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Judicial selection in Maine

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Judicial selection in the states
Judicial selection in Maine
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Maine Supreme Court
Method:   Gubernatorial appointment, Senate confirmation
Term:   7 years
Maine Superior Court
Method:   Gubernatorial appointment, Senate confirmation
Term:   7 years
Maine District Courts
Method:   Gubernatorial appointment, Senate confirmation
Maine Probate Courts
Method:   Partisan elections
Term:   4 years

Judicial selection in Maine primarily occurs through the method of gubernatorial appointment with confirmation by the Maine Senate.

Appellate courts

Justices of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court and judges of the Maine Superior Court are appointed by the Governor. Appointments must be confirmed by the Maine Senate.[1]

Once the appointment is made, the Maine Legislature's Committee on the Judiciary recommends a the nominee for confirmation. Unless two-thirds of the full senate votes to override the recommendation, the vote of the Judiciary Committee stands.[1]

Appellate court justices serve seven-year terms. In order to serve on these courts, one must be "learned in the law."[1]

District Courts

Judges of the Maine district courts are also chosen by gubernatorial appointment with confirmation by the Maine Senate. In order to serve on these courts, one must be a member of the state bar.[2]

Probate Courts

These courts fall under the jurisdiction of the counties, not the state court system. The 16 judges of the Maine probate courts are the only judges in the state to be elected in partisan elections.[3]

In order to serve on these courts, a candidate must be a resident of Maine, and an attorney licensed to practice in the state. Judges of the Maine probate courts serve part-time.[2]

See also

External links

References