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Misconduct Report: November 2014

John Rutledge

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John Rutledge
John Rutledge.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Judge
Position:   Seat #2
Service:
Appointed by:   George Washington
Active:   9/26/1789-3/5/1791, 7/1/1795-12/28/1795
Chief:   7/1/1795-12/28/1795
Preceded by:   New Seat
Succeeded by:   Thomas Johnson
Personal History
Born:   September 18, 1739
Hometown:   Charleston, SC
Deceased:   June 21, 1800
Law School:   Read law, 1760

John Rutledge was the third Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. He received a recess appointment from President George Washington on July 1, 1795, was renominated on December 10, 1795, and was never confirmed by the Senate. Rutledge's term as Chief Justice ended on December 28, 1795.[1]

He also served as an Associate Justice on the court, from September 26, 1789 to March 5, 1791.[1]

Rutledge was one of ten justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Washington, and one of three Chief Justices. While as Associate Justice, Rutledge served during The Jay Court and The Ellsworth Court.[2]

Early life and education

Rutledge earned his law credentials by read law, an independent study program common prior to the creation of law schools.[1]

Professional career

  • 1791-1795: Chief Justice, South Carolina Court of Common Pleas
  • 1788: Member, South Carolina convention to ratify United States Constitution
  • 1787: Delegate, Federal Constitutional Convention
  • 1784-1790: Judge, Chancery Court of South Carolina
  • 1784-1790: Member, South Carolina House of Representatives
  • 1782-1783: Member, Continental Congress
  • 1782: Member, South Carolina House of Representatives
  • 1779-1782: Governor of South Carolina
  • 1776-1778: President, South Carolina General Assembly
  • 1776: Member, South Carolina Council of Safety
  • 1774-1776: Member, Continental Congress
  • 1765: Member, Stamp Act Congress
  • 1764-1765: Attorney general pro tem, State of South Carolina
  • 1761-1776: Member, South Carolina House of Commons
  • Attorney, private practice[1]

Judicial career

Supreme Court of the United States

Chief Justice

Rutledge was nominated to serve as Chief Justice of the Supreme Court by President George Washington. The nomination was not confirmed by the Senate and he left office on December 12, 1785 after serving for only five months.[1] Rutledge was succeeded to the position of Chief Justice by John Marshall.

Associate Justice

Rutledge was nominated by President George Washington on September 24, 1789. He was confirmed on September 26, 1789, and received commission that same day. He resigned on March 5, 1791.[1] Rutledge was succeeded to this post by Justice Thomas Johnson.

Notable case

Details
Author: John Rutledge

Vote Count: 6-0

Majority Justice: James Wilson, William Cushing, John Blair, James Iredell, William Paterson

Jurisdiction in cases on the high seas (1795)

The case was originally heard by the United States District Court for the District of Pennsylvania. Upon appeal to the Supreme Court, the Court ruled that a district court cannot have jurisdiction against a foreign privateer in a case of libel for damages in the capture of an American vessel as a prize when it is out of United States jurisdiction. In this case, the Supreme Court determined that it would grant a writ of prohibition to district judges who did not have jurisdiction in such cases.[3]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
NA - new seat
Supreme Court
1789–1791
Seat #2
Succeeded by:
Thomas Johnson
South CarolinaSouth Carolina Supreme CourtSouth Carolina Court of AppealsSouth Carolina Circuit CourtsSouth Carolina Masters-in-EquitySouth Carolina Family CourtsSouth Carolina Magistrate CourtsSouth Carolina Municipal CourtsSouth Carolina Probate CourtsUnited States District Court for the District of South CarolinaUnited States bankruptcy court, District of South CarolinaUnited States Court of Appeals for the Fourth CircuitSouth Carolina countiesSouth Carolina judicial newsSouth Carolina judicial electionsJudicial selection in South CarolinaSouthCarolinaTemplate.jpg