Judicial selection in Alabama is primarily done through partisan elections. The exception are the municipal judges, who are appointed by the governing body of the municipality. If a vacancy occurs mid-term, the Governor will appoint a new judge to fill the vacancy until the next general election.
Judicial elections in Alabama consist of a partisan primary and general election. After the primary, the candidates who received the majority of votes from each party compete against each other for the judgeship. If no candidate in a primary race receives over 50% of the vote, a runoff election will determine who advances to the general election.