Thurgood Marshall

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Thurgood Marshall
Thurgood-marshall.jpg
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Former Judge
Service:
Appointed by:   Lyndon Johnson
Active:   8/30/1967 - 10/1/1991
Senior:   10/1/1991 - 1/24/1993
Preceded by:   Tom Clark
Succeeded by:   Clarence Thomas
Past post:   Second Circuit
Past term:   9/14/1962 - 8/23/1965
Past position:   Seat #9
Personal History
Born:   July 2, 1908
Hometown:   Baltimore, MD
Deceased:   January 24, 1993
Undergraduate:   Lincoln U., A.B., 1930
Law School:   Howard U. Law, LL.B., 1933



Thurgood Marshall (1908 - 1993) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. Marshall was nominated by President Lyndon Johnson on June 13, 1967. Marshall assumed senior status on October 1, 1991. His service on the court ended with his death on January 24, 1993. Prior to joining the Supreme Court, Marshall was a judge on the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit.[1] Marshall was the first African American to serve the Supreme Court.[2]

Marshall was one of three justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Johnson, though only two were confirmed. He served during The Warren Court, The Burger Court and The Rehnquist Court.[3]

Education

Marshall received an undergraduate degree from Lincoln University in 1930 and his LL.B. from Howard University School of Law in 933.[1]

Professional career

  • 1965-1967: United States Solicitor General
  • 1940-1961: Director and counsel, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund
  • 1938-1940: Director and counsel, NAACP Legal Defense and Educational Fund
  • 1938-1940: Special counsel, NAACP, Baltimore Regional Office
  • 1936-1938: Special assistant counsel, NAACP, Baltimore Regional Office
  • 1934-1936: Counsel, NAACP, Baltimore Regional Office
  • 1933-1937: Attorney in private practice, Baltimore, Maryland[1]

Federal judicial career

Supreme Court

Marshall was nominated to the Supreme Court by Lyndon B. Johnson on June 13, 1967, to a seat vacated by Justice Tom Clark. He was confirmed by the Senate on August 30, 1967 and received his commission on August 30, 1967. Marshall assumed senior status on October 1, 1991. His service on the court ended with his death on January 24, 1993.[1]

Second Circuit

Marshall received a recess appointment to the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit from John F. Kennedy on October 5, 1961, to a new seat created by 75 Stat. 80. He was officially nominated on January 15, 1962, confirmed by the Senate on September 11, 1962, and received his commission on September 14, 1962. Marshall resigned from the court on August 23, 1965.[1]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
NA - new seat
Second Circuit
1962–1965
Seat #9
Succeeded by:
Wilfred Feinberg
Preceded by:
Tom Clark
Supreme Court
1967–1993
Succeeded by:
Clarence Thomas