electionsJudicial selection in TexasTexasTemplate.jpg