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|Current Court Information:|
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan|
|Appointed by:||George H.W. Bush|
|Active:||6/19/1990 - 3/1/2013|
|Senior:||3/1/2013 - Present|
|Preceded by:||James Churchill|
|Home State:||St. Clair, MI|
|Undergraduate:||Michigan State U., B.A., 1969|
|Law School:||U. of North Carolina School of Law, J.D., 1972|
Robert Cleland is an Article III federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan. He joined the court in 1990 after being nominated by President George H.W. Bush and took senior status in March 2013. 
Early life and education
Born in St. Clair, Michigan, Cleland graduated from Michigan State University with his bachelor's degree in 1969, and graduated from the University of North Carolina Law School in 1972 with his Juris Doctor degree.
Cleland entered private practice in Port Huron, Michigan from 1972 to 1975. Cleland was the Assistant Prosecuting Attorney for St. Clair County, Michigan Attorney's Office from 1975 to 1977, and the Chief Assistant Deputy Attorney from 1977 to 1980. Cleland was reassigned to Assistant Prosecutor again from 1981 until his appointment to the Federal Bench in 1990.
Eastern District of Michigan
Cleland was nominated to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Michigan by President George H.W. Bush on February 20, 1990 to a seat vacated by James Paul Churchill. Cleland was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on June 18, 1990 and received commission on June 19, 1990. Cleland took senior status on March 1, 2013. 
Reporter's privilege case (2010)
*Richard G. Convertino, v. United States Department of Justice 07-cv-13842
Judge Cleland ruled on February 9, 2010 that Detroit Free-Press reporter David Ashenfelter did not have to reveal sources of information he got when reporting that a federal prosecutor was under investigation for his handling of a terrorism trial.
Former Eastern District of Michigan U.S. Attorney Richard Convertino sued the Justice Department in order to force Ashenfelter to reveal the sources of information used in the story as Covertino felt the information was illegally leaked.The judge dismissed the motion for reconsideration, adding that the plaintiff engaged in poor strategic planning.
|Federal judicial offices|
|Eastern District of Michigan
Bernard Friedman • Marianne Battani • Anna Taylor • Robert Cleland • Avern Cohn • Julian Cook • Patrick Duggan • Nancy Edmunds • John O'Meara • George Steeh • Arthur Tarnow • Lawrence Zatkoff • Stewart Newblatt • Charles Joiner • James Harvey • James Churchill •
|Magistrate judges||Mark Randon • Steven Whalen • Charles Binder • Michael Hluchaniuk • Paul Komives • Mona Majzoub • David Grand • Laurie Michelson •|
|Former Article III judges||
Damon Keith • John Feikens • Paul Gadola • Cornelia Kennedy • Ralph Guy • Richard Suhrheinrich • Horace Gilmore • Ross Wilkins • Barbara Hackett • George La Plata • Henry Billings Brown • John Wesley Longyear • Henry Harrison Swan • Alexis Caswell Angell • Arthur Tuttle • Charles Casper Simons • Edward Julien Moinet • Ernest Aloysius O'Brien • Arthur Lederle • Frank Picard • Wade Hampton McCree, Jr. • Patricia Boyle • Robert DeMascio • Ralph Freeman • Lawrence Gubow • Frederick Kaess • Arthur Koscinski • Theodore Levin • Thaddeus Machrowicz • Clifford O'Sullivan • Philip Pratt • Stephen Roth • Talbot Smith • Thomas Thornton • George Woods •
|Former Chief judges||
Damon Keith • Bernard Friedman • Anna Taylor • Julian Cook • John Feikens • Lawrence Zatkoff • Cornelia Kennedy • Arthur Lederle • Frank Picard • James Churchill • Ralph Freeman • Frederick Kaess • Theodore Levin • Philip Pratt •