New York

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Judgepedia presents the State of New York

The structure of the New York judicial system is laid out in Article IV of the state Constitution. The state court system is made up of the New York Court of Appeals, the New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division, the New York Supreme Court, the New York County Courts, the New York City Courts, the New York Town and Village Courts, the New York Family Courts, the New York Surrogates' Courts and various Courts of limited jurisdiction.


The federal court system is made up of eight Federal courts. Appeals go to the 2nd Circuit Court of Appeals.


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Elections

Portal:Judicial elections

Upcoming elections: New York judicial elections, 2014
Past election results: New York judicial elections, 2013

New York judicial elections

Judicial selection in New York varies depending on the level of court. Candidates for the Court of Appeals and the Supreme Court Appellate Division are chosen by a nominating commission and, from those candidates, the Governor makes the final appointment. For the Court of Appeals, appointees must be confirmed by the state Senate.

Most trial court judges are elected in partisan elections. The exceptions are Family Court judges in New York City and some City Court judges outside of New York City, who are appointed. Elections occur every year and, unlike other states, they do not involve only two parties. Candidates may be cross-filed and endorsed by multiple political parties.

Selection

Judicial selection in New York

New York Court of Appeals New York Supreme Court, Appellate Division New York Supreme Court New York County Courts New York Town and Village Courts
Method

Comm. select., Gov. appt. with Senate confirmation

Term - 13 years

Method

Comm. select., Gov. appt.

Term - 5 years or end of Supreme Court term

Method

Partisan elections

Term - 14 years

Method

Partisan elections

Term - 10 years

Method

Partisan elections

Term - 4 years


Judgepedia:WikiProject Judicial Selection


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