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Courts in Wisconsin

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More information on Wisconsin's state courts:
Selection methods
Elections
Salaries
Judges by County
Federal courts

The Courts in Wisconsin consist of a state court system and four federal courts.

The structure of Wisconsin's state court system.

State courts

The Wisconsin court system is composed of a Supreme Court, a Court of Appeals, Circuit Courts and Municipal Courts.

Appellate Courts

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Wisconsin Supreme Court

The Supreme Court is the court of last resort in Wisconsin. It has discretionary appellate jurisdiction (it determines which appeals it will hear) and also has administrative authority over the rest of the courts.[1][2]

Portal:Intermediate appellate courts in the states

Wisconsin Court of Appeals

The Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court in Wisconsin. Unlike the Supreme Court, the Court of Appeals has mostly mandatory jurisdiction so it cannot pick which appeals it will or will not hear.[1][3]

Trial Courts

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Wisconsin Circuit Courts

The Circuit Courts are the trial courts of general jurisdiction. These courts are divided into branches. There is at least one branch serving every county, with 246 circuit judges in the state.[1][4] The state is divided into ten administrative districts, however, judges are elected on a county-by-county basis.

Wisconsin Municipal Courts

Many communities, by local option, have created a Municipal Court to handles non-criminal traffic and municipal ordinance matters.[1][5]


Wisconsin judicial districts

District Counties served
1st Judicial District Milwaukee
2nd Judicial District Kenosha, Racine and Walworth
3rd Judicial District Jefferson, Ozaukee, Washington and Waukesha
4th Judicial District Calumet, Fond du Lac, Manitowoc, Sheboygan and Winnebago
5th Judicial District Dane, Green, Lafayette and Rock
6th Judicial District Adams, Clark, Columbia, Dodge, Green Lake, Juneau, Marquette, Portage, Sauk, Waushara and Wood
7th Judicial District Buffalo, Crawford, Iowa, Grant, La Crosse, Jackson, Monroe, Pepin, Pierce, Richland, Trempealeau and Vernon
8th Judicial District Brown, Door, Kewaunee, Marinette, Oconto, Outagamie and Waupaca
9th Judicial District Florence, Forest, Iron, Langlade, Lincoln, Marathon, Menominee, Oneida, Price, Shawano, Taylor and Vilas
10th Judicial District Ashland, Barron, Bayfield, Burnett, Chippewa, Douglas, Dunn, Eau Claire, Polk, Rusk, Sawyer, St. Croix and Washburn

Federal courts

There are four federal courts in Wisconsin:

Appeals go to the United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit.

Restorative justice

Circle peacemaking

  • Oneida, Wisconsin: The Oneida Indian tribe uses a Peacemaking system which has an emphasis on reaching an agreement/settlement.[7]
"During a hearing in Tribal Court, hearing officers have the discretion to recess to allow parties an opportunity to settle their dispute through the Peacemaking system. If the parties agree, the hearing officers could stay the case up to forty-five days. Also, the clerk will inform parties filing a petition that the Peacemaking system is available. If the parties resolve their dispute in Peacemaking, they must inform the court. The court may then dismiss the case in lieu of the peacemaking agreement."[7]

See also

External links

References

WisconsinWisconsin Supreme CourtWisconsin Court of AppealsWisconsin Circuit CourtsWisconsin Municipal CourtsUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of WisconsinUnited States District Court for the Western District of WisconsinUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of WisconsinUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of WisconsinUnited States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitWisconsin countiesWisconsin judicial newsWisconsin judicial electionsJudicial selection in WisconsinWisconsinTemplate.jpg