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Tom Clark

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Tom Clark
Tom C. Clark.gif
Current Court Information:
Supreme Court of the United States
Title:   Male
Service:
Appointed by:   Harry Truman
Active:   1949-1967
Senior:   1967-1977
Preceded by:   Frank Murphy
Succeeded by:   Thurgood Marshall
Personal History
Born:   September 23, 1899
Hometown:   Texas
Deceased:   June 13, 1977
Undergraduate:   University of Texas, 1921
Law School:   University of Texas School of Law, 1922

Tom C. Clark (1899-1977) was an Associate Justice on the Supreme Court of the United States. He was nominated to the court by President Harry Truman on August 2, 1949. He assumed senior status on June 12, 1967. Clark's service ended due to death on June 13, 1977.[1]

Clark was one of four justices nominated to the Supreme Court by President Truman. He served during The Vinson Court and The Warren Court.[2]

Education

Clark received his undergraduate degree from the University of Texas in 1921 and his LL.B. from the University of Texas School of Law in 1922.[1]

Professional career

  • 1968-1970: Director, Federal Judicial Center
  • 1945-1949: United States Attorney General
  • 1943-1945: Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Criminal Division
  • 1943: Assistant U.S. Attorney General, Antitrust Division
  • 1938-1943: Special assistant to the U.S. attorney general for antitrust
  • 1937-1938: Special assistant to the U.S. attorney general for war risk litigation
  • 1932-1937: Attorney in private practice, Dallas, Texas
  • 1927-1932: Civil district attorney, Dallas, Texas
  • 1922-1927: Attorney in private practice, Dallas, Texas[1]

Federal judicial career

Clark was nominated to the Supreme Court by President Harry Truman on August 2, 1949. Clark was confirmed by the Senate on August 18, 1949, and received his commission on August 19, 1949. He assumed senior status on June 12, 1967. Clark's service ended with his death on June 13, 1977.[1]

Notable cases

Details
Author: Tom C. Clark

Majority Justices: Warren and Brennan

Concurring Justices: Black, Douglas, Stewart

Dissenting Justices: Frankfurter, Harlan, Whittaker

Illegal search and seizure takes precedent over obscene material charge (1961)

When police illegally searched Dollree Mapp's house for a fugitive, they found what was classified as obscene materials. On June 19, 1961, the Supreme Court determined, in a 6-3 decision, that because it was an illegal search and seizure, the Fourth Amendment had been violated. Anything obtained during that search could not count for evidence in court. This decision complicated when the exclusionary rule could be applied and also ignored whether or not "obscene material" was covered by the First Amendment.[3]

See also

External links

References

Federal judicial offices
Preceded by:
Frank Murphy
Supreme Court
1949–1977
Succeeded by:
Thurgood Marshall