Louis Dembitz Brandeis
(1856-1941) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States
. He joined the court in 1916 after an appointment from Woodrow Wilson
. At the time of appointment, he was a private practice attorney in Boston. On February 13, 1939
, he assumed senior status. He served in this capacity until his death on October 5, 1941
Early life and education
- Harvard Law School, LL.B., 1877 
- Private practice, St. Louis, Missouri, 1878-1879
- rivate practice, Boston, Massachusetts, 1879-1916
- Law clerk, Hon. Horace Gray, Supreme Judicial Court of Massachusetts, 1879-1880
- Instructor, Harvard Law School, 1882-1883 
Supreme Court of the United States
He was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on January 28, 1916 to fill the seat vacated by Joseph Rucker Lamar. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 1, 1916, and received commission that same day. On February 13, 1939, he assumed senior status. He served in this capacity until his death on October 5, 1941. He was succeeded to this post by William Douglas.
- "The most important political office is that of private citizen."
- "In the frank expression of conflicting opinions lies the greatest promise of wisdom in governmental action."
- "Those who won our independence believed that the final end of the State was to make men free to develop their faculties... They valued liberty both as an end and as a means. They believed liberty to be the secret of happiness and courage to be the secret of liberty."
- "Ways may someday be developed by which the government, without removing papers from secret drawers, can reproduce them in court, and by which it will be enabled to expose to a jury the most intimate occurrences of the home."
- "We can have democracy in this country, or we can have great wealth concentrated in the hands of a few, but we can’t have both."
- "Experience should teach us to be most on our guard to protect liberty when the Government's purposes are beneficent. Men born to freedom are naturally alert to repel invasion of their liberty by evil-minded rulers. The greatest dangers to liberty lurk in insidious encroachment by men of zeal, well-meaning but without understanding."
- "The government is the potent omnipresent teacher. For good or ill it teaches the whole people by its example. Crime is contagious. If the government becomes a lawbreaker, it breeds contempt for law; it invites every man to become a law unto himself; it invites anarchy. To declare that the end justifies the means -- to declare that the government may commit crimes in order to secure conviction of a private criminal -- would bring terrible retribution."
- "They: The makers of the Constitution: conferred, as against the government, the right to be let alone -- the most comprehensive of rights and the right most valued by civilized men."
- "No danger flowing from speech can be deemed clear and present unless the incidence of the evil apprehended is so imminent that it may befall before there is an opportunity for full discussion. Only an emergency can justify repression."
- Biography from the Law Library - American Law and Legal Information