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|Current Court Information:|
|United States District Court for the District of Maryland|
|Appointed by:||John Adams|
|Active:||12/10/1799 - 4/5/1806|
|Preceded by:||William Paca|
|Succeeded by:||James Houston|
|Born:||September 13, 1772|
|Deceased:||April 5, 1806|
James Winchester was a federal judge on the United States District Court for the District of Maryland. He was nominated by President John Adams on December 8, 1799 to a seat vacated by William Paca. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 10, 1799, and received commission that same day. He served until his death on April 5, 1806. Winchester was succeeded in this position by James Houston.
- Delegate, Maryland General Assembly
District of Maryland
Winchester was nominated by President John Adams on December 8, 1799 to a seat vacated by William Paca. He was confirmed by the Senate on December 10, 1799, and received commission that same day. He served until his death on April 5, 1806. Winchester was succeeded in this position by James Houston.
In October 2012, political science professors Adam Bonica and Michael Woodruff of Stanford University attempted to determine the partisan ideology of state supreme court justices in their paper, State Supreme Court Ideology and 'New Style' Judicial Campaigns. A score above 0 indicated a more conservative leaning ideology while scores below 0 are more liberal. Winchester received a Campaign finance score (CFscore) of 1.24, indicating a conservative ideological leaning. This is more conservative than the average CF score of 0.33 that justices received in Oklahoma. The study is based on data from campaign contributions by judges themselves, the partisan leaning of contributors to the judges or, in the absence of elections, the ideology of the appointing body (governor or legislature). This study is not a definitive label of a justice, but an academic gauge of various factors.
|Federal judicial offices|
|District of Maryland
|Magistrate judges||William Connelly • Charles Day • Thomas M. DiGirolamo • Susan Gauvey • Beth Gasner • Jillyn Schulze • Timothy J. Sullivan • C. Bruce Anderson • Stephanie A. Gallagher •|
|Former Article III judges||
Alexander Williams • William Paca • James Winchester • James Houston • Theodorick Bland • Elias Glenn • Upton Scott Heath • John Glenn • William Fell Giles • Thomas John Morris • Paul Niemeyer • John Carter Rose • Benson Legg • Andre Davis • Morris Ames Soper • William Caldwell Coleman • William Calvin Chesnut • Joseph Clemens Howard • Harrison Winter • Charles Blair • John Hargrove • Shirley Jones • Frank Kaufman • James Rogers Miller, Jr. • Herbert Murray • Edward Northrop • Norman Ramsey • Roszel Thomsen • Robert Watkins •
|Former Chief judges|
Moore • Winchester
|1801||Basset • Benson • Bourne • Clay • Cranch • Davis • Griffith • Hitchcock • Key • Lowell • Magill • James Markham Marshall • John Marshall • McClung • Paine • Smith • Taylor • Tilghman • Wolcott|