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Joan Gottschall

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Joan Gottschall
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Current Court Information:
United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois
Title:   Senior Judge
Service:
Appointed by:   Bill Clinton
Active:   8/1/1996 - 4/23/2012
Senior:   4/23/2012 - Present
Preceded by:   James Moran
Succeeded by:   Sara Lee Ellis
Past post:   Magistrate Judge
Past term:   1984 - 1996
Personal History
Born:   1947
Hometown:   Oak Ridge, TN
Undergraduate:   Smith College, B.A., 1969
Law School:   Stanford Law School, J.D., 1973

Joan B. Gottschall is an Article III federal judge serving on senior status for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois. She joined the court in 1996 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton. She assumed senior status on April 23, 2012.[1]

Early life and education

Born in Oak Ridge, Tennessee, Gottschall received her bachelor's degree from Smith College in 1969, and her Juris Doctor degree from Stanford University Law School in 1973.[1]

Professinal career

  • Private practice, Chicago, Illinois, 1973-1976; 1978-1982
  • Staff attorney, Federal Defender Program, Chicago, Illinois, 1976-1978
  • Staff attorney, Legal Office, University of Chicago 1982-1984[1]

Judicial career

Northern District of Illinois

Gotschall served as a federal magistrate judge for the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois from 1984 to 1996.[1]

Gotschall was nominated to the United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois by President Bill Clinton on March 29, 1996, to a seat vacated by James Moran. Gottschall was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on July 25, 1996 on a Senate vote and received her commission on August 1, 1996. She assumed senior status on April 23, 2012.[1]

Notable cases

Higher lobbyist registration fees unconstitutional (2010)

     United States District Court for the Northern District of Illinois (The American Civil Liberties Union of Illinois, et al., v. Jesse White, 1:09-cv-07706)

In 2010, Judge Gottschall ordered a temporary injunction against the State of Illinois barring it from enforcing a new law which would mandate an increase in registration fees for lobbyists.

The state raised lobbyist registration fees for most lobbyists from $350 to $1,000, and raised the fee for non-profit groups that employ lobbyists from $150 to $1,000.[2] A class action suit challenging the law was brought on behalf of organizations as well as individuals.

According to the American Civil Liberties Union (ACLU) of Illinois, registering a non-profit organization and their lobbyist would have increased from $1050 in 2009, to $3000 under the new law.[3] The fees were also deemed to be particularly onerous as no other state charges over $365 for non-profit organizations and their lobbyists to register, while the huge majority--42 states--charge $150 or less. The law was also challenged on the basis that two exemptions to the new fee requirements--for religious organizations and news media--were unconstitutional because they discriminated against other sorts of organizations without a sufficient justification.[3]

On March 5, 2010, Judge Gottschall granted a permanent injunction against the state, noting that it simply could not justify the steep increase in fees, and struck down the new law.[4]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
James Moran
Northern District of Illinois
1996–2012
Succeeded by:
Sara Lee Ellis


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