Check out the latest...
Misconduct Report: November 2014

Paul Crotty

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Paul Crotty
Placeholder image.png
Do you have a photo that could go here? Submit it for this profile by emailing us!
Current Court Information:
United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
Title:   Judge
Position:   Seat #22
Station:   New York, NY
Service:
Appointed by:   George W. Bush
Active:   04/15/2005 - Present
Preceded by:   Harold Baer
Personal History
Born:   1941
Hometown:   Buffalo, NY
Undergraduate:   Notre Dame, B.A., 1962
Law School:   Cornell Law, LL.B., 1967
Military service:   U.S. Navy, Reserves 1962 - 1968

Paul Crotty is a federal judge for the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York. He joined the court in 2005 after being nominated by President George W. Bush. [1]

Early life and education

Born in Buffalo, New York, Crotty graduated from the University of Notre Dame with his bachelor's degree in 1962, and later graduated from Cornell Law School with his LL.B. in 1967.[1]

Professional career

  • 1997-2005: Group president, Verizon Communications, New York and Connecticut region
  • 1994-1997: Corporation counsel, New York City, New York
  • 1988-1993: Attorney in private practice, New York
  • 1984-1988: Office of Financial Services, New York City
  • 1986-1988: Commissioner of Housing Preservation and Development
  • 1984-1986: Commissioner of Finance
  • 1984: Commissioner

Military service

Crotty served in the United States Navy Reserve from 1962 to 1968.[1]

Judicial career

Crotty was nominated to the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York by President George W. Bush on February 14, 2005, to a seat vacated by Harold Baer. Crotty was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on April 11, 2005, on a Senate vote and received commission on April 15, 2005.[2]

Notable cases

Judge strikes down New York's campaign contribution limits as to individual groups (2014)

     United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (New York Progress and Protection PAC v. Walsh, et al, 1:13-cv-06769-PAC)

On April 24, 2014, Judge Crotty found that the State of New York's $150,000 yearly limit on campaign contributions to independent groups -- in particular, political groups known as super PACS -- was unconstitutional under the First Amendment in light of a Second Circuit ruling and the recent U.S. Supreme Court ruling in McCutcheon v. Federal Election Commission.[3][4]


In the fall of 2013, the New York Progress and Protection PAC (NYPPP), a group that supported conservative candidate Joe Llota's failed bid for the New York City mayorship, filed suit seeking an injunction against the state's election laws, specifically requesting that the six-figure cap on campaign contributions be suspended.[3][4] NYPPP did not initially receive its injunction, but when the case was brought to the Second Circuit, the appeals court found that the law which limited financial contributions was likely unconstitutional, and in October 2013, lifted the cap for the duration of the New York City mayoral election.[5]


When the case returned to the federal district court, Judge Crotty bemoaned the Second Circuit and Supreme Court rulings, referring to the decisions as "misguided," but applicable nonetheless, noting, "Our Supreme Court has made clear that only certain contribution limits comport with the First Amendment." Following the "clear guidance" received from both courts above his own, Crotty granted a NYPPP motion for summary judgment, effectively striking down New York's campaign contribution limits as to individual groups.[3][4]


A spokesperson for New York Attorney General Eric Schneiderman expressed his "disappointment" with the decision.[3][4] Notably, Shaun McCutcheon, the plaintiff in the precedential Supreme Court case, pledged to contribute "at least $200,000" to NYPPP during Llota's unsuccessful bid for the New York City mayorship.[3][5]

Bristol-Meyers Plavix case (2009)

     United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (Sanofi-Aventis v. Apotex Inc., No. 02 Civ. 2255 (SHS))

Judge Crotty was the presiding judge in a case involving Bristol-Meyers Squibb in a patent dispute with Canadian drug maker Apotex over the blood thinner Plavix. On August 18, 2009, Judge Crotty approved a preliminary settlement that the drug maker and its former chief executive would pay $125 million in damages to settle litigation against Aptoex. The settlement came after a 2007 case in which Bristol Meyers was fined $1 million by the Federal Trade Commission over making false statements in a failed settlement attempt with Aptoex.[6]

Arkansas lawyer case (2009)

     United States District Court for the Southern District of New York (USA v. Cauley (2009), 1:09-cr-00551-PAC)

Judge Crotty presided in the trial of former Arkansas lawyer Gene Cauley. Cauley was convicted of wire fraud and contempt of court. Cauley, who pleaded guilty, stole $9.3 million from a class-action escrow account. Cauley had this to say about his crimes,
I built several businesses. I went through a cash-flow crisis... Rather than swallow my pride and lay off dozens of people, rather than embarrassing myself, this is what I did.[7][8]
On November 23, 2009, Cauley was sentenced to seven years in federal prison and ordered repay the $9.3 million.[9]

See also

United States District Court for the Southern District of New York

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Harold Baer
Southern District of New York
2005–Current
Succeeded by:
NA


New YorkUnited States District Court for the Eastern District of New YorkUnited States District Court for the Western District of New YorkUnited States District Court for the Northern District of New YorkUnited States District Court for the Southern District of New YorkUnited States bankruptcy court, Eastern District of New YorkUnited States bankruptcy court, Western District of New YorkUnited States bankruptcy court, Northern District of New YorkUnited States bankruptcy court, Southern District of New YorkUnited States Court of Appeals for the Second CircuitNew York Court of AppealsNew York Supreme Court, Appellate DivisionNew York Supreme CourtNew York County CourtsNew York City CourtsNew York Town and Village CourtsNew York Family CourtsNew York Surrogates' CourtsNew York City Civil CourtNew York City Criminal CourtsNew York Court of ClaimsNew York Problem Solving CourtsNew York countiesNew York judicial newsNew York judicial electionsJudicial selection in New YorkNewYorkTemplate.jpg