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Carol Jackson

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Carol Jackson
Current Court Information:
United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
Title:   Judge
Position:   Seat #7
Appointed by:   George H.W. Bush
Active:   8/17/1992-Present
Chief:   2002-2009
Preceded by:   William Hungate
Past post:   Magistrate judge, U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri
Past term:   1986-1992
Personal History
Born:   1952
Hometown:   St. Louis, MO
Undergraduate:   Wellesley College, 1973
Law School:   University of Michigan Law School, 1976

Carol Jackson is an Article III federal judge for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Missouri. She joined the court in 1992 after being nominated by President George H.W. Bush. Jackson served as the chief judge of the court from 2002 to 2009.[1]


Jackson received her undergraduate degree from Wellesley College in 1973 and her J.D. degree from the University of Michigan Law School in 1976.[1]

Professional career

Jackson spent her legal career as a practicing attorney, first in private practice in the State of Missouri from 1976 to 1983. Next, she became a senior attorney for Mallinckrodt, Inc., in St. Louis from 1983 to 1985. Jackson also served as an adjunct professor at the Washington University School of Law in St. Louis from 1989 to 1992.[1]

Judicial career

Eastern District of Missouri

Federal magistrate judge

Jackson's judicial career began with her appointment as a federal magistrate judge in the Eastern District of Missouri. She was appointed in 1986 and served until 1992.[1]

District Court judge

On the unanimous recommendation of Senators John Danforth and Christopher Bond, Jackson was nominated by President George H.W. Bush on April 1, 1992, to a seat vacated by Judge William Hungate. Jackson was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on August 12, 1992, and received commission on August 17, 1992.[1]

In the news

On December 11, 2014, Jackson granted a temporary restraining order to demonstrators protesting the shooting of Michael Brown by police officer Darren Wilson on August 9, 2014, in Ferguson, Missouri.[2] The ruling stems from a lawsuit filed by protesters to address the security measures established by Governor Jay Nixon in his Executive Order 14-14 instituted to "protect civil rights and ensure public safety in the City of Ferguson and the St. Louis region."[3]

Protesters argued in the suit that tear gas was used against them without any warning. The temporary restraining order requires that police warn crowds before the use of tear gas or any other chemical agents and allow them a "reasonable" amount of time to disperse and avoid injury before deploying any chemical agent. Jackson's order did not define what a "reasonable" time period may be, leaving that determination up to the police.[2]

Thomas Harvey, an attorney for the protesters, expressed his approval with the order stating: "We were simply asking the judge to require police to make it possible for law-abiding citizens to comply with their order to disperse and give them time to exit the area prior to tear gas being deployed. They need to separate criminals from protesters and she made the distinction very clear."[2]

See also

External links


Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
William Hungate
Eastern District of Missouri
Seat #7
Succeeded by:

MissouriMissouri Supreme CourtMissouri Court of AppealsMissouri Circuit CourtsMissouri Municipal CourtsUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of MissouriUnited States District Court for the Western District of MissouriUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of MissouriUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of MissouriUnited States Court of Appeals for the Eighth CircuitMissouri countiesMissouri judicial newsMissouri judicial electionsJudicial selection in MissouriMissouriTemplate.jpg