United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Judicial nominating commission
- 8 Federal courthouse
- 9 See also
- 10 External links
- 11 References
The United States District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin is one of ninety-four United States district courts. It encompasses much of the eastern half of the state and is split between the Green Bay Division and the main courthouse in the Milwaukee Division.
When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals, based in downtown Chicago at the Everett M. Dirksen Federal Courthouse and Building.
Vacancy warning level
|Pamela Pepper||Northwestern U., 1986||Cornell Law, 1989|
Article III judges
|Judge Rudolph Randa||1940||Milwaukee, WI||H.W. Bush||8/12/1992 - Present||2002 - 2009||Robert Warren||University of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, 1963||University of Wisconsin Law School, 1966|
|Judge Joseph Stadtmueller||1942||Oshkosh, WI||Reagan||6/1/1987-Present||1995-2002||John Reynolds||Marquette University, 1964||Marquette University Law School, 1967|
|Judge Lynn Adelman||1939||Milwaukee, WI||Clinton||12/23/1997 - Present||Thomas Curran||Princeton U., 1961||Columbia Law School, 1965|
|Chief Judge William Griesbach||1954||Milwaukee, WI||W. Bush||5/1/2002 - Present||11/1/2012 - Present||New Seat|114 Stat. 2762||Marquette U., B.A., 1976||Marquette U. Law School, J.D., 1979|
|Senior Judge Charles Clevert||Clinton||7/29/1996 - 10/31/2012||2009 - 10/31/2012||10/31/2012 - Present||Davis and Elkins College, B.A., 1969||Georgetown U. Law Center, J.D., 1972|
|Magistrate Judge Aaron Goodstein||1979 - Present||University of Wisconsin, J.D., 1967|
|Magistrate Judge Patricia Gorence||1994-Present||Marquette U. Law, 1977|
|Magistrate Judge William Callahan||1995 - Present||Marquette U. Law, J.D., 1973|
|Magistrate Judge James Sickel||1975 - Present||Marquette U., B.A., 1967||Marquette U. Law, J.D., 1974|
|Magistrate Judge Nancy Joseph|
|Magistrate Judge William E. Duffin||3/28/2014-3/27-2022||University of Illinois||University of Iowa, 1987|
The Eastern District of Wisconsin has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
There are two court divisions, each covering the following counties:
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Justia.com-Dockets and Filings-Eastern District of Wisconsin.
| • Wisconsin voter ID law is struck down (2014)|
Judge(s):Lynn Adelman (Frank, et al v. Walker, 11-CV-01128)
|Click for summary→|
|On April 29, 2014, Judge Lynn Adelman ruled that Wisconsin’s voter identification law was unconstitutional, as it violated the Fourteenth Amendment as well as Section 2 of the Voting Rights Act.
| • Federal suit challenging fetal protection laws (2013)|
Judge(s):Charles Clevert (Beltran v. Loenish)
|Click for summary→|
|Judge Charles Clevert of the Eastern District of Wisconsin was poised to hear a case that addressed the constitutionality of a Wisconsin law that allowed authorities to arrest pregnant women who used illegal drugs or abused alcohol. The "cocaine mom" act allowed Alicia Beltran to be arrested after she told her physician that she had struggled with painkiller abuse and used her friend's subscription of Suboxone to overcome the addiction. Ms. Beltran was not appointed an attorney at the time of her hearing, although there was a court-appointed attorney present for her fetus. She was admitted to a drug rehabilitation center after the hearing, and was released from custody after no opiates or Suboxone were found in her system.
The 1998 law was being challenged by the National Advocates for Pregnant Women (NAPW) on the grounds that the law was based on faulty information about the risk to newborns and did more harm than good by scaring pregnant women away from prenatal care. On October 23, 2013, Washington County District Attorney Mark Bensen filed a request for more time to respond, indicating he would file a motion to dismiss in November 2013, and noting that Beltran was no longer in custody.
The State of Wisconsin was established and organized as one judicial district by Congress on May 29, 1848, with one post to cover the entire state. This judicial district was not assigned to a judicial circuit and was therefore granted the same jurisdiction as United States circuit courts, excluding appeals and writs of error, which are the jurisdiction of the United States Supreme Court.
On July 15, 1862, Statute 12 Stat. 576 reorganized the judicial circuits, repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin, and then assigned the district to the Eighth Circuit. Statute 14 Stat. 209 again reorganized the circuits, and assigned the U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin to the Seventh Circuit on July 23, 1866.
The U.S. District Court for the District of Wisconsin was divided into two judicial districts, known as the Eastern District of Wisconsin and the Western District of Wisconsin on June 30, 1870, with one judgeship authorized to each district. The sitting judge was assigned to the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Over time, four additional judicial posts were added, for a total of five current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Eastern District of Wisconsin:
|May 29, 1848||9 Stat. 233||1|
|June 30, 1870||16 Stat. 171||1|
|February 10, 1954||68 Stat. 8||2|
|March 18, 1966||80 Stat. 75||2 (1 temporary)|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||3|
|October 20, 1978||92 Stat. 1629||4|
|December 21, 2000||114 Stat. 2762||5|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more information on the judges of the Eastern District of Wisconsin, see former federal judges of the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Judicial nominating commission
In April 2013, Senators Tammy Baldwin and Ron Johnson created the Wisconsin Federal Nominating Commission. The commission would recommend nominees for the following courts: Eastern District of Wisconsin, Western District of Wisconsin and Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals. The commission would also recommend United States Attorneys for the Eastern and Western Districts. It would be comprised of six members of the Wisconsin State Bar, with three members appointed by each senator.
Two separate courthouses serve the Eastern District of Wisconsin.
Judge J.P. Stadtmueller wrote a history of the court entitled "Milwaukee's 'Crown Jewel', The Historic United States Courthouse and Federal Building," which is accessible here. The building was commenced in 1892, completed in 1899, and for some time served as a Post Office building.
- U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, "Official Website"
- Eastern District of Wisconsin, "Judges"
- U.S. Attorney's Office for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, "Official Website"
- U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Wisconsin, "Official Website," accessed July 25, 2014
- Offices of the United States Attorneys, "U.S. Attorneys Listing," accessed July 25, 2014
- Huffington Post, "In-Person Voter Fraud Is Virtually Nonexistent, Federal Judge Rules," April 30, 2014
- Associated Press, "Wisconsin Voter ID Law Rejected By Federal Judge," April 30, 2014
- Note: This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
- New York Times, "Case Explores Rights of Fetus Versus Mother," October 23, 2013
- Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, "Pregnant woman fights Wisconsin's fetal protection law," October 24, 2013
- Federal Judicial Center, "History of the Eastern District of Wisconsin," accessed July 25, 2014
- United States Courts, Frequently Asked Questions
- United States Courts, "On Being Chief Judge," February 2009
- Tammy Baldwin United States Senator for Wisconsin, "Press Release: Wisconsin Senators Announce Agreement on Wisconsin Judicial Commission to Move Federal Nominations Forward," April 17, 2013
- Eastern District of Wisconsin, "Court History," accessed on August 20, 2014
|Magistrate judges||Aaron Goodstein • Patricia Gorence • William Callahan • James Sickel • Nancy Joseph • William E. Duffin •|
|Former Article III judges||
Thomas Curran • Terence Evans • Andrew Galbraith Miller • Charles Dyer • James Henry Howe • James Graham Jenkins • William Henry Seaman • Joseph Very Quarles • Ferdinand August Geiger • Francis Duffy • Kenneth Grubb • John Reynolds • Robert Tehan • Robert Warren • Myron Gordon •
|Former Chief judges|