United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit

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Tenth Circuit
Court of Appeals
US-CourtOfAppeals-10thCircuit-Seal.png
Chief:Mary BriscoeJudges:11
Posts:12Vacancies:1
Active judges
BacharachGorsuchHartzHolmesKellyLuceroMathesonMcHughPhillipsTymkovich
Senior Judges
AndersonBaldockBrorbyEbelHollowayMcKayMurphyO'BrienPorfilioSeymourTacha
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
1.1 Vacancy warning level
1.2 Jurisdiction
1.2.1 Cases heard
1.2.2 Case load
1.3 Clerk's office
1.4 History
1.4.1 Court history
1.4.2 Judicial posts
1.4.3 Notable decisions
1.4.4 Federal courthouse
1.5 See also
1.6 External links
1.7 References
2 Judges

The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit, sometimes referred to simply as the Tenth Circuit, is one of the 13 federal appellate courts. The court was established in 1929 with the Tenth Circuit Reorganization Act and currently has a total of 15 seats. The court is located at the Byron White U.S. Courthouse in Denver.

Vacancy warning level

Currently the vacancy warning level for the Tenth Circuit is set at blue. The court currently has one vacancy out of its 12 total seats. There is one pending appointment for the court.

Jurisdiction

United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth CircuitUnited States Court of Appeals for the Tenth CircuitUnited States District Court for the District of WyomingUnited States District Court for the District of UtahUnited States District Court for the District of ColoradoUnited States District Court for the District of KansasUnited States District Court for the District of New MexicoUnited States District Court for the Western District of OklahomaUnited States District Court for the Northern District of OklahomaUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of Oklahoma
Map of the Tenth Circuit. Click on a district to find out more about it.

The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has jurisdiction over the United States district courts in the following United States federal judicial districts:

These districts were part of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit until 1929, when the Reorganization Act of 1929 was enacted by the U.S. Congress.

The court is composed of 12 active judges and is based at the Byron White U.S. Courthouse in Denver. It is one of 13 United States courts of appeals.

Cases heard

The Tenth Circuit has appellate jurisdiction over cases heard in one of its subsidiary districts. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.

Case load

Federal Court Case Load Statistics*
YearStarting case load:Cases filed:Total cases:Cases terminated:Remaining casesTerminations on merits:Terminations on ProcedureCross Appeals:Total Terminations: Written decisions per Judge**
201214162170358621811405131581353218198
201114752311378622091577120794458220989
2010165222703922244814741353102867244883
200916982328402623761650143189847237685
200818392226406523851680147387042238589
2007210924074516268018361597103845268094
20062367274251093018209117301233553018117
*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website (for District Courts) and reflect the calendar year through September.    **This statistic reflects only judges that are active for the entire 12 month period.

Clerk's office

The mission statement of the Tenth Circuit clerk's office states:
"The Clerk's Office of the United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit ensures equal justice is served by maintaining a timely and accurate docket, effectively managing caseloads and court expenses, sharing knowledge of court rules and procedures and disseminating information to the court and all the participants in the legal process."[1]

The Office is open for filing from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. Monday through Friday, excluding Federal holidays.

Byron White U.S. Courthouse
1823 Stout Street
Denver, CO 80257
303-844-3157

History

Court history

The Tenth Circuit was established on February 28, 1929, under 45 Stat. 1346 which broke the then Eighth Circuit up into the Eighth Circuit and the Tenth Circuit. All of the judges who resided in the newly created Tenth Circuit were transferred to the new appellate court. Over time, eight additional seats were added to the circuit, resulting in a total of 12 seats.[2] The court's current jurisdiction contains 560,625 square miles or roughly 20% of the total U.S. landmass. For a full history of the Tenth Circuit, please see the Tenth Judicial Circuit Historical Society's Official Website.

Judicial posts

The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Tenth Circuit:

Year Statute Total Seats
February 28, 1929 45 Stat. 1346 4
August 3, 1949 63 Stat. 493 5
May 19, 1961 75 Stat. 80 6
June 18, 1968 82 Stat. 184 7
October 20, 1978 92 Stat. 1629 8
July 10, 1984 98 Stat. 333 10
December 1, 1990 104 Stat. 5089 12
[3]


Notable cases

For a searchable list of decisions from the Tenth Circuit, please see:
Tenth Circuit Searchable Opinions




Federal courthouse

The Tenth Circuit is located in the Byron White U.S. Courthouse in Denver. The courthouse was built between 1910 and 1916 replacing a previous building. The exterior of the building uses local Colorado Yule marble, the same material used on the Lincoln Memorial in Washington. Originally, the building held all of the federal agencies located in Denver. Over time, as the federal agencies grew, the building came to be occupied by only the Post Office. The building was expanded and renovated in 1994 to rehouse the federal courthouse, with the current value of the building estimated at $200 million.[10]

See also

External links

References

Tenth Circuit
Court of Appeals
US-CourtOfAppeals-10thCircuit-Seal.png
Chief:Mary BriscoeJudges:11
Posts:12Vacancies:1
Active judges
BacharachGorsuchHartzHolmesKellyLuceroMathesonMcHughPhillipsTymkovich
Senior Judges
AndersonBaldockBrorbyEbelHollowayMcKayMurphyO'BrienPorfilioSeymourTacha
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
2 Judges
2.1 Active Judges
2.1.1 Article III judges
2.1.2 Pending appointments
2.1.3 Senior judges
2.2 Past judges
2.2.1 Former Chief judges
2.2.2 Former judges

Active judges

Article III judges

See: Article III federal judge
The United States Court of Appeals for the Tenth Circuit has 12 posts and 1 vacancy. The current Chief Justice is Mary Briscoe. This is a list of the current judges on the court:
JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveChiefPreceededBachelorsLaw
Judge Jerome Holmes1961Washington D.C.W. Bush 8/9/2006 - PresentStephanie SeymourWake Forest U., B.A., 1983Georgetown U. Law, J.D., 1988
Judge Neil Gorsuch1967Denver, COW. Bush 8/8/2006 - PresentDavid EbelColumbia U. '88Harvard Law '91
Judge Timothy Tymkovich1956Denver, COW. Bush 4/1/2003 - PresentJohn PorfilioColorado College '79U. of Colorado Law '82
Judge Harris Hartz1947Baltimore, MDW. Bush 12/10/2001 - PresentBobby BaldockHarvard '67Harvard Law '72
Judge Carlos LuceroAntonio, COClinton 6/30/1995 - PresentAdams State College '61George Washington U. Law '64
Chief Judge Mary BriscoeCouncil Grove, KSClinton 5/26/1995 - Present2010-PresentJames LoganU. of Kansas '69U. of Kansas Law '73
Judge Paul KellyNMH.W. Bush 4/13/1992 - PresentNotre Dame '63Fordham Law '67
Judge Carolyn McHugh1957Salt Lake City, Utah 3/12/2014-Present2012-2014Michael R. MurphyU. of Utah, B.A., 1978U. of Utah College of Law, 1982
Judge Robert Bacharach1959Clarksdale, MIObama 2/25/2013 - PresentU. of Oklahoma, B.A., 1981Washington U. Law, J.D., 1985
Judge Scott MathesonObama 12/22/2010 - PresentMichael McConnellStanford U. '75Yale Law '80
Judge Gregory Alan Phillips1960Evanston, WY (Littleton, CO)Obama 7/8/2013 - PresentTerrence O'BrienU. of Wyoming, B.A., 1983U. of Wyoming Law, J.D., 1987

Pending appointments

JudgeConfirmationBachelorsLaw
Nancy Caplinger-MoritzWashburn University, B.B.A., 1982Washburn Law School, J.D., 1985


Senior judges

JudgeAppointed byActiveChiefSeniorBachelorsLaw
Senior Judge Terrence O'BrienW. Bush 4/16/2002 - 4/30/20134/30/2013 - PresentU. of Wyoming '65U. of Wyoming Law '72
Senior Judge Michael R. MurphyClinton 8/14/1995 - 12/31/201212/31/2012 - PresentCreighton U. '69U. of Wyoming '72
Senior Judge David Ebel 04/20/1988 - 01/15/200601/16/2006 - PresentNorthwestern U., B.A., 1962U. of Michigan Law, J.D., 1965
Senior Judge Wade BrorbyReagan 2/17/1988 - 5/25/20015/25/2001 - PresentU. of Wyoming '56U. of Wyoming Law '58
Senior Judge Bobby BaldockReagan 12/17/1985 - 1/26/20011/26/2001 - PresentNew Mexico Military Institute '56U. of Arizona Law '60
Senior Judge Deanell TachaReagan 12/16/1985 - 1/27/20112001-20071/27/2011 - PresentU. of Kansas '68U. of Michigan Law '71
Senior Judge Stephen AndersonReagan 10/16/1985 - 1/1/20001/1/2000 - PresentU. of Utah Law '60
Senior Judge John PorfilioReagan 5/10/1985 - 10/15/199910/15/1999 - PresentDenver U. '56U. of Denver Law '59
Senior Judge Stephanie SeymourCarter 11/2/1979 - 10/16/20051994-200010/16/2005 - PresentSmith College '62Harvard Law '65
Senior Judge Monroe McKayCarter 12/1/1977 - 12/31/19931991-199312/31/1993 - PresentBrigham Young U. '57U. of Chicago Law '60
Senior Judge William HollowayL.B. Johnson 9/16/1968 - 5/31/19921984-19915/31/1992 - PresentU. of Oklahoma '47Harvard Law '50


Past judges

Former Chief judges

Former Chief JudgesTerm
Oliver Seth1977-1984
David Thomas Lewis1970-1977
Alfred Murrah1959-1970
Sam Gilbert Bratton1956-1959
Orie Leon Phillips1948-1956
William Holloway1984-1991
Monroe McKay1991-1993
Stephanie Seymour1994-2000
Deanell Tacha2001-2007
Robert Henry2008-2010

In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[1][2]


Former judges



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