Read this week's JP Election Brief:
Top judicial races for election day


Florida District Courts of Appeal

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Portal:Intermediate appellate courts in the states
Jurisdiction of the Florida District Courts of Appeal

The Florida District Courts of Appeal (DCAs) are the intermediate appellate courts in Florida.

Organization

Like Florida's supreme court justices, judges of the district courts of appeal are nominated by the state's judicial nominating commission and then appointed by the governor. They serve six-year terms, and are re-elected through retention elections. Cases in the courts of appeal are heard by three-judge panels. Each district court has a chief judge, who is selected by the body of judges. In general, the decisions made in the district courts of appeal are viewed as final judgments. Further appeals can be made to the Florida Supreme Court, but the state's highest court is not required to accept a case.[1]

Districts

The court is divided into five districts.

District Number of judges Location Jurisdiction
First District Court of Appeal 15 Tallahassee Circuits 1, 2, 3, 4, 8, and 14
Second District Court of Appeal 16 Lakeland with a branch in Tampa Circuits 6, 10, 12, 13, and 20
Third District Court of Appeal 10 Miami Circuits 11 and 16
Fourth District Court of Appeal 12 West Palm Beach Circuits 15, 17, and 19
Fifth District Court of Appeal 11 Daytona Beach Circuits 5, 7, 9, and 18

Cases

The DCAs take appeals from the lower courts. They also hear administrative law appeals from the executive branch's governmental actions, and review decisions from county courts that have overruled the Florida Constitution or state statutes.

pChart

Budget

According to the 2012-2013 Florida State Courts annual report, the judicial branch accounts for 0.6% ($443,416,191) of Florida's total budget for the 2013-2014 fiscal year ($74,152,188,260). Of this, the district courts of appeal make up 9.2%, or $40,643,599.[2]

See also Florida salaries and budgets

History

The Florida District Courts of Appeal were established in 1957. This marked the first intermediate appellate courts in the state. Prior to their creation, the Florida Supreme Court received all of the appeals from the state trial courts, and the docket was becoming too congested.[1]

Growth

There are currently 61 DCA judges in Florida. In 1972, there were only 20 (5 judges each in districts 1 through 4, while the 5th district did not yet exist). When the 5th district was created in 1979, the total number of DCA judges had become 39. The number climbed over the years; there were 46 judges in 1982, and 57 in 1989. From 1999 to 2007, the total was 62. The number of judges in the 3rd district was reduced from 11 to 10 in 2007, bringing the number back to 61.[3]

Jurisdiction

Each county in Florida falls within the jurisdiction of one of the five district courts of appeal.

First District Court of Appeal

Second District Court of Appeal

Third District Court of Appeal

Fourth District Court of Appeal

Fifth District Court of Appeal

See also

External links

References

FloridaFlorida Supreme CourtFlorida District Courts of AppealFlorida Circuit CourtFlorida County CourtUnited States District Court for the Middle District of FloridaUnited States District Court for the Northern District of FloridaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of FloridaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh CircuitFlorida countiesFlorida judicial newsFlorida judicial electionsJudicial selection in FloridaFloridaTemplatewithoutBankruptcy.jpg