John Harlan II

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This page is about the former Supreme Court justice and Second Circuit judge who served the Supreme Court from 1955-1971. If you are looking for information on his grandfather, the former Supreme Court justice who served from 1877-1911, please see John Harlan I.


John Harlan II
John Marshall Harlan II official.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Judge
Service:
Appointed by:   Dwight Eisenhower
Active:   3/27/1955-9/23/1971
Senior:   9/23/1971-12/29/1971
Preceded by:   Robert Jackson
Succeeded by:   William Rehnquist
Past post:   Second Circuit
Past term:   2/10/1954-3/27/1955
Past position:   Seat #2
Personal History
Born:   May 20, 1899
Hometown:   Chicago, IL
Deceased:   December 29, 1971
Undergraduate:   Princeton, 1920
Law School:   New York Law, 1924
Military service:   U.S. Army, 1943-1945

John Marshall Harlan II (1899-1971) was an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated to the court by President President Eisenhower in 1955. Harlan assumed senior status on September 23, 1971 and his service ended with his death on December 29, 1971. Prior to serving on the high court, Harlan was a judge for the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.[1]

Harlan was one of five justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Eisenhower. He served during The Warren Court and The Burger Court.[2]

Family

Harlan's grandfather, John Harlan I, also served on the Supreme Court. He was nominated by President Hayes and served from 1877 to 1911.[3]

Early life and education

Harlan received his undergraduate degree from Princeton University in 1920 and his LL.B. from New York Law School in 1924.[1]

Military service

Harlan served in the United States Army Air Corps as a Chief of Operations Analysis Section from 1943 to 1945.[1]

Professional career

  • 1951-1953: Chief counsel, New York State Crime Commission
  • 1945-1954: Attorney in private practice, New York City
  • 1943-1945: Chief of Operations Analysis Section, U.S. Army Air Corps
  • 1931-1943: Attorney in private practice, New York City
  • 1928-1930: Special assistant to the state attorney general, New York
  • 1927: Attorney in private practice, New York City
  • 1925-1926: Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of New York
  • 1924-1925: Attorney in private practice, New York City[1]

Federal judicial career

Supreme Court

Harlan was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Dwight D. Eisenhower on January 10, 1955, to a seat vacated by Justice Robert Jackson. He was confirmed by the Senate on March 16, 1955, and received his commission on March 17, 1955. Harlan assumed senior status on September 23, 1971. His service ended with is death on December 29, 1971. He was succeeded to this post by Justice William Rehnquist.[1]

Harlan was the fourth Supreme Court nominee to testify at a confirmation hearing, but all nominees following his 1955 hearing appeared at their own hearings in the Senate Judiciary Committee.[4]

Second Circuit

Harlan was nominated by President Dwight D. Eisenhower to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit on January 13, 1954, to a seat vacated by Augustus Noble Hand. He was confirmed by the Senate on February 9, 1954, and received his commission the next day. Harlan ended his service on March 17, 1955, with his appointment to the Supreme Court.[1] He was succeeded to this post by Joseph Lumbard.

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Augustus Noble Hand
Second Circuit
1954–1955
Seat #2
Succeeded by:
Joseph Lumbard
Preceded by:
Robert Jackson
Supreme Court
1955–1971
Succeeded by:
William Rehnquist