United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit

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Seventh Circuit
Court of Appeals
US-CourtOfAppeals-7thCircuit-Seal.png
Chief:Diane WoodJudges:10
Posts:11Vacancies:1
Dirksen Courthouse.jpg
Active judges
EasterbrookFlaumHamiltonKannePosnerRovnerSykesTinderWilliams
Senior Judges
BauerCudahyManionRipple
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
1.1 Vacancy warning level
1.2 Jurisdiction
1.2.1 Cases heard
1.2.2 Case load
1.3 Clerk's office
1.4 History
1.4.1 Court history
1.4.2 Judicial posts
1.4.3 Notable decisions
1.4.4 Federal courthouse
1.5 See also
1.6 External links
1.7 References
2 Judges
The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit, sometimes referred to simply as the Seventh Circuit, is one of the thirteen federal appellate courts. The court was established in 1891 and currently has a total of eleven seats. The court is located at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Building in Downtown Chicago.

Vacancy warning level

Currently the vacancy warning level for the Seventh Circuit is set at blue. The court currently has one vacancy out of their eleven total seats, constituting 9% of the total seats. However, there is one pending nomination awaiting action by the Senate.

Jurisdiction

United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitUnited States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitUnited States District Court for the Western District of WisconsinUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of WisconsinUnited States District Court for the Northern District of IllinoisUnited States District Court for the Central District of IllinoisUnited States District Court for the Southern District of IllinoisUnited States District Court for the Northern District of IndianaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of Indiana
Map of the Seventh Circuit. Click on a district to find out more about it.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the courts in the following districts:

The court is based at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Building in Downtown Chicago. It is one of thirteen United States courts of appeals, composed of eleven judges.

The court offers a unique internet presence that includes wiki and RSS feeds of opinions and oral arguments. No other United States District or Appellate Court offers oral arguments using these feeds to the internet with the exception of United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit which offers RSS features.

Cases heard

The Seventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over cases heard in one of its subsidiary districts. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.

Case load

Federal Court Case Load Statistics*
YearStarting case load:Cases filed:Total cases:Cases terminated:Remaining casesTerminations on merits:Terminations on ProcedureCross Appeals:Total Terminations: Written decisions per Judge**
201218562994485029791871147013551542979114
20111885303849233064185913961460208306499
201021743124529833981900151216951913398112
200922733337561034352175164116011933435128
200822473037528432812003133816862573281105
200722993227552632802246146716381753280117
200624613634609538032292172118901923803134
*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website (for District Courts) and reflect the calendar year through September.    **This statistic reflects only judges that are active for the entire 12 month period.

Clerk's office

Clerk's Office
U.S. Court of Appeals
Room 2722
219 S. Dearborn Street
Chicago, IL 60604

Phone:(312) 435-5850

History

Court history

The Seventh Circuit was established by the United States Congress in 1981 through the same statute that established the first nine appeals circuits. Over the years, nine additional seats were added to the court resulting in a total of eleven seats.[1] The court has moved six times throughout its history, but has always remained in Chicago.

Judicial posts

The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Seventh Circuit:

Year Statute Total Seats
March 3, 1891 26 Stat. 826 2
February 8, 1895 28 Stat. 643 3
March 3, 1905 33 Stat. 992 4
May 31, 1938 52 Stat. 584 5
August 3, 1949 63 Stat. 493 6
May 19, 1961 75 Stat. 80 7
March 18, 1966 80 Stat. 75 8
October 20, 1978 92 Stat. 1629,1632 9
July 10, 1984 98 Stat. 333 11
[2]

Notable cases

This page is missing notable case information.



For a search-able list of decisions from the Fourth Circuit, please see:
Seventh Circuit Searchable Opinions

Federal courthouse

The United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit has moved into six different court buildings. The original building was located at the N.W. corner of Monroe Street and Dearborn Street and shared space with the U.S. Customs House and Post Office. The building was gutted by the Great Chicago Fire in 1871. The court moved to a newly constructed building in 1980 located between Clark, Adams and Dearborn Streets and Jackson Boulevard. The building was poorly constructed and the court moved again in 1894 to the Monadnock building at the corner of Jackson Boulevard and Dearborn Street. The Monadnock building served as a temporary home until a new courthouse was built in 1905 by architect Henry Ives Cobb. The court moved again in 1938 to 1212 Lake Shore Drive and one final time in 1965 to its present location at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Building. The current building was constructed by principal architect Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe. The official court website describes the building, stating,

"The block-long building rises thirty stories on a skeleton of structural steel, supported by concrete caissons extending to rock one hundred feet below sidewalk level. It is sheathed in a curtain wall of steel, aluminum and bronze-tinted glass. The entire ground level area is paved in granite, extending to the lobby as interior paving and onto the elevator core walls."[3]

Judicial nominating commission

In April 2013, Senators Tammy Baldwin and Ron Johnson created the Wisconsin Federal Nominating Commission. The commission will recommend nominees for the following courts: Eastern District of Wisconsin, Western District of Wisconsin and Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. The commission will also recommend United States Attorneys for the Eastern and Western Districts. It will be comprised of six members of the Wisconsin State Bar, with three members appointed by each senator.[4]

See also

External links

References

Seventh Circuit
Court of Appeals
US-CourtOfAppeals-7thCircuit-Seal.png
Chief:Diane WoodJudges:10
Posts:11Vacancies:1
Active judges
EasterbrookFlaumHamiltonKannePosnerRovnerSykesTinderWilliams
Senior Judges
BauerCudahyManionRipple
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
2 Judges
2.1 Active Judges
2.1.1 Article III judges
2.1.2 Pending appointments
2.1.3 Senior judges
2.2 Past judges
2.2.1 Former Chief judges
2.2.2 Former judges
Front entrance of the Dirksen Courthouse

Active judges

Article III judges

JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveChiefPreceededBachelorsLaw
Judge Diane Sykes1957Milwaukee, WIW. Bush 8/24/2004 - PresentJohn CoffeyNorthwestern U. '80Marquette U. Law '84
Chief Judge Diane WoodJuly 4, 1950Plainfield, New JerseyClinton 6/30/1995-Present10/1/2013-PresentWilliam BauerU. of Texas, Austin '71U. of Texas Law '75
Judge Frank Easterbrook1948Buffalo, NYReagan 4/4/1985 - Present2006 - 9/30/2013Swarthmore College '70U. of Chicago Law '73
Judge Ann Williams1949Detroit, MIClinton 11/15/1999 - PresentWalter CummingsWayne State U. '70Notre Dame Law '75
Judge Joel Flaum1936Hudson, NYReagan 5/5/1983 - Present2000-2006Robert SprecherUnion College '58Northwestern U. Law '63
Judge Ilana Rovner1938Riga, LatviaH.W. Bush 8/17/1992 - PresentHarlington WoodBryn Mawr College '60Chicago-Kent Law '66
Judge Michael Kanne1938Rensselaer, INReagan 5/20/1987 - PresentJesse EschbachIndiana U. '62Indiana U. Law '68
Judge Richard Posner1939New York, NYReagan 12/1/1981 - Present1993-2000Philip ToneYale University, 1959Harvard Law, 1962
Judge David Hamilton1957Bloomington, INObama 11/23/2009 - PresentKenneth RippleHaverford College, B.A., 1979Yale Law School, J.D., 1983
Judge John Tinder1950Indianapolis, INW. Bush 12/21/2007 - PresentDaniel ManionIndiana U., B.S., 1972Indiana U. Law, J.D., 1975

Pending appointments

There are no current pending appointments for the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit.


Senior judges

JudgeAppointed byActiveChiefSeniorBachelorsLaw
Senior Judge Daniel ManionReagan 7/24/1986 - 12/18/200712/18/2007 - PresentNotre Dame '64Indiana U. Law '73
Senior Judge Ken RippleReagan 5/10/1985 - 9/1/20089/1/2008 - PresentFordham University, 1965University of Virginia Law, 1968
Senior Judge William BauerFord 12/20/1974 - 10/31/19941986-199310/31/1994 - PresentElmhurst College '49DePaul U. Law '52
Senior Judge Richard CudahyCarter 9/26/1979 - 8/15/19948/15/1994 - PresentWest Point '48Yale Law '55


Past judges

Former Chief judges

Former Chief JudgesTerm
John Hastings1959-1968
Walter Cummings1981-1986
Latham Castle1968-1970
Luther Swygert1970 - 1975
Francis Duffy1954-1959
James Earl Major1948-1954
William Morris Sparks1948
Thomas Fairchild1975-1981
William Bauer1986-1993
Richard Posner1993-2000
Joel Flaum2000-2006

In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[1][2]


Former judges



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