District of Columbia Court of Appeals
The District of Columbia Court of Appeals is the court of last resort in Washington, D.C. The Court is the highest court in the District of Columbia and was established by Congress in 1970. The court is comprised of a chief judge and eight associate judges. In addition, retired judges serve the court who have been approved as Senior judges.
The D.C. Court of Appeals is the equivalent of a state supreme court. As the court of last resort for the District of Columbia, the Court of Appeals reviews all final orders, judgments and specified interlocutory orders of the Superior Court of the District of Columbia. The Court also has jurisdiction to review decisions of administrative agencies, boards, and commissions of the District of Columbia, as well as to answer questions of law certified by federal and state appellate courts. The Court reviews proposed rules of the District's Superior Court and its own rules.
Cases before the court are heard by randomly selected, three-judge panels, unless a hearing before the court sitting en banc is requested and ordered. A hearing or rehearing before the Court en banc may be ordered by a majority of the judges in regular active service, generally only when consideration by the full court is necessary to maintain uniformity of its decisions, or when the case involves a question of exceptional importance.
In the exercise of its jurisdiction over members of the legal profession, the Court created the District of Columbia Bar and possesses the power to approve the rules regarding attorney discipline. The Court approves rules regarding attorney conduct and has established rules governing the admission of members of the District of Columbia Bar and the resolution of complaints concerning the unauthorized practice of law in the District of Columbia