United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin is a United States district court. It encompasses much of the eastern half of the state and is split between the Green Bay Division and the main courthouse in the Milwaukee Division.
When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals based in Downtown Chicago at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Courthouse and Building.
Vacancy warning level
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin's vacancy warning level is currently set at yellow. The court currently has one vacancy out of their five posts. There are no pending appointments for the district.
There are two court divisions, each covering the following counties:
The Eastern District of Wisconsin has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
|Federal Court Case Load Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
The Eastern District of Wisconsin has two separate courthouses. The Clerk's office is open Monday through Friday 8:00 a.m. - 4:30 p.m, excluding Federal holidays. Please consult the chart below for more information:
|Branch||Address||Phone number||Counties Served|
|Green Bay Division||Jefferson Court Building
125 S. Jefferson St., Rm. 102
|(920) 884-3720||Brown, Calumet, Door, Florence, Forest, Kewaunee, Langlade, Manitowoc, Marinette, Menominee, Oconto, Outagamie, Shawano, Waupaca, Waushara and Winnebago|
|Milwaukee Division||362 United States District Courthouse
517 East Wisconsin Avenue
|(414) 297-3372||Dodge, Fond du Lac, Green Lake, Kenosha, Marquette, Milwaukee, Ozaukee, Racine, Sheboygan, Walworth, Washington and Waukesha|
The State of Wisconsin was established and organized as one judicial district by Congress on May 29, 1848 with one post to cover the entire state. This judicial district was not assigned to a judicial circuit and was therefore granted the same jurisdiction as United States circuit courts, excluding appeals and writs of error, which are the jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court.
On July 15, 1862 Statute 12 Stat. 576 reorganized the judicial circuits, repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin, and then assigned the district over to the Eighth Circuit. Statute 14 Stat. 209 again reorganized the circuits, and assigned U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin over to the Seventh Circuit on July 23, 1866.
The U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin was divided into two judicial districts, known as the Eastern District of Wisconsin and the Western District of Wisconsin on June 30, 1870, with one judgeship authorized to each district. The sitting judge was assigned over to the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Over time 4 additional judicial posts were added for a total of 5 current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Eastern District of Wisconsin:
|May 29, 1848||9 Stat. 233||1|
|June 30, 1870||16 Stat. 171||1|
|February 10, 1954||68 Stat. 8||2|
|March 18, 1966||80 Stat. 75||2 (1 temporary)|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||3|
|October 20, 1978||92 Stat. 1629||4|
|December 21, 2000||114 Stat. 2762||5|
| • Federal Suit Challenges Fetal Protection Laws|
*Beltran v. Loenish
|The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin is poised to hear a case that addresses the constitutionality of a Wisconsin law that allows authorities to arrest pregnant women who use illegal drugs or abuse alcohol. The "cocaine mom" act allowed Alicia Beltran to be arrested after she told her physician that she had struggled with painkiller abuse and used her friend's subscription of Suboxone to overcome the addiction. Ms. Beltran was not appointed an attorney at the time of her hearing, although there was a court appointed attorney present for her fetus. She was admitted to a drug rehabilitation center after the hearing, and was released from custody after no opiates or Suboxone were found in her system.
The 1998 law is being challenged by the National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW) on the grounds that the law is based on faulty information about the risk to newborns and does more harm than good by scaring pregnant women away from prenatal care. On October 23, 2013, Washington County District Attorney Mark Bensen filed a request for more time to respond, indicating he will file a motion to dismiss in November 2013 and noting that Beltran is no longer in custody.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Justia.com-Dockets and Filings-Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Judicial nominating commission
In April 2013, Senators Tammy Baldwin and Ron Johnson created the Wisconsin Federal Nominating Commission. The commission will recommend nominees for the following courts: Eastern District of Wisconsin, Western District of Wisconsin and Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. The commission will also recommend United States Attorneys for the Eastern and Western Districts. It will be comprised of six members of the Wisconsin State Bar, with three members appointed by each senator.
Two separate courthouses serve the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Judge J.P. Stadtmueller wrote a history of the court entitled "Milwaukee's 'Crown Jewel', The Historic United States Courthouse and Federal Building" which can be accessed here. The building was commenced in 1892, completed in 1899, and for some time served as a Post Office building.
- Wisconsin Eastern District Website
- Judges of the Eastern District of Wisconsin
- Office of the United States Attorney Eastern District of Wisconsin
- US Eastern District Court of Wisconsin
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, Official list
- Court Clerk Information(Select the appropriate division for info and map)
- FJC History of the Eastern District of Wisconsin
- New York Times,“Case Explores Rights of Fetus Versus Mother,” October 23, 2013
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel,“Pregnant woman fights Wisconsin's fetal protection law,” October 24, 2013
- Tammy Baldwin United States Senator for Wisconsin, Press Release: "Wisconsin Senators Announce Agreement on Wisconsin Judicial Commission to move Federal Nominations Forward," April 17, 2013
|2.1 Active Judges|
|2.1.1 Article III judges|
|2.1.2 Pending appointments|
|2.1.3 Senior judges|
|2.2 Past judges|
|2.2.1 Former Chief judges|
|2.2.2 Former judges|
Article III judgesThe United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin has 5 posts. This is a list of the current judges on the court:
|Judge Rudolph Randa||1940||Milwaukee, WI||H.W. Bush||8/12/1992 - Present||2002 - 2009||Robert Warren||U. of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, B.S., 1963||U. of Wisconsin Law School, J.D., 1966|
|Judge Joseph Stadtmueller||1942||Oshkosh, WI||Reagan||6/1/1987 - Present||1995 - 2002||John Reynolds||Marquette U., B.A., 1964||Marquette U. Law School, J.D., 1967|
|Judge Lynn Adelman||1939||Milwaukee, WI||Clinton||12/23/1997 - Present||Thomas Curran||Princeton U., A.B., 1961||Columbia Law School, LL.B., 1965|
|Chief Judge William Griesbach||1954||Milwaukee, WI||W. Bush||5/1/2002 - Present||11/1/2012 - Present||New Seat|114 Stat. 2762||Marquette U., B.A., 1976||Marquette U. Law School, J.D., 1979|
There are no current pending appointments for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Senior judgesSee: Federal judges on senior status
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin has 1 judges on senior status currently. This is a list of the current senior judges on the court:
|Senior Judge Charles Clevert||Clinton||7/29/1996 - 10/31/2012||2009 - 10/31/2012||10/31/2012 - Present||Davis and Elkins College, B.A., 1969||Georgetown U. Law Center, J.D., 1972|
|Magistrate Judge Aaron Goodstein||1979 - Present||U. of Wisconsin, J.D., 1967|
|Former Magistrate Judge Patricia Gorence||1994 - Present||Marquette U. Law, J.D., 1977|
|Magistrate Judge William Callahan||1995 - Present||Marquette U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Magistrate Judge James Sickel||1975 - Present||Marquette U., B.A., 1967||Marquette U. Law, J.D., 1974|
|Magistrate Judge Nancy Joseph|
Former Chief judges
|Robert Warren||1986 - 1991|
|Robert Tehan||1954 - 1971|
|John Reynolds||1971 - 1986|
|Terence Evans||1991 - 1995|
|Joseph Stadtmueller||1995 - 2002|
|Charles Clevert||2009 - 10/31/2012|
|Rudolph Randa||2002 - 2009|
In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion. See 28 U.S.C. § 45.
These rules for Chief Judges in the federal judiciary have been in effect since October 1, 1982. The office of Chief Judge was created in 1948. Until August 6, 1959, the position was filled in each federal court by the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as Chief Judge. From then until 1982 it was filled by the senior such judge who had not turned 70.
|Magistrate judges||Aaron Goodstein • Patricia Gorence • William Callahan • James Sickel • Nancy Joseph •|
|Former Article III judges||
Thomas Curran • Terence Evans • Andrew Galbraith Miller • Charles Dyer • James Henry Howe • James Graham Jenkins • William Henry Seaman • Joseph Very Quarles • Ferdinand August Geiger • Francis Duffy • Kenneth Grubb • John Reynolds • Robert Tehan • Robert Warren • Myron Gordon •
|Former Chief judges|