Florida judicial elections
|Supreme Court||District Courts of Appeal||Circuit Court||County Courts|
|Merit selection, retention - 6 year terms||Merit selection, retention - 6 year terms||Non-partisan elections - 6 year terms||Non-partisan elections - 6 year terms|
The primary is held 12 weeks before the general election.Cite error: Closing
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<ref> tag Trial court judicial candidates compete in non-partisan primaries designed to narrow the field to two candidates for the general election. Candidates who receive a simple majority (fifty percent plus one vote) of the vote in the primary are considered winners and are not on the ballot in the general election unless a write-in candidate qualifies for the same office.
In the general election, appellate court judges stand for retention and trial court candidates compete in non-partisan elections. Partisan organizations and political parties are forbidden from endorsing, supporting, or opposing candidates for office.
Retention elections for appellate judges ask voters a "yes" or "no" question of whether or not to retain a judge to another term. The judges do not face competition on the ballot. If a majority of votes are in favor of a particular judge, that judge will be retained to a new term.
Unopposed candidates for the circuit and county courts do not appear on any ballot and are considered elected following the general election.
Statewide results are posted on the Department of State website. County results can be found on the county board of elections websites.
Florida election law permits the method by which judges are selected to be amended by initiative vote. In the 2000 general elections, Florida voted on such an initiative to change the judiciary to a merit retention system, which would abolish judicial elections and instead require the appointment and retention of trial judges. The measure was defeated in every jurisdiction.
- American Judicature Society, "Judicial Selection in the States, Florida," accessed April 14, 2014.
- Florida Division of Elections: Frequently Asked Questions
- Florida Election Code, "Sec. 105.09," accessed May 4, 2014.
- Florida Election Law, "Sec. 105.051," accessed April 29, 2014.
- American Judicature Society, "Judicial Selection in the States: Florida," accessed May 4, 2014.