The structure of the Ohio judicial system is laid out in Article IV of the state Constitution. The state court system is made up of the Ohio Supreme Court, 12 Ohio District Courts of Appeal, the Ohio Courts of Common Pleas, the Ohio County Courts, the Ohio Municipal Courts and the Ohio Court of Claims.
The federal court system is made up of the Northern District Court of Ohio, the Southern District Court of Ohio, the Northern District of Ohio Bankruptcy Court and the Southern District of Ohio Bankruptcy Court. Appeals from these courts are heard in the United States Court of Appeals for the Sixth Circuit.
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There are 88 counties in Ohio. Each county has a Court of Common Pleas and smaller counties have a County Court in lieu of Municipal Courts.
To see a list of counties in Ohio, please see - Ohio counties
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Latest election results: Ohio judicial elections, 2013
Judges in Ohio are selected in partisan primary elections and then non-partisan general elections. All judicial elections are held in even-numbered years except those for the Municipal Courts, which are held in odd-numbered years.
Midterm vacancies are filled by gubernatorial appointment.
Term - 6 years
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