Judicial selection in New York varies depending on the level of court. Candidates for the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court Appellate Division are chosen by a nominating commission and, from those candidates, the Governor makes the final appointment. For the Court of Appeals, appointees must be confirmed by the state Senate.
Most trial court judges are elected in partisan elections. The exceptions are Family Court judges in New York City and some City Court judges outside of New York City, who are appointed. Elections occur every year and, unlike other states, they do not involve only two parties. Candidates may be cross-filed and endorsed by multiple political parties.
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