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Judicial selection in Utah

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Judicial selection in the states
Judicial selection in Utah
Seal of Utah.png
Utah Supreme Court
Method:   Comm. select., Gov. appt. with Senate confirmation
Term:   10 years
Utah Court of Appeals
Method:   Comm. select., Gov. appt. with Senate confirmation
Term:   6 years
Utah District Courts
Method:   Comm. select., Gov. appt. with Senate confirmation
Term:   4 years
Utah Justice Courts
Method:   County commission/city official appointment
Term:   4 years

Judges of the Utah courts are chosen through a commission process.[1]

Supreme Court

Justices of the Utah Supreme Court are recommended by a nominating commission to the governor. After the governor makes her or his appointment, the nominee is confirmed by the Utah Senate. Justices serve ten-year terms.

If an interim vacancy occurs, the position is filled in the same way. Judges must stand for retention in the next general election after more than three years in office.

The Chief Justice serves a term of four years and is elected by the other justices of the court.

In order to serve on the court, one must meet these requirements:

  • a resident of the United States;
  • a state resident for at least five years;
  • at least 30 years of age;
  • admitted to practice law in the state; and
  • no more than 75 years of age.[1]

Court of Appeals

Judges of the Utah Court of Appeals are also appointed by the governor, but serve six-year terms.

The chief judge of the court serves a two-year term and is elected by the other judges of the court.

In order to serve on the court, one must meet these requirements:

  • a resident of the United States;
  • a state resident for at least three years;
  • at least 25 years of age;
  • admitted to practice law in that state; and
  • no more than 75 years of age.[1]

District Courts

All aspects of judicial selection in the Utah District Courts is the same as that of the Utah Court of Appeals, except that District Court judges serve four-year terms.[1]

Justice Courts

Judges of the Utah Justice Courts include county judges who are appointed by county commissions and municipal judges who are appointed by city officials. Both participate in a retention election every four years.

Judges of the Justice Courts do not need to be attorneys.[2]

See also

External links

References