Missouri Court of Appeals
|Missouri Court of Appeals|
|Method:||Commission-selection, political appointment|
The Missouri Court of Appeals is the intermediate appellate court for the state of Missouri.
The Court of Appeals handles appeals from the circuit courts. In Missouri, the appellate court system is divided into three districts: Eastern, Western and Southern.
The judges of the Court of Appeals are selected under the Missouri Nonpartisan Court Plan, which includes selection by the Missouri Appellate Judicial Commission based on merit, gubernatorial appointment, and retention by the voters at the ballot box. All judges serve 12-year terms.
The Missouri Court of Appeals, Eastern District, is the state's largest appellate court, with offices located in the historic Old Post Office building in downtown St. Louis. The Court is composed of fourteen judges who handle approximately fifty percent of the intermediate appellate caseload in Missouri, covering twenty-five counties and the City of St. Louis. Oral arguments are regularly conducted in St. Louis, Clayton, Hannibal, Cape Girardeau and other locations within the Eastern District.
Based on the number of counties in its jurisdiction (forty-five), the Western District is the state's largest intermediate appellate court, and is located in its own courthouse in downtown Kansas City. The court is composed of 11 judges, and handles almost 40% of the appellate caseload in Missouri. Oral arguments are normally conducted in Kansas City, but are also conducted in Jefferson City, Colombia, St. Joseph, Kirksville, and other western district locations.
The Southern District has offices in Springfield, MO, and maintains a courthouse and chambers in Poplar Bluff. Oral arguments are regularly conducted in both locations. The Court is composed of seven judges and its jurisdiction covers forty-four counties in southern Missouri.
|Chief Judge Lisa White Hardwick||2001-2014|
|Judge Clifford Ahrens||1991-2016|
|Judge Patricia Cohen||2003-2016|
|Judge Robert Dowd||1994-2020|
|Judge Mary Kathryn Hoff||1995-2010|
|Judge Lawrence Mooney||1998-2024|
|Judge Glenn Norton||2002-2016|
|Chief Judge Roy Richter||2006-2020|
|Judge Sherri Sullivan||1999-2024|
|Judge Kurt Odenwald||2007-2020|
|Judge Joseph Ellis||1993-2008|
|Judge Victor Howard||1996-2010|
|Judge Thomas Newton||1999-2024|
|Judge Alok Ahuja||2007-2022|
|Judge James Edward Welsh||2007-2022|
|Judge Gary Lynch||2006-2020|
|Judge Jeffrey Bates||2003-2018|
|Judge Nancy Steffen Rahmeyer||2001-2014|
|Judge Don Burrell||2007-2022|
|Judge Mark Pfeiffer||2009-2022|
|Chief Judge Daniel Scott||2006-2020||Gov. Matt Blunt|
|Judge Karen Mitchell||2009-2022||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Gary Gaertner Jr.||2010-2024||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Gary Witt||2010-2024||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Anthony Rex Gabbert||2013-2014||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Angela T. Quigless||2012-present||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Lisa Van Amburg||2012-present||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Mary Sheffield||12/2012-present||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge William W. Francis, Jr.||2010-2024||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Chief judge Robert M. Clayton, III||2011-2024||Gov. Jay Nixon|
|Judge Cynthia Lynette Martin||2009-2024|
|Judge Philip M. Hess||2014-2016||Gov. Jay Nixon|
The Court of Appeals handles all appeals except those in the Supreme Court's exclusive jurisdiction: challenges to the validity of a United States statute or treaty, the validity of a state constitutional provision or statute, cases requiring construction of revenue laws, the title to state office, and cases where the death penalty is imposed.
Court of Appeals cases may be appealed to the Supreme Court, however, historically less than ten percent of appeals are heard by the Supreme Court. Thus, for the vast majority of appeals, the Court of Appeals decision is final.
In an appeal, a record of what occurred in the circuit court is filed. Each side generally files a brief stating its arguments and the basis for them, such as past court decisions and laws. These briefs are open to the public.
The Court of Appeals may hear oral argument from each side, in which each side answers the judges' questions. Like any appellate court, there are no juries or witnesses; the parties argue their cases before the judges, who then determine whether there were prejudicial mistakes made at the trial below. The public may attend.
The Court considers the briefs, oral arguments, and the transcripts, pleadings and exhibits from the trial in researching, deciding, and writing its opinions. The Court must decide the case based on the Constitution and laws, regardless of the judge's personal preference, politics, and any other outside influence. The Court's opinions are public and appear on this website as they are issued.
| • Red light cameras in Missouri courts||Click for summary→|
|Red-light cameras are a hot topic, and Missouri is no exception to this fact. After two November 2013 decisions on red-light cameras, the Missouri Court of Appeals made another ruling in mid-December concerning the issue.
Later that month, the Western District reversed a decision by a Jackson County judge. In that case, there was a lawsuit against Kansas City and American Traffic Solutions Inc., which operates red-light cameras. The lawsuit, which also addressed the contradiction between state and local law, was dismissed by the judge.
- Judges of the Missouri Eastern Appellate District
- Judges of the Southern District
- The Kansas City Star, "Judges block path to retrial of KC lawyer Buchli for murder," December 20, 2011
- May vary for chief judge
- Missouri Appellate Courts
- Eastern Appellate District: Meet Your Judges
- Eastern District home page
- Western District home page
- NewsTribune.com, "Nixon taps utility regulator for Mo. appeals court," July 18, 2011
- Your Missouri Courts, Eastern District, Meet Your Judges
- Your Missouri Courts, Western District, Meet Your Judges
- Your Missouri Courts, Southern District, Meet Your Judges
- Missouri Court of Appeals
- ‘’The Republic,’’ “Missouri appeals court raises a new set of questions about red-light cameras,” December 17, 2013
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