United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, sometimes referred to simply as the Eleventh Circuit, is one of the 13 federal appellate courts. The court was established in 1981 and currently has a total of 12 seats. The court is located at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta.
Vacancy warning level
Currently the vacancy warning level for the Eleventh Circuit is set at orange. The court currently has four vacancies out of its 12 total seats, constituting 33% of the total seats. There are three pending appointments awaiting action in the Senate.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over the district courts in the following districts:
These districts were originally part of the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit, but were split off to form the Eleventh effective October 1, 1981, as the Eleventh Circuit Act of 1980 enacted by Congress created the Eleventh Circuit. For this reason, Fifth Circuit decisions from before this split are considered binding precedent in the Eleventh Circuit. The court is based at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta.
The Eleventh Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over cases heard in one of its subsidiary districts. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
|Federal Court Case Load Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases||Terminations on merits:||Terminations on Procedure||Cross Appeals:||Total Terminations:||Written decisions per Judge**|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website (for District Courts) and reflect the calendar year through September. **This statistic reflects only judges that are active for the entire 12 month period.|
The official Clerk of Court is John Ley. The Office is open for filing from 8:30 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays.
John Ley, Clerk of Court
U.S. Court of Appeals for the 11th Circuit
56 Forsyth St. N.W.
Atlanta, Georgia 30303
The Eleventh Circuit was established on October 14, 1980, under 94 Stat. 1994 which broke the then Fifth Circuit up into the Fifth Circuit and the Eleventh Circuit. All of the judges who resided in the newly created Eleventh Circuit were transferred to the new appellate court. The court still contains its original 12 seats.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Eleventh Circuit:
|October 14, 1980||94 Stat. 1994||12|
For a search-able list of decisions from the Eleventh Circuit, please see:
Eleventh Circuit Searchable Opinions
| • Federal injunction against immigration law (2011) Judge(s):Rosemary Barkett, Edward Carnes and Frank Hull|
*USA v. State of Alabama No. 11-14532
|On October 14, 2011, the Eleventh Circuit ruled on a federal injunction filed against an Alabama immigration law passed in June. The court's ruling did not block all sections of the law, but did add additional blocks to those put in place by U.S. District Judge Sharon Blackburn's ruling in September. Among the sections of the law that were temporarily blocked by the circuit court was one requiring public schools to check the immigration status of all enrolled students and another making it a misdemeanor for immigrants to fail to carry registration on their person. However, the court allowed the state to enforce some key points of the law, including one that required police to try to determine the immigration status of an individual during lawful stops and arrests, one that invalidated contracts involving illegal immigrants, and one making it a felony crime for illegal immigrants to enter into a business transaction in the state of Alabama.
The full story can be found here.
Parts of the law blocked by Judge Blackburn's ruling included:
Parts of the law blocked by this Eleventh Circuit decision included:
UpdateIn October 2013, the State of Alabama reached a settlement with the American Civil Liberties Union, one of the major challengers of the immigration law. The settlement ended the federal lawsuit and parts of the law voided by the Eleventh Circuit, including the requirement that schools check student citizenship and police detain individuals who could not prove citizenship during stops. It also required the state to pay attorney fees and expenses for bringing the suit.
The Eleventh Circuit is located at the Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building in Atlanta. Ground was broken for the courthouse in 1907, and it was constructed to accommodate the federal services needed for the growing Atlanta population. The building was designed by Architect James Knox Taylor of the U.S. Treasury Department. The court occupied the building in 1981. The courthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1974.
- United States court of appeals
- Eleventh Circuit Act of 1980
- News: Federal immigration lawsuit to proceed in Eleventh Circuit, December 23, 2011
- United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit
- Judges of the Eleventh Circuit
- Comprehensive Opinions Database of the Eleventh Circuit
- Eleventh Circuit blog
- Courthouse News Service, "Judge find room for drug testing in Florida," June 4, 2013
- History of the Eleventh Circuit on the Federal Judicial Center website
- History of the Eleventh Circuit on the Federal Judicial Center website
- CNN, "Parts of Alabama immigration law blocked by federal appeals court," October 14, 2011
- Politico, "Judge OKs key parts of Alabama immigration law," September 28, 2011
- International Business Times, "Alabama Immigration Law Challenged Again: U.S. Government Seeks Injunction," October 9, 2011
- U.S. News and World Report, "Settlement ends suits over Ala immigration law," October 29, 2013
- U.S. General Services Administration, "Elbert P. Tuttle U.S. Court of Appeals Building Overview," accessed January 29, 2014
|2.1 Active Judges|
|2.1.1 Article III judges|
|2.1.2 Pending appointments|
|2.1.3 Senior judges|
|2.2 Past judges|
|2.2.1 Former Chief judges|
|2.2.2 Former judges|
Article III judgesSee: Article III federal judge
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has 12 posts and 4 vacancies. The current Chief Justice is Ed Carnes. This is a list of the current judges on the court:
|Judge Adalberto Jordan||1961||Havana, Cuba||Obama||2/15/2012 - Present||Susan Black||U. of Miami, B.A., 1984||U. of Miami, J.D., 1987|
|Judge Stanley Marcus||1946||New York, NY||Clinton||11/12/1997 - Present||Peter Fay||Queens College CUNY, 1967||Harvard Law, 1971|
|Judge Beverly Martin||1955||Macon, GA||Obama||1/20/2010 - Present||Robert Lanier Anderson||Stetson U., B.A., 1976||U. of Georgia Law, J.D., 198|
|Judge Gerald Tjoflat||1929||Pittsburgh, PA||Ford||10/1/1981 - Present||1989-1996||New Seat|94 Stat. 1994||Duke Law, LL.B., 1957|
|Judge Frank Hull||1948||Augusta, GA||Clinton||9/18/1997 - Present||Phyllis Kravitch||Randolph-Macon Woman's College, B.A., 1970||Emory U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Judge Charles Wilson||1954||Pensacola, FL||Clinton||8/9/1999 - Present||Joseph Hatchett||Notre Dame, B.A., 1976||Notre Dame Law, J.D., 1979|
|Judge William Pryor||1962||Mobile, AL||W. Bush||6/10/2005 - Present||Emmett Cox||Northeast Louisiana U., B.A., 1984||Tulane Law, J.D., 1987|
|Chief Judge Edward Carnes||1950||Albertville, AL||H.W. Bush||9/10/1992 - Present||Frank Johnson, Jr.||U. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, B.S., 1972||Harvard Law, J.D., 1975|
Pending appointmentsThe United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has 3 appointees pending and 4 vacancies. This is a list of the current pending appointees to the court:
|Julie Carnes||U. of Georgia, BA., 1972||U. of Georgia Law, J.D., 1975|
|Robin Rosenbaum||Coe College, B.A., 1970||Suffolk U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Jill Pryor||College of William & Mary, B.A., 1985||Yale Law, J.D., 1988|
Senior judgesSee: Federal judges on senior status
The United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit has 8 judges on senior status currently. This is a list of the current senior judges on the court:
|Senior Judge Peter Fay||Ford||10/1/1981 - 1/19/1994||1/19/1994 - Present||Rollins College '51||U. of Florida Law '56|
|Senior Judge Robert Lanier Anderson||Carter||10/1/1981 - 1/31/2009||1999-2002||1/31/2009 - Present||Yale College '58||Harvard Law '61|
|Senior Judge Phyllis Kravitch||Carter||10/1/1981 - 12/31/1996||12/31/1996 - Present||Goucher College '41||U. of Florida Law '43|
|Senior Judge James L. Edmondson||Reagan||5/7/1986 - 7/15/2012||2002 - 2009||7/15/2012 - Present||Emory U., B.A., 1968||U. of Georgia Law, J.D., 1971|
|Senior Judge Emmett Cox||Reagan||4/18/1988 - 12/18/2000||12/18/2000 - Present||U. of Alabama '57||U. of Alabama Law '59|
|Senior Judge Joel Dubina||H.W. Bush||9/15/1986 - 10/26/2013||2009-2013||10/26/2013 - Present||U. of Alabama, B.S., 1970||Samford U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Senior Judge Susan Black||H.W. Bush||8/12/1992 - 2/25/2011||2/25/2011 - Present||Florida State U. '64||U. of Florida Law '67|
|Senior Judge James Hill||Reagan||10/11/1981 - 10/15/1989||10/15/1989 - Present||U. of Southern California '48||Emory Law '48|
Former Chief judges
|James L. Edmondson||2002 - 2009|
|Robert Lanier Anderson||1999-2002|
In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion. See 28 U.S.C. § 45.
These rules for Chief Judges in the federal judiciary have been in effect since October 1, 1982. The office of Chief Judge was created in 1948. Until August 6, 1959, the position was filled in each federal court by the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as Chief Judge. From then until 1982 it was filled by the senior such judge who had not turned 70.
|Former judges||John Godbold • Joseph Hatchett • Albert Henderson • Paul Roney • David Dyer • Elbert Tuttle • Thomas Clark • Richard Rives • Robert Vance • Lewis Morgan • Stanley Birch • Rosemary Barkett • Warren Leroy Jones • John Bryan Simpson • Frank M. Johnson, Jr. •|
|Former Chief judges|