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|Current Court Information:|
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin|
|Appointed by:||George H.W. Bush|
|Active:||8/12/1992 - Present|
|Chief:||2002 - 2009|
|Preceded by:||Robert Warren|
|Home State:||Milwaukee, WI|
|Undergraduate:||U. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, B.S., 1963|
|Law School:||U. of Wisconsin Law School, J.D., 1966|
|Military service:||U.S. Army 1967 - 1969|
Rudolph T. Randa is an Article III federal judge in the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin. He joined the court in 1992 after being nominated by President George H.W. Bush. Judge Randa is also a former Chief Judge. His term as Chief Judge started in 2002 and ended August 31, 2009.
Early life and education
Judge Randa was born in 1940 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was a graduate of Milwaukee Riverside High School, with honors. He earned a bachelor's degree from the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, receiving academic honors and graduating as a distinguished military graduate in 1963. Judge Randa received his juris doctor from Wisconsin Law in 1966. Randa was in the same graduating class as former governor of Wisconsin, Tommy G. Thompson.
From 1967 to 1969, Randa served as a U.S. Army Company Commander in Vietnam. Judge Randa served with distinction, earning the Bronze Star, the Vietnam Campaign Medal with 5 battle stars, the Vietnam Service Medal, and the National Defense Service Medal.
After Vietnam, Randa was appointed to the U.S. Attorney General's Office in Washington. In 1970, Randa returned to Milwaukee. From 1970 to 1973, Randa served as Assistant City Attorney for the City of Milwaukee. In 1973, Randa became the Principal City Attorney for Milwaukee. Randa represented the city of Milwaukee in two major civil rights cases filed by individual plaintiffs, the United States Department of Justice and the NAACP alleging a pattern and practice of discrimination based on race and national origin in the Milwaukee fire and police departments. These suits resulted in consent decrees.
In 1975, Randa was elected Municipal Judge in Milwaukee. In 1979, Randa was elected Circuit Judge for Milwaukee County. He was appointed to the Wisconsin Court of Appeals in 1981. Randa was re-appointed Circuit Judge and re-elected Circuit Judge in 1983, where he served until 1992. He also served tempus semestre on the 4th District Court of Appeals in 1983/1984 and 1984/1985.
In 1992, Judge Randa was appointed by President George H.W. Bush to become a federal district judge in the Eastern District of Wisconsin. Randa's nomination was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 11, 1992 on unanimous consent. Randa succeeded Judge Robert Warren.
In 2002, Randa was appointed by Supreme Court Chief Justice William H. Renquist to serve on the Codes of Conduct Committee of the U.S. Judicial Conference. He served on the Codes of Conduct Committee until 2008.
Rights of foster children (2013)
*[ Jeanine B. v. McCallum, et al.] 93-c-0547
In 2001, Judge Randa ruled that children in foster care have enforceable federal rights to a speedy adoption and can sue a state for failing to make them legally available for adoption as required under the Adoption and Safe Families Act of 1997 (ASFA). The ruling was the first to fully examine the rights of children to sue under ASFA and whether those federal rights impose binding obligations on a state.
Wells Fargo sues Indian tribe for gaming bonds default (2011)
*Wells Fargo Bank, N.A., as Trustee, v. Lake of the Torches Economic Development Corp. 09-cv-768
In January of 2010, Judge Randa held that a $50 million bond transaction involving the Lac du Flambeau Indian Nation was void because it was a management contract that was unapproved by the National Indian Gaming Commission. Therefore, Judge Randa refused to appoint a receiver to oversee the Tribe's gaming operation, as the trustee Wells Fargo had requested, and dismissed the case. On appeal, the Seventh Circuit upheld the decision, invalidating the plaintiff's bond indenture as a "management contract" because it contained provisions allowing lenders to influence the management of the tribal casino without approval of the bond indenture by the National Indian Gaming Commission. Randa's decision was reversed in part, as the Seventh Circuit allowed the trustees to seek recovery on certain claims due to a sovereign immunity waiver in the contracts.
Minimum markup on price of gasoline in WI (2010)
*Flying J, Inc., v. J.B. Van Hollen, Attorney Gen. of Wisconsin, et al. 2:08-cv-00110-RTR
In 2009, Judge Randa ruled that Wisconsin's minimum markup of 9.18% on gasoline as required by the Unfair Sales Act was unconstitutional. He held that the provision creates an illegal restraint of trade in violation of the Sherman Act, and that the illegal restraint was not actively supervised by the State. Judge Randa enjoined the State from further enforcement of the law. Wisconsin Attorney General J.B. Van Hollen announced that he would not appeal the decision. The Wisconsin Petroleum Marketers & Convenience Store Association ("WPMCA") moved to intervene post-judgment and to appeal Judge Randa's ruling. Ultimately, the Wisconsin Petroleum Marketers and Convenience Store Association intervened in the case, and Judge Randa's decision was overturned by the Seventh Circuit. The panel which reversed Judge Randa's decision consisted of Judges Richard Posner, Ken Ripple, and Michael Kanne, who wrote the opinion.
Prisoner's rights (2009-2010)
*Kristin Flynn, et al., v. Jim Doyle, et al. 2:06-cv-00537-RTR
Also in 2009, Judge Randa ordered that prison officials in Wisconsin's primary female correctional facility, Taycheedah Correctional Institution, must make significant changes in the distribution and administration of medication to prisoners. For years, medication was distributed by correctional officials without medical training in the context of an error-prone system. Judge Randa ordered that Wisconsin must begin using licensed practical nurses or medical personnel with equivalent training to distribute and administer prescriptions. Judge Randa also ordered that correctional officials begin to process medication orders and dispense and administer prescribed medications in a timely, accurate and reliable manner.
The lawsuit, brought primarily by the ACLU, and its accompanying publicity, prompted a Department of Justice investigation which uncovered minimal treatment of prisoners with mental illnesses. The investigation also discovered the fact that these prisoners, some as young as 15, were regularly placed into isolation cells. This was in addition to a general lack of health services--the prison did not have an infirmary, and hired only one part-time physician on staff.In August of 2010, Taycheedah and state Department of Corrections officials agreed to settle the lawsuit. The settlement agreement required the state to spend millions to provide female prisoners with the same level of healthcare services and mental health treatment already provided to males. This included requiring the facility to hire a full time doctor, a consultant to review physical and mental health care at the prison, as well as construct new health facilities and an off-site center exclusively for inmates with serious mental illness.
Access to abortion clinics (1995)
*[ Unites States, v. George Lyman Wilson, et al.] 880 F. Supp. 6288
In 1995, Judge Randa ruled that the 1994 Freedom of Access to Clinics Entrances Act was unconstitutional in banning "nonviolent, physical obstruction of reproductive health services clinics." Judge Randa ruled that Congress could not use its constitutional authority under the Commerce Clause to regulate abortion protests, "a private activity wholly intrastate in character, non-violent by description and definition, without any commercial aspect, the control of which historically and traditionally rested within the domain of local and state authorities, and which has no direct effect on interstate commerce but instead affects an activity found by Congress to be within 'the stream of interstate commerce . . .'" Judge Randa's ruling, which contradicted the prevailing view in favor of expansive federal authority under the commerce clause, was reversed on appeal by the Seventh Circuit; a link to that subsequent ruling may be found here.
- Rudolph T. Randa in Judge's Directory
- Rudolph T. Randa in Wikipedia
- Biography from Federal Judicial Center
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Judge Randa's Biography from the Federal Judicial Center
- ↑ Journal-Sentinel, "U.S. judge Stadtmueller not taking new criminal cases," August 23, 2009
- ↑ Adopting.org, Foster Children Have Right to Sue - Children's Rights Press Release, Accessed June 11, 2013
- ↑ The Lakeland Times, "Judge's ruling on casino receiver may impact future financial deals," January 15, 2010
- ↑ The National Law Review, Lake of Torches Appellate Decision: "Management Contracts" Are Still a Burning Issue in Tribal Gaming Financings, September 10, 2011
- ↑ The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Van Hollen won't appeal minimum markup ruling," March 10, 2009
- ↑ The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Petroleum marketers ask judge to stay minimum markup decision," February 26, 2009
- ↑ The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Wisconsin's minimum gas markup law reinstated," September 3, 2010
- ↑ American Civil Liberties Union, ACLU Wins Judicial Order Requiring Proper Administration of Medicine At Wisconsin Women's Prison, Accessed June 11, 2013
- ↑ 10.0 10.1 The Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Taycheedah prison to get better health care," August 18, 2010
- ↑ United States v. Wilson, 880 F. Supp. 621 (E.D. Wis. 1995).
|Federal judicial offices|
|Eastern District of Wisconsin
|Magistrate judges||Aaron Goodstein • William Callahan • James Sickel • Nancy Joseph •|
|Former Article III judges||
Terence Evans • Andrew Galbraith Miller • Charles Dyer • James Henry Howe • James Graham Jenkins • William Henry Seaman • Joseph Very Quarles • Ferdinand August Geiger • Francis Duffy • Kenneth Grubb • John Reynolds • Robert Tehan • Robert Warren • Myron Gordon •
|Former Chief judges|