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Federal judicial nominations by president

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Presidential nominations

This page has information about the number of judges appointed by each president, in addition to who he appointed to the Supreme Court of the United States.

Barack Obama

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With his second term in progress, the President of the United States is still appointing judges to serve on the federal courts. So far, he has nominated (and had confirmed) two justices of the Supreme Court of the United States: Sonia Sotomayor and Elena Kagan. For a full list of the president's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Barack Obama.

To track nominations by week since January 2011, see Judgepedia's Weekly Vacancy Count.

To see President Obama's nominations by year, visit the links below:

George W. Bush

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During his two terms in office, President George W. Bush made 328 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated three individuals to the Supreme Court, but only had two confirmed: Chief Justice John G. Roberts and Samuel Alito. Harriet Miers withdrew her nomination before the confirmation process began.

For a full list of the President Bush's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by George W. Bush. For archived information from The White House on his nominees, see: The White House President George W. Bush.

Bill Clinton

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During his two terms in office, President Bill Clinton made 379 judicial appointments.[1] Among those were two justices nominated (and confirmed) to the Supreme Court: Ruth Bader Ginsburg and Stephen Breyer.

For a full list of the President Clinton's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Bill Clinton.

George H.W. Bush

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During his term in office, President George H.W. Bush made 194 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated (and had confirmed) two justices of the Supreme Court: David Souter and Clarence Thomas.

For a full list of the President Bush's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by George H.W. Bush.

Ronald Reagan

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During his two terms in office, President Ronald Reagan made 384 judicial appointments.[1] Among those were five nominees (and four confirmations) to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice William H. Rehnquist, Anthony M. Kennedy, Sandra Day O'Connor and Antonin Scalia. Robert Bork's nomination was rejected by a Senate vote of 58-42.[2]

For a full list of the President Reagan's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Ronald Reagan.

Jimmy Carter

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During his term in office, President Carter made 262 judicial appointments.[1] He did not have the opportunity to nominate any justices to the Supreme Court.

For a full list of President Carter's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Jimmy Carter.

Gerald Ford

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During his term in office, President Ford made 65 judicial appointments.[1] Among that low number was Supreme Court Justice John Paul Stevens.

For a full list of President Ford's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Gerald Ford.

Richard Nixon

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During his terms in office, President Nixon made 232 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated six individuals to the Supreme Court and four were confirmed: Chief Justice Warren Burger, Harry Blackmun, Lewis Powell and William Rehnquist. Clement Haynsworth, Jr. was rejected by a Senate vote of 45-55, while G. Harrold Carswell was rejected by a vote of 45-51.[3]

For a full list of President Nixon's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Richard Nixon.

Lyndon Johnson

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During his term in office, President Johnson made 176 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated three individuals to the Supreme Court and two were confirmed: Abe Fortas and Thurgood Marshall. In 1968, Johnson nominated Associate Justice Fortas to succeed Chief Justice Earl Warren and simultaneously nominated Homer Thornberry to succeed Fortas. After Fortas withdrew his nomination for Chief Justice, the nomination of Thornberry was voided.[3]

For a full list of Johnson's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Lyndon Johnson.

John Kennedy

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During his partial term in office, President Kennedy made 124 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated and had confirmed two justices of the Supreme Court: Arthur Goldberg and Byron White.

For a full list of Johnson's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by John F. Kennedy.

Dwight Eisenhower

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During his terms in office, President Eisenhower made 180 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated five individuals to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice Earl Warren, William Brennan, John Harlan, Potter Stewart and Charles Whittaker.

For a full list of Eisenhower's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Dwight Eisenhower.

Harry Truman

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During his terms in office, President Truman made 137 judicial appointments.[1] He nominated four justices to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice Fred Vinson, Harold Burton, Tom Clark and Sherman Minton.

For a full list of Truman's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Harry Truman.

Franklin Delano Roosevelt

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During his four terms in office, Roosevelt made 204 judicial appointments.[1] He also nominated nine justices to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice Harlan Fiske Stone, Hugo Black, James Byrnes, William Douglas, Felix Frankfurter, Robert Jackson, Frank Murphy, Stanley Reed and Wiley Rutledge.

For a full list of Roosevelt's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Franklin Delano Roosevelt.

Herbert Hoover

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During his term in office, President Hoover nominated 62 judges to the federal courts. He nominated four individuals to the Supreme Court, three of whom were confirmed: Chief Justice Charles Hughes, Benjamin Cardozo and Owen Roberts. John Parker's nomination was rejected by a Senate vote of 39-41.[3]

For a full list of Hoover's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Herbert Hoover.

Calvin Coolidge

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During his terms in office, President Coolidge nominated 78 federal judges. He nominated only one Supreme Court Justice, Harlan Fiske Stone.

For a full list of Coolidge's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Calvin Coolidge.

Warren Harding

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During his term in office, President Harding nominated 52 judges to the federal courts. Among those judges, four were nominated to the Supreme Court, including: former President William Howard Taft as Chief Justice, Pierce Butler, Edward Sanford and George Sutherland.

For a full list of Harding's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Warren Harding.

Woodrow Wilson

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During his terms in office, President Wilson nominated 71 federal judges. Three justices were nominated (and confirmed) to the Supreme Court: Louis Brandeis, John Clarke and James McReynolds.

For a full list of Wilson's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Woodrow Wilson.

William Howard Taft

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During his term in office, President William Howard Taft nominated 56 judges to the federal courts. He also nominated six justices to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice Edward Douglass White, Willis Van Devanter, Charles Hughes, Joseph Lamar, Horace Lurton and Mahlon Pitney. Taft is the only President of the United States to have served on the Supreme Court as well. He was appointed Chief Justice by Warren Harding.

For a full list of Taft's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by William Howard Taft.

Theodore Roosevelt

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During his terms in office, President Theodore Roosevelt nominated 74 federal judges. He also nominated three justices to the Supreme Court: William Day, Oliver Wendell Holmes and William Moody.

For a full list of Roosevelt's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by Theodore Roosevelt.

William McKinley

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During his terms in office, President William McKinley nominated 35 judges to the federal courts. Only one of those judges was a Supreme Court Justice, Joseph McKenna.

For a full list of President McKinley's nominees, see: Federal judges nominated by William McKinley.

Grover Cleveland

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During his two non-consecutive terms in office, President Grover Cleveland nominated 41 federal judges. Overall, he nominated six individuals to the Supreme Court, though only four were confirmed: Chief Justice Melville Weston Fuller, Lucius Lamar, Rufus Peckham and Edward Douglass White. In his second term William Hornblower was rejected by a Senate vote of 24-30, while Wheeler Peckham (Rufus' brother) was rejected by a vote of 32-41.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Cleveland, see: Federal judges nominated by Grover Cleveland.

Benjamin Harrison

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During his term in office, President Benjamin Harrison nominated 42 judges to federal courts. Of those judges, four joined the Supreme Court: David Brewer, Henry Brown, Howell Jackson and George Shiras.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Harrison, see: Federal judges nominated by Benjamin Harrison.

Chester Arthur

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During his term in office, President Chester Arthur nominated 19 federal judges. He nominated three individuals to serve on the Supreme Court, though Roscoe Conkling declined the offer. Horace Gray and Samuel Blatchford joined the court.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Arthur, see: Federal judges nominated by Chester Arthur.

James Garfield

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During his year in office, President James Garfield nominated only 5 judges to the federal courts. Though only five judges were nominated to serve, one was Stanley Matthews, who was confirmed in 1881.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Arthur, see: Federal judges nominated by James Garfield.

Rutherford B. Hayes

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During his term in office, President Rutherford B. Hayes nominated 22 federal judges. He nominated three individuals to the Supreme Court and two were confirmed, John Harlan and William Woods. There was no action on the nomination of Stanley Matthews, who was later nominated and confirmed under the administration of James Garfield.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Hayes, see: Federal judges nominated by Rutherford B. Hayes.

Ulysses Grant

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During his two terms in office, President Ulysses Grant nominated 46 judges to the federal courts. Eight individuals were nominated to the Supreme Court, though only five were confirmed: Chief Justice Morrison Waite, Edwin Stanton, William Strong, Joseph Bradley and Ward Hunt. The nomination of Ebenezer Hoar was rejected by the Senate, while those of George Williams and Caleb Cushing were withdrawn. Edwin Stanton died between his confirmation and the beginning of his term.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Grant, see: Federal judges nominated by Ulysses Grant.

Andrew Johnson

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During the term of President Andrew Johnson, he nominated 9 federal judges. He nominated only one person to the Supreme Court, Henry Stanberry, and there was no action taken on it by the Senate.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Johnson, see: Federal judges nominated by Andrew Johnson.

Abraham Lincoln

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During his terms in office, President Abraham Lincoln nominated 32 judges to the federal courts. He nominated five justices to the Supreme Court, all of whom were confirmed: Chief Justice Salmon Chase, David Davis, Stephen Field, Samuel Miller and Noah Swayne.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Lincoln, see: Federal judges nominated by Abraham Lincoln.

James Buchanan

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During his term in office, President James Buchanan nominated 8 federal judges. He nominated two individuals to the Supreme Court and only one was confirmed: Nathan Clifford. The nomination of Jeremiah Black was rejected by a Senate vote of 25-26.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Buchanan, see: Federal judges nominated by James Buchanan.

Franklin Pierce

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During his term in office, President Franklin Pierce nominated 16 judges to the federal courts. He nominated one justice to the Supreme Court: John Campbell.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Pierce, see: Federal judges nominated by Franklin Pierce.

Millard Fillmore

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During his term in office, President Millard Fillmore nominated 5 federal judges. He nominated four individual to the Supreme Court though only one was confirmed: Benjamin Curtis. No action was taken on the nominations of Edward Bradford and William Micou, while the nomination of George Badger was withdrawn.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Fillmore, see: Federal judges nominated by Millard Fillmore.

Zachary Taylor

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During his year in office, President Zachary Taylor nominated 4 judges to the federal courts. He did not have the opportunity to nominate any justices to the Supreme Court.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Taylor, see: Federal judges nominated by Zachary Taylor.

James Polk

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During his term in office, President James Polk nominated 10 federal judges. Three judges were nominated to the Supreme Court and two were confirmed: Levi Woodbury and Robert Grier. George Woodward was rejected by a Senate vote of 20-29.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Polk, see: Federal judges nominated by James Polk.

John Tyler

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During his term in office, President John Tyler nominated 7 judges to the federal courts. He nominated five different individuals to the Supreme Court though only one was confirmed: Samuel Nelson. John Spencer was nominated twice in 1844, the first time his nomination was rejected by a Senate vote of 21-26 and the second time it was withdrawn. Reuben Walworth was nominated three times; twice the nominations were withdrawn and once there was no action. Edward King was nominated twice; once a vote was postponed, the second time it was withdrawn. Lastly, John Read was nominated in 1845 and no action was taken in the Senate.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Tyler, see: Federal judges nominated by John Tyler.

William Henry Harrison

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During his month in office, President William Henry Harrison did not have the opportunity to nominate any federal judges.

Martin Van Buren

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During his term in office, President Martin Van Buren nominated 10 federal judges. He nominated two justices to the Supreme Court, both of whom were confirmed: John McKinley and Peter Daniel.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Van Buren, see: Federal judges nominated by Martin Van Buren.

Andrew Jackson

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During his two terms in office, President Andrew Jackson nominated 23 judges to the federal courts. He nominated seven justices to the Supreme Court, six of whom were confirmed: Chief Justice Roger Taney, Henry Baldwin, Phillip Barbour, John Catron, John McLean and James Wayne. William Smith was nominated but declined the position.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Jackson, see: Federal judges nominated by Andrew Jackson.

John Quincy Adams

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During his term in office, President John Quincy Adams nominated 12 federal judges. He nominated two individuals to the Supreme Court, though only one was confirmed: Robert Trimble. John Crittenden was nominated, but never joined the court.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President Quincy Adams, see: Federal judges nominated by John Quincy Adams.

James Monroe

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During his terms in office, President James Monroe nominated 22 judges to the federal courts. One justice was nominated and confirmed to the Supreme Court: Smith Thompson.

For a full list of judges nominated by President James Monroe, see: Federal judges nominated by James Monroe.

James Madison

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During his terms in office, President James Madison nominated 13 federal judges. He nominated five individuals to the Supreme Court and two were confirmed: Joseph Story and Gabriel Duvall. Both Levi Lincoln and John Quincy Adams denied their nominations, and Alexander Wolcott's nomination was rejected by a 9-24 Senate vote.[3]

For a full list of judges nominated by President James Monroe, see: Federal judges nominated by James Madison.

Thomas Jefferson

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During his terms in office, President Thomas Jefferson nominated 13 judges to the federal courts. Three justices were nominated and confirmed to the Supreme Court: William Johnson, Jr., H. Brockholst Livingston and Thomas Todd.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Thomas Jefferson, see: Federal judges nominated by Thomas Jefferson.

John Adams

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During his term in office, President John Adams nominated 23 federal judges. Three justices were nominated to the Supreme Court: Chief Justice John Marshall, Alfred Moore and Bushrod Washington.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Adams, see: Federal judges nominated by John Adams.

George Washington

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During his terms in office, President George Washington nominated 38 judges to the federal courts.

The first Justices nominated to the Supreme Court were: Chief Justice John Jay, Chief Justice John Rutledge, John Blair, William Cushing, and James Wilson. Robert Harrison was nominated and declined the position.[3]

When the Senate reconvened in December 1795, it rejected Rutledge's nomination with a 10-14 vote. Thomas Johnson succeeded Rutledge.[3]

Washington's later nominees were William Paterson, Samuel Chase and Chief Justice Oliver Ellsworth.

For a full list of judges nominated by President Washington, see: Federal judges nominated by George Washington.

See also

See also

External links

References