List of state intermediate appellate courts

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40 of the 50 states have an intermediate appellate court, and ten (Delaware*,[1] Maine, Montana, Nevada, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Vermont, West Virginia and Wyoming) don't. The District of Columbia does not have an intermediate appellate court.

Some of the states that do have intermediate appellate courts have more than one, such as Alabama, which has one intermediate appellate court for civil matters and another for criminal, and Pennsylvania, with a Superior Court and a Commonwealth Court which are both appellate courts but with different jurisdictions.

Of the states with intermediate appellate courts, some have many divisions with varying degrees of independence from each other.

State intermediate appellate courts

Court Number of judges Established
Alabama Court of Civil Appeals 5 1969
Alabama Court of Criminal Appeals 5 1969
Alaska Court of Appeals 3 1980
Arizona Court of Appeals 22 -
Arkansas Court of Appeals 12 1978
California Courts of Appeal 105 1905
Colorado Court of Appeals 22 1891[2]
Connecticut Appellate Court 10 1982
Florida District Courts of Appeal 58 1957
Georgia Court of Appeals 12 1906
Hawaii Intermediate Court of Appeals 6 -
Idaho Court of Appeals 4 -
Illinois Appellate Court 54 -
Indiana Court of Appeals 15 -
Iowa Court of Appeals 9 -
Kansas Court of Appeals 12 -
Kentucky Court of Appeals 14 -
Louisiana Circuit Courts of Appeal 54 -
Maryland Court of Special Appeals 13 1966
Massachusetts Appeals Court 25 -
Michigan Court of Appeals 28 -
Minnesota Court of Appeals 19 -
Mississippi Court of Appeals 9 -
Missouri Court of Appeals 31 -
Nebraska Court of Appeals 6 -
New Jersey Superior Court, Appellate Division 35 -
New Mexico Court of Appeals 10 -
New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division 60 -
North Carolina Court of Appeals 15 -
North Dakota Court of Appeals 3 1987
Ohio District Courts of Appeal 68 -
Oklahoma Court of Civil Appeals 12 -
Oregon Court of Appeals 10 -
Pennsylvania Superior Court 15 1895
Pennsylvania Commonwealth Court 9 1968
South Carolina Court of Appeals 9 1983
Tennessee Court of Appeals 12 1925
Tennessee Court of Criminal Appeals 12 1967
Texas Court of Appeals 80 -
Utah Court of Appeals 7 1987
Virginia Court of Appeals 11 1985
Washington Court of Appeals 22 -
Wisconsin Court of Appeals 16 1978
Total: 947 -

See also

External links


  1. *The Superior Court of Delaware acts as both a trial and intermediate appellate court.
  2. The Colorado Court of Appeals was established in 1891, and subsequently abolished, re-formed several times thereafter.