|Current Court Information:|
|United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York|
|Appointed by:||Bill Clinton|
|Preceded by:||Charles Sifton|
|Undergraduate:||Columbia College, 1969|
|Law School:||Columbia Law School, 1974|
Nicholas Garaufis is a federal judge on senior status for the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York. Garaufis joined the court in May 2000 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton. He assumed senior status on October 1, 2014.
Early life and education
Garaufis was a private practice attorney in New York State from 1973 to 1975 before serving as an assistant state attorney General in the New York Attorney General's Office from 1975 to 1978. Garaufis resumed private practice from 1978 to 1986 before serving as Chief Legal Counsel for the Office of the President of the Borough of Queens, New York from 1986 to 1995. Garaufis was Chief Counsel of the Federal Aviation Administration from 1995 to 2000.
Eastern District of New York
On the recommendation of U.S. Senators Daniel Patrick Moynihan and Chuck Schumer, Garaufis was nominated to the United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York by President Bill Clinton on February 28, 2000, to a seat vacated by Charles Sifton. Garaufis was confirmed by the Senate on May 24, 2000, on a Senate voice vote and received his commission on May 25, 2000. Garaufis assumed senior status on October 1, 2014.
FDNY discrimination case (2010-2011)United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (US and The Vulcan Society, Inc v. The City of New York, et al, No. 07-cv-2067 (NGG)(RLM))
On July 22, 2009, Judge Garufis ruled against the City of New York for using selection tests that discriminated against black and Hispanic applicants to the Fire Department.
In another ruling involving the same plaintiffs, the Vulcan Society, the judge issued a ruling on January 13, 2010, that the City of New York engaged in widespread discriminatory hiring practices of its firefighters. Garafuis wrote in his ruling that the discriminatory hiring practices stems back all the way to the 1960's and described it as "a persistent stain on the Fire Department’s record."In November, 2011, Judge Garaufis appointed Mark S. Cohen, a former U.S. Attorney for the Eastern District of New York, to serve as a special bias monitor for the FDNY to ensure fair treatment for minorities in the department. The appointment came after Judge Garaufis ruled that judicial oversight of the FDNY was necessary because of the, in his words, "pattern and practice of discrimination against black firefighter candidates."
NY mental disabilities case (2010)United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (Disability Advocates, Inc v Paterson, et al, No. 03-CV-3209 (NGG))
On September 8, 2009, Judge Garafuis ruled that New York State had to find new housing for 4,000 mentally handicapped citizens. The judge found that the State of New York put these citizens in what he called "poorly-run, seedy homes". The 210-page ruling issued by Garafuis found the state committed numerous violations under The Americans with Disabilities Act of 1990 and gave health officials six weeks to come up with a plan for new housing.
Later, Judge Garafuis ruled on March 2, 2010, that the State of New York must create 1,500 units of housing for the mentally handicapped every year until 2013. Officials overseeing housing for the mentally handicapped in New York State questioned the judge's ruling at a time when the state's resources were stretched thin due to a budget crisis.The New York Post in its March 8, 2010, edition criticized Judge Garaufis over what the newspaper reported was an apparent conflict of interest. This came from the judge's wife serving on the Board of Directors for The Fountain House which advocates for people with mental disabilities in the New York City area. The newspaper also reported that the New York Attorney General's office raised issue over his wife's affiliation when the case was first brought to the court in 2006, but did not ask the judge to recuse from the case.
Bonanno crime family murder and racketeering case (2009)United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York (US v. Basciano, No. 05-CR-060 (NGG))
Judge Garufis presided in the murder and racketeering trial of Vincent Basciano, formerly acting boss of the Bonanno crime family. Basciano was convicted of the murder of a mob associate and attempting to kill federal prosecutor Greg Andres. As a result of the conviction, Basciano was sentenced to life in prison without the possibility of parole.
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York
- United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit
- United States District Court for the Eastern District of New York, "Biography of Nicholas Garaufis" (dead link)
- Judge Nicholas Garaufis' biography at the Federal Judicial Center
- THOMAS, "Nicholas Garaufis USDC, EDNY confirmation: PN865-106," accessed October 1, 2014
- New York Times, "Judge Finds Racial Bias in Fire Dept. Tests," July 23, 2009
- NBC New York, "FDNY's Hiring Practices Were Discriminatory: Judge," January 13, 2010
- New York Post, "Federal judge appoints former prosecutor to ensure fair minority treatment in FDNY," November 9, 2011
- New York Daily News, "Brooklyn Federal Judge orders state to find new housing for thousands of mentally ill adults," September 9, 2009
- New York Daily News, "Brooklyn Federal Court demands 1,500 housing units each year for mentally ill," March 3, 2010
- The New York Post, "Judge Garaufis' conflict," March 8, 2010 (dead link)
- New York Daily News, "Vinny Gorgeous vows to act as own lawyer at death penalty murder trial," July 20, 2009
- The New York Times, "For Mobster, a Life Term, Not His First, Offers Relief," June 1, 2011
|Federal judicial offices|
|Eastern District of New York
Chief Judge: Carol Amon • Joseph Bianco • Brian Cogan • John Gleeson • Dora Irizarry • Kiyo Matsumoto • Roslynn Mauskopf • Sandra Townes • Eric Vitaliano • Joan Azrack • William Kuntz • Margo Brodie • Pamela Ki Mai Chen
Raymond Dearie • Leo Glasser • Denis Hurley • Sterling Johnson • Edward Korman • Thomas Platt • Arthur Spatt • Jack Weinstein • Leonard Wexler • Sandra Feuerstein • Nicholas Garaufis • Nina Gershon • Allyne Ross • Joanna Seybert • Frederic Block •
|Magistrate judges||Steven Gold • Lois Bloom • Marilyn Go • Robert Levy • Arlene Lindsay • Roanne Mann • James Orenstein • Viktor Pohorelsky • Cheryl Pollak • Ramon Reyes, Jr. • A. Kathleen Tomlinson • William Wall • Vera Scanlon • Gary R. Brown •|
|Former Article III judges||
Charles Sifton • David Trager • Frank Altimari • Charles Linnaeus Benedict • Joseph McLaughlin • Reena Raggi • George Pratt • Asa Wentworth Tenney • Edward Beers Thomas • Thomas Chatfield • Van Vechten Veeder • Edwin Louis Garvin • Marcus Beach Campbell • Robert Alexander Inch • Grover Moscowitz • Mortimer Byers • Clarence Galston • Matthew Abruzzo • John Bartels • Frederic Block • Henry Bramwell • Walter Bruchhausen • Mark Costantino • John Dooling • Orrin Judd • Harold Kennedy • Jacob Mishler • Edward Neaher • Eugene Nickerson • Leo Rayfiel • George Rosling • Anthony Travia • Joseph Zavatt •
|Former Chief judges|