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Indiana Court of Appeals

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The Indiana Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court for Indiana. It is the successor to the Indiana Appellate Court.[1]


Indiana Court of Appeals
Court information
Judges:   15
Founded:   1891
Location:   Indianapolis, Indiana
Salary:   $[2]
Judicial selection
Method:   Commission-selection, political appointment
Term:   10 years


JudgeTermAppointed by
Judge Mark Bailey1998-2020
Judge John Baker (Indiana)1989-2022
Judge Nancy Vaidik2000-2022
Chief Judge Margret Robb1998-2020
Judge Elaine Brown2008-2020
Judge Patricia A. Riley1994-2016Gov. Evan Bayh
Judge Melissa May1998-2020Gov. Frank O'Bannon
Judge Paul Mathias2002-2022
Judge Terry Crone2004-2016
Judge Michael Barnes2000-2022
Judge James Kirsch1994-2016
Judge Ezra Friedlander1993-8/31/2015Gov. Evan Bayh
Judge Cale Bradford2007-2020Gov. Mitch Daniels
Judge Edward Najam1992-2016Gov. Evan Bayh
Judge Rudolph Pyle III2012-12/31/2024Gov. Mitch Daniels


Court of Appeals judges serve 10 year terms after retention election by the voters of their district. This retention election is held on the general election that occurs two years after their appointment.[3] The mandatory age of retirement is 75.[4]

Judicial selection

The 15 members of the Indiana Court of Appeals represent five state districts:

  • Three members come from the 1st District, which encompasses the southern third of the state;
  • three come from the 2nd District, the middle third; and
  • three come from the 3rd District, the northern third of Indiana.

Judges in the 1st, 2nd and 3rd districts stand for retention only in their districts. The judges representing the 4th and 5th districts stand for statewide retention elections.


Mark BaileyJames KirschEdward NajamJohn BakerEzra FriedlanderNancy VaidikCarr DardenElaine BrownTerry CroneMelissa MayPaul MathiasMargret RobbPatricia A. RileyMichael BarnesCale Bradford667 × 324px
Indiana Court of Appeals Judges, from left to right, top row: Elaine Brown, Terry Crone, Melissa May, Paul Mathias, Margret Robb, Margret Robb, Michael Barnes, and Cale Bradford bottom row: Mark Bailey, James Kirsch, Edward Najam, John Baker, Ezra Friedlander, Nancy Vaidik, and Carr Darden

The Court of Appeals hears appeals from the Indiana trial courts. It also handles appeals from some state government agencies, such as the Worker's Compensation Board, Department of Workforce Development, and Utility Regulatory Commission.

History of the court

The Indiana Appellate Court was created by the Indiana General Assembly by statute in 1891. It was originally created to be a temporary appellate court to handle overflow cases from the Indiana Supreme Court. The Appellate Court was not intended to be a permanent institution; the original statute specified that it would only exist for six years. But in 1897, the General Assembly voted to keep the court for another four years (due to the Supreme Court's increasing caseload), and then voted to make it permanent in 1901. It was at this point that the court began its function as an intermediate appellate court.

In 1970, the Constitution of Indiana was amended to create the current Indiana Court of Appeals. The court began hearing cases on January 1, 1972.[1]

Judges on the court

The court was originally created with nine judges: one three-judge panel for three districts. The court was later expanded to fifteen judges (five districts, each with one three judge panel).[5]

In addition:

  • In 1978, the 4th District was created, consisting of one judge from each of the first three districts.
  • In 1991, a 5th District was added, also with judges from each of the first three districts.[5]

External links


IndianaIndiana Supreme CourtIndiana Court of AppealsIndiana Superior CourtsIndiana Circuit CourtsIndiana Small Claims CourtsSt. Joseph County Probate Court, IndianaIndiana Tax CourtIndiana Municipal CourtsUnited States District Court for the Northern District of IndianaUnited States District Court for the Southern District of IndianaUnited States bankruptcy court, Northern District of IndianaUnited States bankruptcy court, Southern District of IndianaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Seventh CircuitIndiana countiesIndiana judicial newsIndiana judicial electionsJudicial selection in IndianaIndianaTemplate.jpg


JudgeElection Vote
Pyle IIIRudolph Pyle III 


JudgeIncumbencyRetention voteRetention Vote %
BakerJohn Baker (Indiana)   ApprovedAYesYes72%ApprovedA
BarnesMichael Barnes   ApprovedAYesYes73.3%ApprovedA
VaidikNancy Vaidik   ApprovedAYesYes73.7%ApprovedA
MathiasPaul Mathias   ApprovedAYesYes73.8%ApprovedA