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Susan Graber

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Susan Graber
Susan P. Graber.jpg
Current Court Information:
United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Title:   Judge
Station:   Portland, OR
Appointed by:   Bill Clinton
Active:   3/19/1998 - Present
Preceded by:   Edward Leavy
Personal History
Born:   1949
Hometown:   Oklahoma City, OK
Undergraduate:   Wellesley College 1969
Law School:   Yale Law School 1972

Susan Graber is a federal judge with the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit with a duty station in Portland, Oregon. She joined the court in 1998 after being nominated by President Bill Clinton.

Early life and education

Born in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma, Graber graduated from Wellesley with her bachelor's degree in 1969 and later from Yale Law with her Juris Doctor degree in 1972.[1]

Professional career

Graber began her legal career as a Special Attorney General in the legal division of the New Mexico Bureau of Revenue from 1972 to 1974. Graber served in private practice as an attorney, first in New Mexico from 1974 to 1975, then in Ohio from 1975 to 1978, and then in Oregon from 1978 to 1988. Graber served as a State Appeals Judge in the Oregon Court of Appeals from 1988 to 1990 and then as Associate Justice in the Oregon Supreme Court from 1990 to 1998.[1]

Judicial career

Graber was nominated to the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit by Bill Clinton on July 30, 1997, to a seat vacated by Edward Leavy as Leavy assumed senior status. Graber was confirmed by the Senate on March 17, 1998 on a Senate vote and received commission on March 19, 1998.[2]

Notable cases

Gay conversion therapy ban is constitutional (2013)

     United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit (Pickup v. Brown, No. 12-17681)

Judge Graber was the opinion writing member of a three judge panel that ruled on the constitutionality of a ban on gay conversion therapy in California. The other two members of the panel were Chief Judge Alex Kozinski and Morgan Christen. The suit, which was brought by David Pickup on behalf of the National Association for Research and Therapy of Homosexuality, was a challenge of a California law that banned gay conversion therapy. They claimed that the law was unconstitutional because it violated the therapist's First Amendment right of free speech. The panel ruled the law was constitutional because therapy and psychology are a state regulated practice, therefore speech, as treatment, is not constitutionally protected.[3]

See also

External links


Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Edward Leavy
Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals
Succeeded by:

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