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|Current Court Information:|
|United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
|Appointed by:||Bill Clinton|
|Active:||10/9/1998 - Present|
|Preceded by:||Kenneth Hall|
|Hometown:||White Sulphur Springs, WV|
|Undergraduate:||West Virginia U. '61|
|Law School:||West Virginia U. Law '68|
Robert Bruce King (b. 1940) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. He joined the court in 1998 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton.
Early life and education
Born in White Sulphur Springs, West Virginia, King graduated from West Virginia University with his bachelor's degree in 1961, and later graduated from West Virginia University College of Law with his Juris Doctor degree in 1968.
King served as law clerk to Judge John Field in the United States District Court for the Southern District of West Virginia from 1968 to 1969. He then entered private practice in West Virginia from 1969 to 1970 before serving in the U.S. Attorney's Office as Assistant U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of West Virginia from 1970 to 1977. King was later nominated by President Jimmy Carter as U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of West Virginia, a position he served in from 1977 to 1981. King then returned to private practice in West Virginia until 1998.
On the recommendation of U.S. Senator Robert Byrd, King was nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit by President Bill Clinton on June 24, 1998, to a seat vacated by Kenneth Hall. King was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on October 8, 1998, on a majority vote and received commission on October 9, 1998.
Occupy Columbia may file suit against state officials (2013)
*Occupy Columbia, et al v. Haley, et al 13-1258
On December 16, 2013, a three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit, composed of Chief Judge William Traxler and Judges Stephanie Thacker and Robert King, found that members of Occupy Columbia who were arrested in November 2011 for supposed violations of state curfew may file suit against various state officials.
In the underlying case, South Carolina Governor Nikki Haley enforced a curfew restriction against members of Occupy Columbia, a group that initiated 24-hour per day protests on the grounds of the State House for one month's time. On November 16, 2011, Governor Haley directed police officers to remove Occupy Columbia members who remained on the grounds after 6:00 p.m. Nineteen protestors were arrested on that day, and 14 of them later filed suit alongside Occupy Columbia, claiming that their First Amendment rights were violated, seeking injunctive relief and damages. The government officials filed a motion to dismiss, which the district trial court granted in part and denied in part, rejecting their claims of qualified immunity.
Judge Thacker, writing for the majority, affirmed the lower court's decision, noting that because the protestors alleged a clear violation of their constitutional rights, a qualified immunity defense would not stand. Thacker further stated:
This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
|“||It is not disputed that South Carolina and its state officials could have restricted the time when the State House grounds are open to the public with a valid time, place, and manner restriction. However, ... at the time of Occupy Columbia’s arrest, no such restrictions existed.||”|
- Biography of Robert Bruce King on the Federal Judicial Center website
- United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, "Judge Robert B. King Bio," accessed March 28, 2014
|Federal judicial offices|
|Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
Chief Judge: William Traxler • Barbara Keenan • Steven Agee • Harvie Wilkinson • Paul Niemeyer • Diana Motz • Robert King • Roger Gregory • Dennis Shedd • Allyson Duncan • Henry Floyd • James Wynn • Albert Diaz • Stephanie Thacker
|Former judges||Hugh Lennox Bond • Karen J. Williams • Blane Michael • Michael Luttig • Emory Sneeden • Samuel Ervin • James Sprouse • Charles Henry Simonton • Nathan Goff • Edmund Waddill • Jeter Connelly Pritchard • Martin Augustine Knapp • John Carter Rose • Charles Albert Woods • Morris Ames Soper • Elliott Northcott • John Johnston Parker • Armistead Dobie • Harrison Winter • James Craven • Donald Russell • Albert Bryan, Sr. • John Butzner • Hiram Widener • Herbert Boreman • John Field • Kenneth Hall • J. Spencer Bell • Clement Haynsworth • Francis Murnaghan • Simon Sobeloff • William Walter Wilkins •|
|Former Chief judges|