Idaho Supreme Court

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Idaho Supreme Court
200pxSSCBadgeforVNT.png
Court information
Justices:   5
Founded:   1860
Salary
Chief:  $123,000
Associates:  $122,000
Judicial selection
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years
Active justices

Daniel Eismann  •  Roger Burdick  •  Jim Jones  •  Joel Horton  •  Warren E. Jones  •  

Seal of Idaho.png

The Idaho Supreme Court is the state's court of last resort. It is comprised of five justices: a chief justice and four justices.[1]

For the convenience of the litigants, the court is one of a few "circuit riding" supreme courts in the country. Terms of court are held in Boise, Coeur d'Alene, Moscow, Lewiston, Pocatello, Rexburg, Idaho Falls, Caldwell and Twin Falls.

Opinions of the court are published in the Idaho Reports and can be physically located at the Idaho Water Center, 2nd floor, 322 East Front Street, Ste. 560, in Boise, Idaho.[1]

Electronic records can be found here.

Justices

The current justices of the court are:
JudgeTermSelected by
Justice Daniel Eismann2001-2019
Chief justice Roger Burdick2003-2017Gov. Dirk Kempthorne
Justice Jim Jones2004-2017
Justice Joel Horton2007-2021Gov. Butch Otter
Justice Warren E. Jones2007-2021Gov. Butch Otter


Judicial selection

Idaho Supreme Court building in Boise, Idaho
See also: Judicial selection in Idaho

Justices are selected using a non-partisan election of judges method and serve renewable six-year terms. Mid-term vacancies are filled using the commission-selection, political appointment method of judicial selection. With this method, the Idaho Judicial Council selects a number of qualified candidates and their names are forwarded to the Idaho governor. The governor then appoints one of the candidates to fill the remaining term. The chief justice on the court is selected by a majority of the members of the court and appointed by the governor. The chief justice serves four-year term and is responsible for the administration of the court.[2] Since 1950, 68% of Idaho Supreme Court justices initially reached the bench through appointment rather than election.[3]

Qualifications

Minimum qualifications for election or appointment to the court are:

  • be at least 30 years old
  • be a United States citizen
  • e a resident of Idaho for the last two years
  • licensed to practice law in state for at least 10 years
  • be a registered to vote

Jurisdiction

The 1890 Idaho Constitution gives the Idaho Supreme Court the authority to hear appeals of the final rulings of the district courts, as well as from orders from the Public Utilities Commission, Industrial Accident Commission and the Idaho Industrial Commission. The court has original jurisdiction to hear claims against the state and to issue writs of review, mandamus, prohibition, and habeas corpus, and all writs necessary for complete exercise of its appellate jurisdiction. The court may also review decisions of the Idaho Court of Appeals upon petition of the parties or its own motion.[1]

Caseloads

Fiscal Year Filings Dispositions
2013 149 163
2012 123 104
2011 160 169
2010 164 356
2009 173 217
2008 938 350
2007 936 365
[4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

Elections

[edit]

For in-depth coverage of the state's high court races, see: Idaho Supreme Court elections, 2014
See also: Idaho judicial elections, 2014
Horton seat
CandidateIncumbencyPrimary VoteElection Vote
HortonJoel HortonApprovedAYes65.8%ApprovedA   ApprovedA
SeinigerWilliam "Breck" Seiniger No34.2% 
Unopposed  Judge Warren E. Jones (Jones seat)

See also: 2010 State Supreme Court elections

Incumbent Roger Burdick defeated John Bradbury.

Idaho Supreme Court
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Roger Burdick BallotCheckMark.png n/a 58.4%
John Bradbury n/a n/a

Jim Jones ran uncontested and was re-elected.

Idaho Supreme Court
2010 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Jim Jones BallotCheckMark.png n/a 100%

See also: State Supreme Court elections, 2008

Incumbent Joel Horton defeated challenger John Bradbury.

Idaho Supreme Court
2008 General election results
Candidates Votes Percent
Joel Horton BallotCheckMark.png n/a n/a
John Bradbury n/a n/a

Political outlook

Justice Daniel Eismann
Chief Justice Roger Burdick
Justice Jim Jones
Justice Joel Horton
Justice Warren E. Jones
See also: Political outlook of State Supreme Court Justices

In October 2012, political science professors Adam Bonica and Michael Woodruff of Stanford University attempted to determine the partisan outlook of state supreme court justices in their paper, State Supreme Court Ideology and 'New Style' Judicial Campaigns. A score above 0 indicated a more conservative leaning ideology while scores below 0 were more liberal. The state Supreme Court of Idaho was given a Campaign finance score (CFscore) which was calculated for judges in October 2012. At that time, Idaho received a score of 0.75. Based on the justices selected, Idaho was the 5th most conservative court. The study is based on data from campaign contributions by judges themselves, the partisan leaning of contributors to the judges or, in the absence of elections, the ideology of the appointing body (governor or legislature). This study is not a definitive label of a justice but rather, an academic gauge of various factors.[11]

Rules of practice and procedure in Idaho courts

The following is a list of the rules of practice and procedure used by Idaho courts:

A full list of Idaho court rules can be found here

Ethics

Judicial conduct

The Idaho Code of Judicial Conduct sets forth ethical guidelines and principles for the conduct of judges and judicial candidates in Idaho. It consists of five overarching canons:

  • Canon 1: "A Judge Shall Uphold the Integrity and Independence of the Judiciary."
  • Canon 2: "A Judge Shall Avoid Impropriety and the Appearance of Impropriety in Activities."
  • Canon 3: "A Judge Shall Perform the Duties of Judicial Office Impartially and Diligently."
  • Canon 4: "A Judge Shall So Conduct the Judge’s Extra-Judicial Activities as to Minimize the Risk of Conflict With Judicial Obligations."
  • Canon 5: "A Judge or Judicial Candidate Shall Refrain From Inappropriate Political Activity."[12]

The full text of the Idaho Code of Judicial Conduct can be found here

Financial disclosure

See also: Center for Public Integrity Study on State Supreme Court Disclosure Requirements

In December 2013, the Center for Public Integrity released a study on disclosure requirements for state supreme court judges. Analysts from the Center reviewed the rules governing financial disclosure in each of the 50 states and the District of Columbia, as well as personal financial disclosures for the past three years. The study found that 42 states and Washington D.C. received failing grades. Idaho earned a grade of F in the study. No state received a grade higher than "C". Furthermore, due in part to these lax disclosure standards, the study found 35 instances of questionable gifts, investments overlapping with caseloads and similar potential ethical quandaries. The study also noted 14 cases in which justices participated although they or their spouses held stock in the company involved in the litigation.[13]

Removal of justices

Justices may be removed in one of two ways:

  • The Idaho Judicial Council investigates a complaints and then recommends to the supreme court the discipline, removal, or retirement of a judge. The supreme court may review the recommendation of the judicial council and take additional evidence. The court may then reject or accept the recommendation and impose a penalty.
  • Judges may be impeached by a majority vote of the Idaho State Legislature and convicted by a two-thirds vote of the Idaho State Senate.[14]

Court diversity

An analysis by Forster-Long, LLC published by the National Association of Women Judges showed that as of February 2011, the Idaho Supreme Court was just one of three high courts in the 50 American states to have no women on its bench.[15][16]

Notable cases

History

When Idaho first became a territory of the United States on March 4, 1863, President Abraham Lincoln appointed the first three justices to the Territorial Supreme Court, the precursor of the Idaho Supreme Court. Idaho then became a state in 1890, and the Idaho State Constitution assigned three justices to the court which later increased to five justices (a chief justice and four justices) with the 1919 amendment to the Idaho State Constitution. The composition of the court has not changed since.[1]

See also

External links

References

IdahoIdaho Supreme CourtIdaho Court of AppealsIdaho District CourtsIdaho Magistrate DivisionUnited States District Court for the District of IdahoUnited States bankruptcy court, District of IdahoUnited States Court of Appeals for the Ninth CircuitIdaho countiesIdaho judicial newsIdaho judicial electionsJudicial selection in IdahoIdahoTemplate.jpg