Brian Jackson

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Brian Jackson
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Current Court Information:
United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana
Title:   Chief Judge
Position:   Seat #1
Station:   Baton Rouge, LA
Service:
Appointed by:   Barack Obama
Active:   06/15/2010 - Present
Chief:   2011 - Present
Preceded by:   Frank Polozola
Personal History
Born:   1960
Hometown:   New Orleans, LA
Undergraduate:   Xavier U., 1982
Law School:   Southern U. Law, 1985
Grad. School:   Georgetown U. Law, LL.M., 2000

Brian Anthony Jackson is the Chief Judge on the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana. Jackson was nominated to the court by President Barack Obama in October of 2009. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 15, 2010.[1]

Early life and education

Jackson earned his B.S. in 1982 from Xavier University of Louisiana, his J.D. in 1985 from Southern University, and his L.L.M. in 2000 from Georgetown University.[2]

Professional career

  • 2002-2010: Private Practice, New Orleans, Louisiana
  • 1998-1999: Associate Deputy Attorney General, U.S. Department of Justice
  • 1994-2002: First Assistant U.S. Attorney, Middle District of Louisiana
  • 2001: Interim U.S. Attorney
  • 1992-1994: Assistant Director, Evaluation and Review of Staff, Executive Office for U.S. Attorneys, U.S. Department of Justice
  • 1988-1992: Special Assistant U.S. Attorney, Eastern District of Louisiana
  • 1990: Assistant U.S. Attorney
  • 1985-1988: Immigration and Naturalization Service, U.S. Department of Justice
  • 1987-1988: Assistant General Counsel
  • 1985-1987: General Attorney, Los Angeles District Office[2][1]

Judicial career

Middle District of Louisiana

Nomination Tracker
 Candidate:Middle District of Louisiana
 Court:Brian Jackson
 Progress:Confirmed 229 days after nomination.
ApprovedANominated:October 29, 2009
ApprovedAABA Rating:Unanimously Well Qualified
ApprovedAQuestionnaire:Questionnaire
ApprovedAHearing:February 24, 2010
DefeatedDQFRs:
ApprovedAReported:March 18, 2010 
ApprovedAConfirmed:June 15, 2010
 Vote: 96-0

Jackson was nominated for a seat on the United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana by President Obama on October 29, 2009.[2][3] His nomination was sent to the Senate, which had final approval over it.[4]

He received a unanimous rating of Well Qualified from the American Bar Association.

Jackson was recommended to the President by Senator Mary L. Landrieu (D-LA), who called him an "exemplary public servant with a distinguished record as an attorney and prosecutor".[5]

Judiciary Committee hearing

Jackson's Public Questionnaire Available Here

Jackson had a hearing before the Senate Judiciary Committee on February 24, 2010. Only two of the committee's 19 members were present, and only Jeff Sessions asked a question. Sessions questioned Jackson on his opinion of federal sentencing guidelines. Jackson replied saying that, "they are absolutely essential to the system,"[6]

Senate confirmation

On June 15, 2010, Jackson was confirmed by the Senate.[7]

Notable cases

Louisiana's death row inmates subjected to inhumane conditions (2013)

     United States District Court for the Middle District of Louisiana (Ball, et al v. LeBlanc, et al, 13-00368-BAJ-SCR)

On December 19, 2013, Chief Judge Jackson ruled that death row inmates' constitutional rights at the Louisiana State Penitentiary were being violated because of their inhumane treatment, which rose to the level of cruel and unusual punishment. In the underlying case, three inmates filed suit in June 2013, alleging that they were forced to endure extreme conditions in their cells during the summers when temperatures rose to more than 100 degrees. The prison's death row is the only area of the facility that is not air-conditioned. One week after filing suit, the plaintiffs filed a motion for a preliminary injunction to keep the temperatures at a reasonable level. The court instituted a monitoring period, and during that time, a prison official attempted to manipulate the temperatures to make it seem cooler than it actually was. Aside from that occasion, prison guards reportedly acted with "deliberate indifference" to the prisoners' plight. Jackson found the inmates' allegations of cruelty to be substantial enough to rise to the level of an Eighth Amendment violation, and ordered that officials at the Penitentiary develop a plan to reduce the heat in the death row cells to a temperature of 88 degrees or below. He further ordered that death row prisoners be afforded one cold shower per day and access to ice and cold drinking water throughout the day, noting that "financial considerations [would] not be considered a legitimate reason for Defendants’ failure to comply with [his] order," because their "purported financial hardships 'can never be an adequate justification for depriving any person of his constitutional rights.'" Jackson further ruled that his order applied to all death row inmates, not just the ones who brought suit. Prison officials indicated that they would likely appeal the ruling to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.[8][9]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Frank Polozola
Middle District of Louisiana
2010–Current
Seat #1
Succeeded by:
NA


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