George Sutherland

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George Sutherland
Justice George Sutherland 5.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Justice
Service:
Appointed by:   Warren Harding
Active:   1922-1938
Senior:   1938-1942
Past post:   John Hessin Clarke
Personal History
Law School:   University of Michigan Law School

George Sutherland (1862-1942) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated by President Warren Harding on September 5, 1922 to replace Justice John Hessin Clarke. On January 17, 1938, Sutherland assumed senior status and served until his death on July 18, 1942.[1]

Sutherland was one of four justices nominated by President Harding to the Supreme Court. Sutherland served during The Taft Court and The Hughes Court.[2]

Education

Sutherland received his law degree from the University of Michigan Law School.[1]

Professional career

  • 1917-1922: Attorney in private practice, Washington, D.C.
  • 1916: Candidate for the United States Senate from Utah
  • 1905-1917: United States Senator from Utah
  • 1901-1902: United States Representative from Utah
  • 1897-1901: Member, Utah State Senate
  • 1893-1901: Attorney in private practice, Salt Lake City
  • 1883-1893: Attorney in private practice, Provo, Utah[1]

Notable cases

Details
Author: George Sutherland

Vote Count: 5-3

Majority Justices: McKenna, Van Devanter, McReynolds, Butler

Minority Justices: Taft, Holmes, Sanford

Minimum wage deemed unconstitutional (1923)

In 1918, Congress established a law to ensure that women working “in a place where food is served” would receive no less than $16.50 a week and those working “in a laundry” would receive no less than $15.00 per week. Children’s Hospital employed many women at lower rates, so they sued as a result. In a 5-3 vote, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of Children’s Hospital. Their decision cited Lochner v. New York (1905) and addressed the law’s violation of the Fifth Amendment’s Due Process Clause and the ability to privately bargain. The Court also argued that this gave special preference to women.[3]

See also

External links

References

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Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
John Hessin Clarke
Supreme Court
1922–1942
Succeeded by:
Stanley Reed