Read this week's JP Election Brief:
Top judicial races for election day


Warren Burger

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Warren Burger
Warren e burger photo.jpeg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Chief Justice
Position:   Seat #1
Service:
Appointed by:   Richard Nixon
Active:   6/23/1969-9/26/1986
Chief:   6/23/1969-9/26/1986
Senior:   9/26/1986-6/25/1995
Preceded by:   Earl Warren
Succeeded by:   William Rehnquist
Past post:   D.C. Circuit
Past term:   3/29/1956-6/23/1969
Personal History
Born:   September 17, 1907
Hometown:   St. Paul, MN
Deceased:   June 25, 1995
Law School:   St. Paul College of Law, 1931

Warren Earl Burger (1907-1995) was the fifteenth Chief Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He joined the court in 1969 after a nomination from President Richard Nixon. Burger assumed senior status on September 26, 1986. His service ended with his death on June 25, 1996. Prior to joining the Supreme Court, Burger served on the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit.[1]

Education

Burger received his LL.B. from St. Paul College of Law in 1931.[1]

Professional career

  • 1953-1956: Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Civil Litigation Division, United States Department of Justice
  • 1931-1948: Instructor in contracts and trusts, St. Paul College of Law
  • 1931-1953: Attorney in private practice, St. Paul, Minnesota[1]

Federal judicial career

Supreme Court

Burger was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Richard Nixon on May 23, 1969. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 9, 1969, and received his commission on June 23, 1969. Warren assumed senior status on September 26, 1986. Burger service ended with his death on June 25, 1996.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Chief Justice William Rehnquist.

District of Columbia Court of Appeals

Burger was nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit by Dwight Eisenhower on January 12, 1956. He was confirmed by the Senate on March 28, 1956, and received his commission on March 29th. His service ended on June 23, 1969 with his nomination to the Supreme Court.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Malcolm Wilkey.

Notable cases

Details
Author: Warren Burger

Vote Count: 9-0

Majority Justices: Black, Douglas, Harlan, Brennan, Stewart, White, Marshall, Blackmun


Modes of integration needed examination (1971)

Despite the decision in Brown v. Board of Education, desegregation of public schools across the nation was occurring at different speeds. In Charlotte-Mecklenburg, North Caroilna, black students were still attending schools where the majority of students were of the same race. On April 20, 1971, the Supreme Court ruled unanimously that desegregation plans should be judged based on their effectiveness by examining ratios of students. This decision also found that predominantly black schools needed to be held under close scrutiny, that interim schools set up were within court scrutiny, and that no strict guidelines could be used to determine busing.[2]
Details
Author: Warren Burger

Vote Count: 8-0

Majority Justices: Brennan, Stewart, Marshall, Blackmun

Concurring Justices: Douglas, White


The Government cannot use surveillance without a warrant (1972)

The United States government used wiretapping and electronic surveillance to monitor three people they thought were conspiring to destroy government property and to bomb the Central Intelligence Agency. As part of this surveillance, they recorded conversations of the suspects. The government did all of this, however, without a warrant. On June 19, 1972, the Supreme Court found this was a violation of the suspects' Fourth Amendment rights. Despite issues of domestic security involved, the government still needed to obtain a warrant. The Supreme Court's decision was influenced by the idea that surveillance of this kind without a warrant could be abused.[3]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Harold Montelle Stephens
DC Circuit Court of Appeals
1956–1969
Succeeded by:
Malcolm Wilkey
Preceded by:
Earl Warren
Supreme Court
1969–1986
Seat #1
Succeeded by:
William Rehnquist