Judicial selection in Michigan

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Judicial selection in the states
Judicial selection in Michigan
Seal of Michigan.png
Michigan Supreme Court
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   8 years
Michigan Court of Appeals
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years
Michigan Circuit Courts
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years
Michigan District Courts
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years
Michigan Probate Courts
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years

Supreme Court

Justices of the Michigan Supreme Court are elected to 8 year terms in a partisan nomination followed by a non-partisan election. Candidates who want to challenge incumbent justices or run for open seats on the supreme court must be nominated at party conventions or by a nominating petition. All incumbent justices can file an affidavit of candidacy, thus asking to be placed on the ballot. Candidates for any other courts are nominated in the nonpartisan primary elections or by a nominating petition. Incumbent judges can also file an affidavit of candidacy. All candidates appear without party affiliation on the general election ballot, with incumbent judges designated as such.[1]

If a vacancy on the court occurs, gubernatorial appointment is required. The standing committee on judicial qualifications of the State Bar of Michigan must interview, evaluate, and rate all candidates for appointment to judicial vacancies as is requested by the governor. The State Bar must then submit a confidential report to the governor.[1]

The chief justice of the court serves a two-year term and is elected by the other justices.

In order to join the court, an individual must meet the following qualifications:

  • be a qualified elector;
  • be licensed to practice law in state;
  • have 5 yrs practice of law;
  • be less than 70 yrs of age[1]

Court of Appeals

All aspects of the Michigan Court of Appeals are the same as the Michigan Supreme Court, excluding the chief justice being chosen by supreme court appointment, and the Michigan Court of Appeals term lasting six years, having been chosen in nonpartisan elections.[1]

Circuit Court

All aspects of the Michigan Circuit Courts are the same as the Michigan Court of Appeals.[1]

District Court

Judges of the Michigan District Courts participate in non-partisan elections and serve six-year terms.[2]

The qualifications of serving on these courts are the same as the other in the state, except that a judge must be resident of the district the court represents.[3]

Probate Court

The 79 judges of the Michigan Probate Courts participate in non-partisan elections and serve six-year terms.[2]

Qualifications to serve at this level are the same as those of the District Courts.[3]

See also

External links

References

MichiganMichigan Supreme CourtMichigan Court of AppealsMichigan Circuit CourtMichigan District CourtsMichigan Probate CourtsUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of MichiganUnited States District Court for the Western District of MichiganUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of MichiganUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of MichiganUnited States Court of Appeals for the Sixth CircuitMichigan countiesMichigan judicial newsMichigan judicial electionsJudicial selection in MichiganMichiganTemplate.jpg