Rankin County, Mississippi
Rankin County is one of 82 counties in Mississippi. The county is served by several courts. The Rankin County Court is one of nineteen county courts and has exclusive jurisdiction over eminent domain proceedings and juvenile matters in the county. The County Court judge also serves as the Youth Court judge.
The 20th Chancery District has jurisdiction over disputes in matters involving equity; domestic matters including adoptions, custody disputes and divorces; guardianships; sanity hearings; wills; and challenges to constitutionality of state laws.
Rankin County also contains a Justice Court, which handles small claims, misdemeanors, and "any traffic offense that occurs outside a municipality". The 20th Circuit District Court hears "felony criminal prosecutions and civil lawsuits." The city of Pearl also has its own municipal Youth Court.
The United States District Court for the Southern District of Mississippi has jurisdiction in Rankin County. Appeals from the Southern District go to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fifth Circuit.