United States District Court for the Northern District of California

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Northern District of California
Ninth Circuit
Fedbadgesmall.png
Chief:Claudia WilkenJudges:15
Posts:15Vacancies:0
Active judges
AlsupChenChhabriaDavilaDonatoFreemanFogelHamiltonKohOrrickRogersSeeborgTigarWhite
Senior Judges
ArmstrongBreyerChesneyContiHendersonIllstonJensenSchwarzerWhyte
Magistrate Judges
BeelerCorleyCousinsGrewalJamesLaPorteLloydRyuSperoVadasWestmoreZimmerman
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
1.1 Vacancy warning level
1.2 Jurisdiction
1.2.1 Cases heard
1.2.2 Case load
1.3 Clerk's office
1.4 History
1.4.1 Court history
1.4.2 Judicial posts
1.4.3 Notable decisions
1.4.4 Federal courthouse
1.4.5 Major news
1.5 See also
1.6 External links
1.7 References
2 Judges

The United States District Court for the Northern District of California is the United States district court whose jurisdiction comprises following counties: Alameda, Contra Costa, Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Marin, Mendocino, Monterey, Napa, San Benito, San Francisco, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, and Sonoma. The court hears cases in its courtrooms in Eureka, Oakland, San Francisco, and San Jose. It is headquartered in San Francisco.

The United States Attorney for the Northern District of California represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current district attorney is Melinda L. Haag .[1]

When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals based in Downtown San Francisco at the James R. Browning Federal Courthouse.

Vacancy warning level

The United States District Court for the Northern District of California's vacancy warning level is currently set at green. The court has no vacancies of its fifteen posts.

Jurisdiction

The Counties of the Northern District of California (click for larger map)

The geographic jurisdiction of the Northern District of California consists of all the following counties in the northern part of the state of California.

There are three court divisions, each covering the following counties:

The Oakland Division, covering Alameda and Contra Costa Counties[2]

The San Francisco Division, covering Del Norte, Humboldt, Lake, Mendocino, Marin, Napa, San Francisco, San Mateo and Sonoma Counties[2]

The San Jose Division, covering Monterey, San Benito, Santa Clara and Santa Cruz Counties[2]

When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals based in Downtown San Francisco at the James R. Browning Federal Courthouse.

Cases heard

The Northern District of California has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.

Case load

Federal Court Case Load Statistics*
YearStarting case load:Cases filed:Total cases:Cases terminated:Remaining cases:Median time(Criminal)**:Median time(Civil)**:3 Year Civil cases#:Vacant posts:## Trials/Post
2012 70398426154657875 75908.56.4476(7.8%)29.716
2011 76657980156458471 71749.48516(8.8%)18.717
2010 89597590165498824 77258.79.8837(12.8%)33.912
2009 92407790170307573 94576.79.41220(15.7%)226
2008 93947468168627595 926711.27.7488(6%)5.96
200781578070162276966926112.36.7393(4.7%)08
*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September.    **Time in months from filing to completion.
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts.    ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
CAN Terminations Filed.jpg CAN Median Times.jpg

Clerk's office

The Northern District of California has four separate courthouses. The Clerk's Office hours for each division are 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding court observed holidays. Please consult the chart below for more information:

Branch Address Phone number
Eureka Division United States Courthouse

514 H Street
Eureka, CA 95501

707-445-3612
Oakland Division Ronald V. Dellums Federal Building

1301 Clay Street
Oakland, CA 94612

510-637-3530
San Francisco Division Phillip Burton Federal Building & United States Courthouse

450 Golden Gate Avenue
San Francisco, CA 94102

415-522-2000
San Jose Division Robert F. Peckham Federal Building

280 South 1st Street
San Jose, CA 95113

408-535-5363
[3]

History

Court history

The Northern District of California was established by Congress on September 28, 1850. Congress had organized California into two judicial districts, the Northern and the Southern, with one judgeship for each court. The district courts were not assigned to a judicial circuit, and thus were granted civil jurisdiction the same as U.S. circuit courts, except in appeals and writs of error, which are the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.

On August 31, 1852 the statute 10 Stat. 76, 84 passed after the death of the Southern District judge, having the Northern District judge serve as the judge for the Southern District.

Statute 10 Stat. 161, 169 passed on February 26, 1853 granting the same criminal jurisdiction that is exercised by other district and circuit courts in California. The statute 10 Stat. 265, passed on January 18, 1854 reauthorizing the judgeship for the Southern District, followed by March 2, 1855's, statute 10 Stat. 631 granting the establishment of the U.S. Circuit Court for the Districts of California and repealing California district courts' authority to exercise the trial jurisdiction of a U.S. circuit court. However, they still continued to exercise appellate jurisdiction in certain cases involving land claims.

March 3, 1863's statute, 12 Stat. 794 then abolished the California Circuit, and established the Tenth Circuit, which consisted of the California and Oregon judicial districts and eliminated the remaining appellate jurisdiction of the district courts of California.

The federal judiciary was organized into nine circuits on July 23, 1866 by statute 14 Stat. 209, and the judicial districts of California were assigned to the Ninth Circuit. This was followed by the statute 14 Stat. 300, which was passed on July 27, 1866, and reorganized California as a single judicial district with one authorized judgeship. Statute 24 Stat. 308 again divided California into the Northern and the Southern districts, with one authorized judgeship for each district on August 5, 1886.

Over time 13 additional judicial posts were added for a total of 14 current posts.[4]

Judicial posts

The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Northern District of California:

Year Statute Total Seats
August 5, 1886 24 Stat. 308 1
March 2, 1907 34 Stat. 1253 2
March 3, 1927 44 Stat. 1372 3
May 31, 1938 52 Stat. 584, 585 4
June 15, 1946 60 Stat. 260 5
August 3, 1949 63 Stat. 493 7
May 19, 1961 75 Stat. 80 9
March 18, 1966 80 Stat. 75 9
June 2, 1970 84 Stat. 294 11
October 20, 1978 92 Stat. 1629 12
December 1, 1990 104 Stat. 5089 14
[4]

Notable cases

For cases in the Northern District of California, see United States District Court for the Northern District of California-Cases.


















Federal courthouse

Four separate courthouses serve the Northern District of California.

See also

External links

References

  1. Offices of the United States Attorneys, Official list
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 United States District Court for the Northern District of California-Jurisdiction Map
  3. Court Clerk Information(Select the appropriate division for info and map)
  4. 4.0 4.1 FJC History of the Northern District of California
  5. Courthouse News Service, "Class Certified in Nissan Brakes Complaint," December 26, 2013
  6. Top Class Actions, "Nissan Brake Defect Class Action Lawsuit Certified," December 27, 2013
  7. Courthouse News Service, "Image-Rights Kerfuffle Heats Up for NCAA," October 29, 2013
  8. USA Today, "NCAA asks judge for O'Bannon case decision without trial," December 13, 2013
  9. Courthouse News Service, "No Pay for College Athletes, NCAA Says," December 16, 2013
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Courthouse News Service, "Federal Judge Rejects NCAA’s Gender Excuse in Class Action," April 15, 2014
  11. Courthouse News Service, "Cop Wins Immunity From Shooting-Death Damages," April 6, 2011
  12. Courthouse News Service, "Order Withdrawn in Cop Immunity Dispute," April 11, 2012
  13. Courthouse News Service, "No Immunity for Cop Who Shot Thief 12 Times," April 3, 2013
  14. Courthouse News Service, "Lawyers Who Nailed Cops on Shooting Win Fees," December 4, 2013
  15. Courthouse News Service, "Fishing Fee Scheme in California Ruled Unfair," October 21, 2013
  16. Courthouse News Service, "Gun Store Can't Sue to Open in 'Sensitive' Area," September 13, 2013
  17. John Teixeira, et al v. County of Alameda, et al, 9th Cir. Case No. 13-17132, filed October 23, 2013
  18. 18.0 18.1 AL.com, "NCAA knew EA Sports video games used real players, e-mails from Ed O'Bannon lawsuit show," November 12, 2012
  19. Associated Press Retired NFL players seek to join EA lawsuit, September 28, 2009
  20. The Canadian Press "U.S. federal judge OK's former UCLA player's lawsuit against the NCAA," February 9, 2010
  21. Lexology, "Keller v. Electronic Arts Inc.," August 9, 2013
  22. Courthouse News Service, "Gay California Couples Advance in Benefits Suit," 1/30/2012
  23. Equality on Trial, "DOMA: Federal defendants appeal Dragovich v. US Dept. of Treasury to Ninth Circuit," July 24, 2012
  24. 24.0 24.1 San Francisco Chronicle," "Federal judge taking long look at Prop. 8," July 1, 2009
  25. Los Angeles Times, "Preliminary injunction to block Proposition 8 is unlikely," July 1, 2009
  26. 26.0 26.1 "San Jose Mercury News" Federal judge fast-tracks lawsuit seeking to overturn same-sex marriage ban, July 2, 2009
  27. "San Francisco Chronicle" Federal judge reviews arguments in Prop. 8 case, August 16, 2009
  28. "San Francisco Chronicle" Judge to Prop. 8 backers: Turn over your papers, October 3, 2009
  29. "San Jose Mercury News" Proposition 8 case headed back to court, October 11, 2009
  30. "CBS 5" Federal judge declines to dismiss Proposition 8 Lawsuit, October 14, 2009
  31. "San Francisco Chronicle" Judge denies Prop. 8 backers delay on memos, October 26, 2009
  32. Gavel Grab, "Judge Overturns CA Gay Marriage Ban," August 4, 2010
  33. Bloomberg, "California Same-Sex Marriage Opponents Say Gay Judge Erred in Taking Case," April 25, 2011
  34. LA Times Blog, "Prop. 8: Gay-marriage ban unconstitutional, court rules" 2/7/2012
  35. Dallas Voice, "Court won’t release videos from Prop 8 trial," 2/3/2012
  36. 36.0 36.1 "San Francisco Chronicle" UC computer research center plan delayed, August 18, 2009
  37. Law360, "DOE Beats Enviros' Challenge Of Berkeley Research Facility," November 14, 2011
  38. BusinessWeek "Samsung, Sharp Must Face Class-Action Antitrust Suit," March 29, 2010
  39. Milwaukee Journal-Sentinel, "Price-fixing settlement means cash payouts to purchasers of LCD monitors," October 23, 2012
  40. BusinessWeek "Facebook wins approval to create privacy group," March 17, 2010
  41. New York Times "Judge Rejects Approval of Biotech Sugar Beets," September 22, 2009
  42. The New York Times, "Judge Revokes Approval of Modified Sugar Beets," August 13, 2010
  43. "DailyCal" Judge Denies FBI Dismissal From Berkeley Raid Lawsuit, December 2, 2009
  44. "San Jose Mercury News" Federal judge halts IHSS cuts, October 20, 2009
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 "San Francisco Chronicle" Judge says state thwarting in-home care ruling, July 14, 2009
  46. Sacramento Bee "Governor blames budget woes on judges 'going absolutely crazy'," October 22, 2009
  47. "San Francisco Chronicle" Judge bans promotion of lending scheme, November 25, 2009
  48. "USDC-Northern California," USA v. Bonds, February 10, 2009
  49. "BBC America" Barry Bonds Charged, November 16, 2007
  50. "USDC-Northern California," USA v. Bonds, February 10, 2009
  51. ESPN.com, "Barry Bonds found guilty of obstruction," April 14, 2011
  52. "LA Times" Judge rejects U.S. management plan for California desert, September 30, 2009

Northern District of California
Ninth Circuit
Fedbadgesmall.png
Chief:Claudia WilkenJudges:15
Posts:15Vacancies:0
Active judges
AlsupChenChhabriaDavilaDonatoFreemanFogelHamiltonKohOrrickRogersSeeborgTigarWhite
Senior Judges
ArmstrongBreyerChesneyContiHendersonIllstonJensenSchwarzerWhyte
Magistrate Judges
BeelerCorleyCousinsGrewalJamesLaPorteLloydRyuSperoVadasWestmoreZimmerman
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
2 Judges
2.1 Active Judges
2.1.1 Article III judges
2.1.2 Pending appointments
2.1.3 Senior judges
2.2 Past judges
2.2.1 Former Chief judges
2.2.2 Former judges

Since the court was established, 19 Article III federal judges have served on it.[1]

Active judges

Article III judges

JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveChiefPreceededBachelorsLaw
Judge William Alsup1945Jackson, MSClinton 8/17/1999 - PresentThelton HendersonMississippi State U., B.S., 1967Harvard U., J.D., 1971
Judge Jeremy Fogel1949San Francisco, CAClinton 3/17/1998 - PresentRobert AguilarStanford U., B.A., 1971Harvard Law School, J.D., 1974
Judge Phyllis Hamilton1952Jacksonville, ILClinton 5/25/2000 - PresentNew Seat|104 Stat. 5089Stanford U., B.A., 1974Santa Clara U. School of Law, J.D., 1976
Chief Judge Claudia Wilken1949Minneapolis, MNClinton 11/22/1993 - Present8/31/2012 - PresentNew Seat|104 Stat. 5089Stanford U., B.A., 1971U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1975
Judge Richard Seeborg1956Landstuhl, GermanyObama 1/4/2010 - PresentMaxine ChesneyYale College, B.A., 1978Columbia U. School of Law, J.D., 1981
Judge Edward Chen1953Oakland, CAObama 5/12/2011 - PresentMartin JenkinsU. of California, Berkeley, A.B., 1975U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1979
Judge Jeffrey White1945New York, NYW. Bush 11/15/2002 - PresentCharles LeggeQueens College of City U. of New York, B.A., 1967State U. of New York, J.D., 1970
Judge Beth Labson Freeman1953Redwood City, CaliforniaObama 2014-PresentUC Berkeley, 1976Harvard Law, 1979
Judge Edward J. Davila1952Palo Alto, CAObama 3/3/2011 - PresentMarilyn PatelCalifornia State U., San Diego, B.A., 1976U. of California Law, J.D., 1979
Judge Lucy H. Koh1968Washington, DCObama 6/9/2010 - PresentRonald WhyteHarvard U., B.A., 1990Harvard Law School, J.D., 1993
Judge Yvonne Gonzalez Rogers1965Houston, TXObama 11/15/2011-PresentPrinceton U., A.B., 1987U. of Texas Law, J.D., 1991
Judge Jon S. Tigar1962London, EnglandObama 12/21/2012 - PresentSaundra ArmstrongWilliams College, B.A., 1984U. of California, Berkeley Law, J.D., 1989
Judge William Orrick III1953San Francisco, CAObama 5/15/2013 - PresentCharles BreyerYale, B.A., 1976Boston College Law, J.D., 1979
Judge James Donato1960San Francisco, CaliforniaObama 2/25/2014-PresentJames WareU. of California at Berkeley, B.A., 1983Stanford Law, J.D. 1988
Judge Vince Girdhari Chhabria1969Corte Madera, CaliforniaObama 3/5/2014-PresentSusan IllstonU. of California, Santa Cruz, B.A., 1991U. of California, Berkeley Law, J.D., 1998


Pending appointments

There are no current pending appointments for the United States District Court for the Northern District of California.


Senior judges

JudgeAppointed byActiveChiefSeniorBachelorsLaw
Senior Judge Thelton HendersonCarter 6/30/1980 - 11/28/19981990 - 1997U. of California, Berkeley, B.A., 1956U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1962
Senior Judge William SchwarzerFord 7/23/1976 - 4/30/19914/30/1991 - PresentU. of Southern California, A.B., 1948Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1951
Senior Judge Saundra ArmstrongH.W. Bush 6/18/1991 - 3/23/20123/23/2012 - PresentCalifornia State U., Fresno, B.A., 1969U. of San Francisco School of Law, J.D., 1977
Senior Judge Charles BreyerClinton 11/12/1997 - 12/31/201112/31/2011 - PresentHarvard College, A.B., 1963U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1966
Senior Judge Maxine ChesneyClinton 5/10/1995 - 6/30/20096/30/2009 - PresentU. of California, Berkeley, B.A., 1964U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, J.D., 1967
Senior Judge Susan IllstonClinton 5/26/1995 - 7/1/20137/1/2013 - PresentDuke U., B.A., 1970Stanford Law School, J.D., 1973
Senior Judge Ronald WhyteH.W. Bush 2/10/1992 - 3/2/20093/2/2009 - PresentWesleyan U., A.B., 1964U. of Southern California Law School, J.D., 1967
Senior Judge Delwen JensenReagan 6/25/1986 - 6/27/19976/27/1997 - PresentU. of California, Berkeley, A.B., 1949U. of California, Berkeley, Boalt Hall School of Law, LL.B., 1952
Senior Judge Samuel Conti 10/16/1970 - 11/1/198711/1/1987 - PresentU. of Santa Clara, B.S., 1945Stanford Law School, LL.B., 1948


Magistrate judges

JudgeActiveBachelorsLaw
Magistrate Judge Bernard Zimmerman11/21/1995 - PresentUniversity of Rochester, A.B., 1967University of Chicago, J.D., 1970
Magistrate Judge Joseph Spero3/13/1999 - PresentGrinnell College, B.A., 1977Columbia University, J.D., 1981
Magistrate Judge Howard Lloyd06/04/2002 - PresentCollege of William and Mary, B.A., 1963U. of Michigan Law School, J.D., 1968
Magistrate Judge Elizabeth LaPorte4/4/1998 - PresentPrinceton University, B.A., 1975Yale Law School, J.D., 1982
Magistrate Judge Maria-Elena James10/11/1994 - PresentU. of California at Irvine, B.A, 1975U. of San Francisco Law, J.D., 1978
Magistrate Judge Paul S. Grewal2010 - PresentMassachusetts Institute of Technology, 1993U. of Chicago, J.D., 1996
Magistrate Judge Kandis Westmore2011 - PresentU. of California, Berkeley, B.A., 1989U. of San Francisco Law, J.D., 1997
Magistrate Judge Laurel Beeler01/04/2010 - PresentBowdoin College, A.B.U. of Washington Law, J.D.
Magistrate Judge Jacqueline Scott Corley05/18/2011 - PresentU. of California, BerkeleyHarvard Law
Magistrate Judge Nathanael Cousins07/05/2011 - PresentStanfordU. of California, Hastings, J.D.
Magistrate Judge Donna Ryu03/01/2010 - PresentYale, B.A., 1982U. of California, Berkeley, J.D., 1986
Magistrate Judge Nandor Vadas11/05/2009 - PresentU. of California, Santa Cruz, B.A., 1974U. of California, Hastings, J.D., 1978


Past judges

Former Chief judges

Former Chief JudgesTerm
Robert Peckham1976 - 1988
William Ingram1988 - 1990
George Harris1961 - 1970
Louis Goodman1958 - 1961
Oliver Carter1970 - 1976
Michael Joseph Roche1948 - 1958
James Ware2011 - 2012
Marilyn Patel1997 - 2004
Thelton Henderson1990 - 1997
Vaughn Walker2004 - 2010

In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[2][3]



Former judges

CaliforniaCalifornia Supreme CourtCalifornia Courts of AppealCalifornia Superior CourtsUnited States District Court for the Central District of CaliforniaUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of CaliforniaUnited States District Court for the Northern District of CaliforniaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of CaliforniaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Ninth CircuitCalifornia countiesCalifornia judicial newsCalifornia judicial electionsJudicial selection in CaliforniaCaliforniaTemplatewithoutBankruptcy.jpg

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