South Dakota Supreme Court
|South Dakota Supreme Court|
|Method:||Comm. select., Gov. appt.|
The South Dakota Supreme Court is the highest court in the state of South Dakota. The main job of the court is to listen to appeals from the decisions rendered by lower courts in the state. The court also has authority over some original matters, and it can be called on to advise the state's governor regarding executive powers.
The South Dakota Supreme Court is also responsible for administering the South Dakota Unified Judicial System. This system was created in 1975 through an amendment to the South Dakota Constitution. The court is responsible for developing a budget for the entire state court system and for supervising the work of the state's circuit (trial) courts. The court also makes rules covering practices and procedures of the state's court system, how the courts are administered, the terms of court, bar admissions and attorney discipline questions.
JusticesThe current justices of the court are:
|Justice John Konenkamp||1994 - present||Walter Dale Miller|
|Chief Justice David Gilbertson||1995 - present||Bill Janklow|
|Justice Steven Zinter||2002 - present||Bill Janklow|
|Justice Glen A. Severson||2009-2020||Mike Rounds|
|Justice Lori Wilbur||2011 - 2014||Dennis Daugaard|
The Justices select their own Chief Justice. Chief justices are elected to four-year renewable terms.
The Supreme Court of South Dakota is composed of a Chief Justice and four Associate Justices appointed by the Governor and selected from five different appointment districts. Justices face a nonpolitical retention election three years after appointment and every eight years after that. The Supreme Court of South Dakota serves as the final appellate court in the state, reviewing the decisions of state circuit courts.
To serve on the state's high court, a judge must be:
- A U.S. citizen
- A resident of South Dakota
- A voting resident within the judicial district which he or she will represent.
- Licensed to practice law in South Dakota.
- There is a mandatory retirement age of 70.
Removal of justices
|Fiscal year||Filings||Dispositions||Pending cases|
South Dakota Supreme Court upholds $10 billion oil refinery permit
History of the court
A Territorial Supreme Court that covered the area that is now South Dakota and North Dakota was created in 1861. President Abraham Lincoln appointed its first three justices: Philemon Bliss, Joseph L. Williams, and George P. Willisfon. The court did not meet to dispose of any cases until 1867.
In 1889, the Dakota Territory was split into North Dakota and South Dakota. Its Territorial Supreme Court was dissolved by President Benjamin Harrison. An election was held in South Dakota to select the first state supreme court. Justices Dighton Corson, Alphonso Kellam, and John Bennett were elected and sworn-in October 15, 1889. Since there was yet no capitol building for the new state, the oath-taking ceremony took place on the Hughes County courthouse veranda. The court used the county courthouse until 1891 when they began holding court in the state legislature's senate chambers. The South Dakota Supreme Court did not receive their own chambers until the autumn of 1905.
Between 1861 and 1889, when South Dakota become a state, thirty presidential appointees served as judges of the Territorial Supreme Court. Their decisions, cited as "Dakota Reports", cover six volumes.
- News: Prairie dogs wreak havoc in South Dakota, ranchers seek state compensation, January 31, 2012
- News: Lori Wilbur appointed to South Dakota Supreme Court, August 17, 2011
- News: South Dakota man's death penalty case moves closer to execution, August 15, 2011
- News: Governor Daugaard to interview four finalists for Supreme Court vacancy, July 31, 2011
- News: South Dakota man's death penalty case to be heard by the 8th Circuit Court of Appeals, June 28, 2011
- South Dakota Unified Judicial System Official Site
- STATE OF THE JUDICIARY MESSAGE, JANUARY 2013
- Institute for Legal Reform
- Argus Leader, "Attorney general argues for limits on death penalty appeals," Jan. 22, 2012
- ↑ South Dakota Judicial application
- ↑ ‘’South Dakota Unified Judicial System’’, “Annual Reports”
- ↑ National Center for the State Courts, South Dakota
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 WSBtv.com, "SD Supreme Court upholds refinery permit," January 24, 2013
- ↑ 5.0 5.1 Omaha.com, "South Dakota Supreme Court upholds permit for $10 billion oil refinery," January 25, 2013
- ↑ 6.0 6.1 Sioux City Journal, "SD Supreme Court upholds Hyperion refinery permit," January 24, 2013
- ↑ South Dakota Supreme Court History
|Former||Richard Sabers • Judith Meierhenry • Roger Wollman •|