United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee
- 1 Vacancy warning level
- 2 Active judges
- 3 Jurisdiction
- 4 Caseloads
- 5 Notable cases
- 6 History
- 7 Federal courthouse
- 8 See also
- 9 External links
- 10 References
The United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee is one of ninety-four United States district courts. The Western Division's main office is in Memphis, Tennessee. When decisions of the court are appealed, they are appealed to the Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals based in downtown Cincinnati at the Potter A. Stewart Federal Courthouse and Building.
The United States Attorney for the Western District of Tennessee represents the United States in civil and criminal litigation in the court. The current district attorney is Edward L. Stanton, III.
Vacancy warning level
There are no pending nominations for the United States District Court for the Western District of Tennessee.
Article III judges
|Judge Samuel Mays||1948||Memphis, TN||W. Bush||5/10/2002 - Present||Jerome Turner||Amherst College, B.A., 1970||Yale U. School of Law, J.D., 1973|
|Chief Judge Daniel Breen||1950||Jackson, TN||W. Bush||3/14/2003 - Present||8/24/2013 - Present||Julia Gibbons||Spring Hill College, B.A., 1972||University of Tennessee, J.D., 1975|
|Judge Stanley Anderson||1953||Lexington, TN||W. Bush||5/21/2008 - Present||James D. Todd||University of Tennessee, B.S., 1976||University of Memphis School of Law, J.D., 1980|
|Judge John T. Fowlkes||Obama||7/10/2012-Present||Bernice Donald||Valparaiso University, B.A., 1975||University of Denver, J.D., 1977|
|Judge Sheryl H. Lipman||1963||Memphis, Tennessee||Obama||5/1/2014-Present||Jon McCalla||University of Michigan 1984||New York U. Law, 1987|
Active Article III judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of active judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Senior Judge Jon McCalla||H.W. Bush||2/10/1992 - 8/23/2013||2008 - 2013||8/23/2013 - Present||University of Tennessee, B.S., 1969||Vanderbilt U. Law School, J.D., 1974|
|Senior Judge James D. Todd||Reagan||7/11/1985 - 5/20/2008||2001 - 2007||5/20/2008 - Present||Lambuth College, B.S., 1965||University of Mississippi, Master of Combined Sciences, 1968|
Senior judges by appointing political party
This graph displays the percent of senior judges by the party of the appointing president and does not reflect how a judge may rule on specific cases or their own political preferences.
|Magistrate Judge Diane Vescovo||06/15/1995 - Present||University of Virginia, B.A., 1977||University of Memphis Law, J.D., 1980|
|Magistrate Judge Tu Pham||04/21/2003 - Present||Tulane U., B.A., 1993||University of Illinois Law, J.D., 1996|
|Magistrate Judge Edward Bryant||12/15/2008 - Present||University of Mississippi||University of Mississippi|
|Magistrate Judge Charmiane Claxton|
The Western District of Tennessee has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
There are two court divisions, each covering the following counties:
Court locations for the Western District are located in Memphis, Jackson and Dyersburg, Tennessee.
|Federal Court Caseload Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Justia.com-Dockets and Filings-Western District of Tennessee.
The State of Tennessee was organized as a single judicial district with one judgeship on January 31, 1797. This judicial district was not yet assigned to a judicial circuit, and therefore was granted that same jurisdiction as the United States circuit courts, excluding in appeals and writs of error which are the jurisdiction of the Supreme Court.
The Judiciary Act of 1801 removed the district court in Tennessee and then authorized the United States Circuit Court for the Sixth Circuit to hold court in the Eastern District of Tennessee and the Western District of Tennessee. The full jurisdiction of the district and circuit courts was applied to these districts.
The Judiciary Act of 1801 was repealed on March 8, 1802, and thus restored the judicial organization that had remained in effect before 1801. This reestablished the U.S. District Court for the District of Tennessee, with circuit court trial jurisdiction.
On April 29, 1802, Statute 2 Stat. 165 divided the State of Tennessee into the Eastern District of Tennessee and the Western District of Tennessee. One judgeship was assigned to each of the districts.
The act on February 24, 1807 repealed the circuit court jurisdiction of the U.S. District Courts for the Eastern District of Tennessee and the Western District of Tennessee. The districts were assigned to the Seventh Circuit and a United States Circuit Court of the District of Tennessee was established.
Congress assigned the judicial districts of Tennessee to the Eighth Circuit on March 3, 1837. The Middle District of Tennessee was established on June 18, 1839 and the existing judgeship was made to serve all three judicial districts.
On July 15, 1862, Congress assigned the judicial districts of Tennessee to the Sixth Circuit. Over time four additional judicial posts were added to the Western District of Tennessee for a total of five current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Western District of Tennessee:
|April 29, 1802||2 Stat. 165||1|
|June 14, 1878||20 Stat. 132||1|
|May 19, 1961||75 Stat. 80||2|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||3|
|July 10, 1984||98 Stat. 333||4|
|December 1, 1990||104 Stat. 5089||5|
Former chief judges
In order to qualify for the office of chief judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as chief judge. A vacancy in the office of chief judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The chief judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a chief judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.
For more information on the judges of the Western District of Tennessee, see former federal judges for the Western District of Tennessee.
Two separate courthouses serve the Western District of Tennessee.
- United States District Court for the District of Western Tenneesee
- United States Attorney's Office for the Western District of Tennessee
- Judges of the Western District of Tennessee
- Opinions of the Western District of Tennessee
|Magistrate judges||Diane Vescovo • Tu Pham • Edward Bryant • Charmiane Claxton •|
|Former Article III judges||
Bernice Donald • John McNairy • Morgan Welles Brown • Julia Gibbons • Harry Wellford • West Hughes Humphreys • Connally Findlay Trigg • Eli Shelby Hammond • John Ethridge McCall • John William Ross • Harry Bennett Anderson • John Donelson Martin • Marion Boyd • Bailey Brown • Odell Horton • Robert McRae • Jerome Turner (Tennessee) •
|Former Chief judges|