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Philip Pro

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Philip Pro
Current Court Information:
United States District Court for the District of Nevada
Title:   Senior Judge
Position:   Seat #2T
Appointed by:   Ronald Reagan
Active:   7/23/1987-12/31/2011
Chief:   2002-2007
Senior:   12/31/2011-Present
Preceded by:   Harry Claiborne
Succeeded by:   Richard Franklin Boulware II
Personal History
Born:   1946
Hometown:   Richmond, CA
Undergraduate:   San Francisco State University, 1968
Law School:   Golden Gate University School of Law, 1972
Grad. School:   Duke University School of Law, 2014
Military service:   U.S. Navy, 1964 - 1968 Reserve

Philip Martin Pro is an Article III federal judge for the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. He joined the court in 1987 after being nominated by President Ronald Reagan. He assumed senior status on December 31, 2011.[1]


Pro graduated from Contra Costa Community College with his associate's degree in 1966 and received his bachelor's degree from San Francisco State University in 1968. He received his J.D. from the Golden Gate University School of Law in 1972. In May 2014, Pro earned an LL.M. in Judicial Studies from Duke University School of Law.[1][2]

Military service

Pro served in the US Navy Reserve from 1964 to 1968.[1]

Professional career

  • 1980: Chief Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Nevada
  • 1979-1980: Deputy State Attorney General for Nevada
  • 1978-1979: Attorney, private practice
  • 1975-1978: Assistant U.S. Attorney, U.S. Attorney's Office for the District of Nevada
  • 1973-1975: Deputy public defender for Clark County
  • 1972-1973: Law clerk for Judge William Compton in the Nevada Eighth Judicial District Court[1]

Judicial career

District of Nevada

Article III judge

Pro was nominated to the District of Nevada by President Ronald Reagan on May 5, 1987, to a seat vacated by the impeachment of Judge Harry Claiborne. Pro was confirmed by the Senate on July 22, 1987, and received commission on July 23, 1987. He served as chief judge from 2002-2007. He assumed senior status on December 31, 2011.[1]

Magistrate judge

Pro began his federal judicial career in 1980 and was appointed to a full eight-year term as a federal magistrate judge in the United States District Court for the District of Nevada. Pro served as a magistrate judge for seven years before being elevated in the ranks of the federal judiciary in 1987.[1]

Notable cases

Righthaven fair use case (2011)

     United States District Court for the District of Nevada (Righthaven, LLC, v. Wayne Hoehn, US 2:11-CV-00050-PMP-RJJ)

In Righthaven v. Hoehn, Pro ruled that the republishing of an entire article without permission from the rights holder was acceptable. Wayne Hoehn copied the entirety of an editorial from the Las Vegas Review-Journal onto a website of which he was a user, Righthaven argued that this act reduced the number of viewers the article would have received during the time that it was reprinted. Pro ruled that "Righthaven did not present any evidence that the market for the work was harmed by Hoehn’s noncommercial use for the 40 days it appeared on the website. Accordingly, there is no genuine issue of material fact that Hoehn’s use of the work was fair and summary judgment is appropriate."[3]

See also

External links


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 Judge Pro Biography from the Federal Judicial Center
  2. Information about LL.M. shared via email with Judge Pro on September 14, 2014
  3. Wired "Righthaven Loss: Judge Rules Reposting Entire Article Is Fair Use," June 20, 2011
Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Harry Claiborne
District of Nevada
Seat #2T
Succeeded by:
Richard Franklin Boulware II

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