Judicial selection in Wisconsin

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Judicial selection in the states
Judicial selection in Wisconsin
Seal of Wisconsin.png
Wisconsin Supreme Court
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   10 years
Wisconsin Court of Appeals
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years
Wisconsin Circuit Courts
Method:   Non-partisan election of judges
Term:   6 years

Judicial selection in Wisconsin occurs with the non-partisan election of judges.

Judges run in the spring election (the political primary) and only one supreme court justice and one court of appeals judge in each district are up for election simultaneously.[1]

Supreme Court

Justices of the Wisconsin Supreme Court are chosen in statewide non-partisan elections every ten years.

If a vacancy occurs, the governor of Wisconsin appoints a new justice. The Advisory Council on Judicial Selection recommends candidates, but the governor is not required to choose one of them. After being appointed, the justice runs for election to the seat in the next spring election without a justice already running.

In order to serve on the court, one must meet these conditions:

  • be a qualified elector of the state;
  • licensed to practice law for at least five years; and
  • be under the age of 70.[2]

Court of Appeals

There are 16 judges on the Wisconsin Court of Appeals, representing four districts. They are also elected in district-wide non-partisan elections, but the length of term is only six years. All other processes mirror those of the Supreme Court.

The chief judge of the court is appointed by the Supreme Court for three-year terms.[2]

Circuit Courts

There are 241 judges, representing 69 circuits. Judges of the Wisconsin Circuit Courts run in circuit-wide non-partisan elections, winning six-year terms.

All other aspects are the same as judicial selection for the Court of Appeals, except that the chief judge, appointed by the Wisconsin Supreme Court, only serves a term of two years.

Municipal Courts

There around 254 municipal courts in the state.[3] Judges of the Wisconsin Municipal Courts run in non-partisan elections, winning four-year terms. The term begins on May 1 of the year of the judge's election.[4]

See also

External links

References

WisconsinWisconsin Supreme CourtWisconsin Court of AppealsWisconsin Circuit CourtsWisconsin Municipal CourtsUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of WisconsinUnited States District Court for the Western District of WisconsinUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of WisconsinUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of WisconsinUnited States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitWisconsin countiesWisconsin judicial newsWisconsin judicial electionsJudicial selection in WisconsinWisconsinTemplate.jpg