Judicial selection methods in Florida vary depending on the level of court. Supreme and Appellate Court candidates are chosen by a nominating commission and, from those candidates, the Governor makes the final appointment. Midterm vacancies on the trial courts are also filled by this process.
Trial court judges are selected in non-partisan primary and general elections. Candidates who receive a majority of the vote in the primary win automatically and are not on the ballot in the general election unless a write-in candidate qualifies for the same office. If no candidate receives a majority of the primary votes, the two candidates with the most votes advance to the general election. Appellate Judges also face retention elections.
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