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|Current Court Information:|
|United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit|
|Appointed by:||Bill Clinton|
|Active:||7/25/2001 - Present|
|Preceded by:||New Seat|
|Undergraduate:||Virginia State U. '75|
|Law School:||U. of Michigan Law '78|
Roger L. Gregory (b. 1953) is a federal judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit. He joined the court in 2001 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton.
Early life and education
Pathways to the bench
Judge Gregory was featured in the U.S. Courts "Pathways to the Bench" education program.
Gregory received a recess appointment from President Bill Clinton on December 27, 2000, to a new seat created by 104 Stat. 5089, which was approved by Congress. Gregory was re-nominated by President George W. Bush on May 9, 2001. Gregory was confirmed by the U.S. Senate on July 20, 2001, on a super majority 93-1-6 vote, and received commission on July 25, 2001.
Corrupt sheriff not entitled to qualified immunity (2013)
*Durham v. Jones, et al 12-2303
On December 10, 2013, a three-judge panel of the Fourth Circuit, composed of Judges Diana Motz, Roger Gregory, and Senior Judge Andre Davis, found that a Maryland Sheriff Robert Jones, who fired a deputy in retaliation for exercising his First Amendment rights, was not entitled to qualified immunity, and must answer to the $1.1 million jury award established in the federal district trial court.
In the underlying case, James Durham, a deputy sheriff, used physical force and pepper spray in self defense to detain a man attempting to flee from police. Durham was later aggressively interrogated about and pressured to falsify his report by superiors. Durham later did so, but then filed an internal grievance about the incident, only to be demoted. Durham then went to the media to expose the sheriff's office for its unjust behavior. Durham was then fired for "disseminating departmental information," a form of misconduct. He filed suit, and a jury at a federal trial found Jones guilty of retaliation after he fired Durham for exercising a constitutional right, awarding the deputy sheriff $1.1 million in damages.
Jones appealed with claims he should have been granted immunity against the charges, but Judge Davis, writing for the majority, affirmed, stating:
This text is quoted verbatim from the original source. Any inconsistencies are attributed to the original source.
|“||Serious, to say nothing of corrupt, law enforcement misconduct is a substantial concern that must be met with a similarly substantial disruption in the calibration of the controlling balancing test. Given Jones' inability to show at trial how Durham's actions had an adverse impact on the proper functioning of the [Somerset County, Maryland, Sheriff’s Office] in some serious manner, the balance between Durham's rights as a private citizen under the First Amendment and Jones' interest in ensuring an efficient and effective work environment tilts heavily in favor of Durham and his entitlement to enjoy protected speech.||”|
- Biography of Roger L. Gregory on the Federal Judicial Center website
- United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, "Judge Roger L. Gregory Bio," accessed April 3, 2014
|Federal judicial offices|
NA - new seat
|Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals
Chief Judge: William Traxler • Barbara Keenan • Steven Agee • Harvie Wilkinson • Paul Niemeyer • Diana Motz • Robert King • Roger Gregory • Dennis Shedd • Allyson Duncan • Henry Floyd • James Wynn • Albert Diaz • Stephanie Thacker
|Former judges||Hugh Lennox Bond • Karen J. Williams • Blane Michael • Michael Luttig • Emory Sneeden • Samuel Ervin • James Sprouse • Charles Henry Simonton • Nathan Goff • Edmund Waddill • Jeter Connelly Pritchard • Martin Augustine Knapp • John Carter Rose • Charles Albert Woods • Morris Ames Soper • Elliott Northcott • John Johnston Parker • Armistead Dobie • Harrison Winter • James Craven • Donald Russell • Albert Bryan, Sr. • John Butzner • Hiram Widener • Herbert Boreman • John Field • Kenneth Hall • J. Spencer Bell • Clement Haynsworth • Francis Murnaghan • Simon Sobeloff • William Walter Wilkins •|
|Former Chief judges|