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Earl Warren

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Earl Warren
EarlWarren.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Chief Justice
Position:   Seat #1
Service:
Appointed by:   Dwight D. Eisenhower
Active:   3/20/1954-6/23/1969
Senior:   6/23/1969-7/9/1974
Preceded by:   Frederick Vinson
Succeeded by:   Warren Burger
Personal History
Born:   March 19, 1891
Hometown:   Los Angeles, CA
Deceased:   July 9, 1974
Undergraduate:   UC Berkeley, 1912
Law School:   UCBerkeley Law, 1914
Military service:   U.S. Army, 1917-1918

Earl Warren (1891-1974) is the fourteenth Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated as Chief Justice by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on September 30, 1953. Warren assumed senior status on June 23, 1969, and his service ended with his death on July 9, 1974. At the time of appointment, he was the Governor of California.[1]

Warren was one of five nominations President Eisenhower made to the Supreme Court. [2]

Early life and education

Warren received his undergraduate degree from the University of California, Berkeley in 1912 and his J.D. from its Boalt Hall School of Law in 1914.[1]

Military service

Warren served as a First Lieutenant in the United States Army from 1917 to 1918.[1]

Professional career

Ran with Presidential candidate Thomas Dewey and was defeated by Harry Truman, receiving 35.6% of the vote.[3]
  • 1938-1942: Attorney General of California
  • 1925-1938: District Attorney, Alameda County
  • 1923-1925: Chief deputy district attorney, Alameda County
  • 1920-1923: Deputy district attorney, Alameda County
  • 1919-1920: Deputy city attorney, City of Oakland
  • 1919: Clerk, Assembly Judiciary Committee, California Legislature
  • 1914-1917: Attorney, private practice[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Warren received a recess appointment to the Supreme Court from Dwight D. Eisenhower on October 2, 1953, to fill the vacancy left by Frederick Vinson. He was nominated on January 11, 1954, confirmed by the Senate on March 1, 1954, and received his commission on March 20, 1954. Warren assumed senior status on June 23, 1969, and his service ended with his death on July 9, 1974.[1] He was succeeded to the post of Chief Justice by Warren Burger.

Notable cases

Details
Author: Earl Warren

Vote Count: 9-0

Majority Justices: Black, Reed, Frankfurter, Douglas, Jackson, Burton, Clark, Minton

Brown v. Board of Education (1954)

In a continuation of the trial heard by The Vinson Court, the conflict of whether or not "separate but equal" was constitutional was finally decided. When Oliver Brown, an African American, tried to enroll his daughter into a white school in Kansas, he was denied. His case was eventually brought before the Supreme Court with other cases of similar issue. Warren's Court unanimously decided that it was unconstitutional to provide separate facilities for educating African Americans.[4]
Details
Author: Earl Warren

Vote Count: 8-1

Majority Justices: Black, Douglas, Clark, Brennan, Stewart, White, Goldberg

Dissenting Justice: Harlan

Equal representation for all citizens (1964)

The Alabama Constitution allotted for at least one representative and as many senatorial districts as there were senators. In 1961, Sims and other voters challenged this setup. The Court ruled in favor of Sims because the Equal Protection Clause stated citizens were entitled to "no less than substantially equal state legislative representation for all citizens...." Furthermore, states should attempt to establish districts of nearly equal population.[5]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Frederick Vinson
Supreme Court
1954–1974
Seat #1
Succeeded by:
Warren Burger