United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama is a United States district court
Vacancy warning level
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama's vacancy warning level is currently set at yellow. The court currently has one vacancy and one pending appointment.
There are seven court divisions, each covering the following counties:
The Northern District of Alabama has original jurisdiction over cases filed within its jurisdiction. These cases can include civil and criminal matters that fall under federal law.
|Federal Court Case Load Statistics*|
|Year||Starting case load:||Cases filed:||Total cases:||Cases terminated:||Remaining cases:||Median time(Criminal)**:||Median time(Civil)**:||3 Year Civil cases#:||Vacant posts:##||Trials/Post|
|*All statistics are taken from the Official Federal Courts' Website and reflect the calendar year through September. **Time in months from filing to completion.|
#This statistic includes cases which have been appealed in higher courts. ##This is the total number of months that any all judicial posts had spent vacant that year.
The Northern District of Alabama has seven separate courthouses. Sharon Harris is the official clerk of court. Please consult the chart below for more information:
|Anniston Division||Anniston Courthouse|
204 U.S. Courthouse
1129 Noble Street
Anniston, AL 36201.
|Birmingham Division||Hugo Black Courthouse|
1729 5th Avenue North
Birmingham AL 35203.
|Decatur Division||US Post Office & Courthouse|
400 Wells Street
Decatur AL, 35601.
|Florence Division||John McKinley Federal Building|
210 North Seminary Street, Room 311
Florence AL, 35630.
|Gadsden Division||206 Federal Building|
600 Broad Street
Gadsden AL 35901.
|Huntsville Division||302 Federal Courthouse|
101 Holmes Avenue
Huntsville AL, 35801.
|Tuscaloosa Division||304 Federal Building|
1118 Greensboro Avenue
Tuscaloosa AL, 35401.
The District of Alabama was established by Congress on April 21, 1820 with one post to cover the entire state. On March 10, 1824 Congress divided the district into the Northern District of Alabama and the Southern District of Alabama with one judicial post for each district. Over time 7 additional judicial posts were added for a total of 8 current posts.
The following table highlights the development of judicial posts for the Southern District of Alabama:
|April 21, 1820||3 Stat. 564||1(District of Alabama)|
|March 10, 1824||4 Stat. 9||1|
|February 25, 1907||34 Stat. 931||2|
|June 5, 1936||49 Stat. 1476||1(Reassigned)|
|March 26, 1938||52 Stat. 120||2(Temporary)|
|December 1938||Temporary expired||1|
|December 24, 1942||56 Stat. 1092||2|
|May 19, 1961||75 Stat. 80||3|
|June 2, 1970||84 Stat. 294||4|
|October 20, 1978||92 Stat. 1629||7|
|December 1, 1990||104 Stat. 5089||8(Temporary)|
|c1996||Temporary post expired||7|
|November 2, 2002||116 Stat. 1758||8(Temporary)|
For a searchable list of opinions, please see Opinions of the Northern District of Alabama.
| • Alabama bingo case Judge(s):Charles Smith|
*Department of Texas Veterans of Foreign Wars of the United States v. Dorning Civil Action No. 07-S-2144-NE
|Judge Smith presided in a case over the constitutionality of bingo games in Alabama. Smith ruled that a Texas veteran's group was violating an amendment to the Alabama Constitution over casino style bingo machines. Bingo is considered illegal in Alabama unless a county passes a separate constitutional amendment legalizing it. |
| • Mary Buckelew case Judge(s):Inge Johnson|
*USA v. Buckelew 2:08-cr-00357-IPJ-HGD
|Judge Johnson was the presiding judge in the trial of former Jefferson County Alabama Commissioner Mary Buckelew. Buckelew pleaded guilty to lying to a federal grand jury about accepting gifts from an investment banker while in office. The former commissioner avoided jail time in which she was sentenced to probation and community service.|
For new stories and other related material see Alabama judicial news.
- US District Court Northern Alabama
- Opinions of the Northern District of Alabama
- US Attorney's Office for the Northern District of Alabama
- Judges of the Northern District of Alabama
- ↑ Courthouse Locations, Northern District of Alabama
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 FJC History of the Districts of Alabama
- ↑ "Alabama.com" Federal judge rules against Alabama bingo hall operator, September 29, 2009
- ↑ "al.com" Mary Buckelew to judge: 'I can never restore nor retrieve what I so foolishly gave away', November 13, 2009
Article III judgesSee: Article III federal judge
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama has 7 posts and 1 vacancy. The current Chief Judge is Sharon Blackburn. This is a list of the current judges on the court:
|Chief Judge Sharon Blackburn||1950||Pensacola, FL||H.W. Bush||5/30/1991 - Present||2006 - Present||New Seat|104 Stat. 5089||U. of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, B.A., 1973||Samford U. Law, J.D., 1977|
|Judge Charles Smith||1943||Talladega, AL||Clinton||12/26/1995 - Present||Elbert Haltom||U. of Alabama, B.A., 1966||U. of Alabama Law, J.D., 1971|
|Judge Karon Bowdre||1955||Montgomery, AL||W. Bush||11/8/2001 - Present||Sam Pointer||Samford U., B.A., 1977||Samford U. Law, J.D., 1981|
|Judge Scott Coogler||1959||Nantucket, MA||W. Bush||5/28/2003 - Present||Dean Buttram Jr.||U. of Alabama, B.A., 1981||U. of Alabama Law, J.D., 1984|
|Judge David Proctor||1960||Atlanta, GA||W. Bush||9/22/2003 - Present||New Seat|116 Stat. 1758||Carson-Newman College, B.A., 1983||U. of Tennessee Law, J.D., 1986|
|Judge Virginia Hopkins||1952||Anniston, AL||W. Bush||6/17/2004 - Present||Edwin Nelson||U. of Alabama, B.A., 1974||U. of Virginia Law, J.D., 1977|
|Judge Abdul Kallon||1969||Freetown, Sierra Leone||Obama||1/4/2010 - Present||U. W. Clemon||Dartmouth College, A.B., 1990||U. of Pennsylvania Law, J.D., 1993|
Pending appointmentsThe United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama has 1 appointee pending and 1 vacancy. This is a list of the current pending appointees to the court:
|Madeline Haikala||Williams College, 1986||Tulane University Law School, 1989|
Senior judgesSee: Federal judges on senior status
The United States District Court for the Northern District of Alabama has 5 judges on senior status currently. This is a list of the current senior judges on the court:
|Senior Judge James Hancock||Nixon||4/17/1973 - 5/1/1996||5/1/1996 - Present||University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, B.S., 1953||University of Alabama School of Law, LL.B., 1957|
|Senior Judge Foy Guin||Nixon||4/18/1973 - 2/3/1989||2/3/1989 - Present||University of Alabama School of Law, J.D., 1947|
|Senior Judge Robert Propst||Carter||5/30/1980 - 7/15/1996||7/15/1996 - Present||University of Alabama, Tuscaloosa, B.S., 1953||University of Alabama School of Law, J.D., 1957|
|Senior Judge William Acker||Reagan||8/18/1982 - 5/31/1996||5/31/1996 - Present||Birmingham-Southern College, B.A., 1949||Yale Law, LL.B., 1952|
|Senior Judge Inge Johnson||Clinton||10/9/1998 - 10/24/2012||10/24/2012 - Present||U. of Alabama Law, J.D., 1973|
|Magistrate Judge Michael Putnam|
|Magistrate Judge Robert Armstrong, Jr.|
|Magistrate Judge Harwell Davis||03/19/1998 - Present|
|Chief Magistrate Judge John Ott|
|Magistrate judge Madeline Haikala||10/01/2012-present||Williams College, 1986||Tulane University Law School, 1989|
Former Chief judges
|Seybourn Lynne||1953 - 1973|
|U. W. Clemon||1999-2006|
In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion. See 28 U.S.C. § 45.
These rules for Chief Judges in the federal judiciary have been in effect since October 1, 1982. The office of Chief Judge was created in 1948. Until August 6, 1959, the position was filled in each federal court by the longest-serving judge who had not elected to retire on what has since 1958 been known as senior status or declined to serve as Chief Judge. From then until 1982 it was filled by the senior such judge who had not turned 70.
- U. W. Clemon
- William Crawford
- Charles Tait
- John Gayle
- William Giles Jones
- Richard Busteed
- George Washington Lane
- John Bruce
- Oscar Richard Hundley
- Thomas Goode Jones
- William Irwin Grubb
- Henry De Lamar Clayton
- Charles Brents Kennamer
- David Jackson Davis
- Thomas Murphree
- Clarence Allgood
- Harlan Grooms
- Elbert Haltom
- Seybourn Lynne
- Frank McFadden
- Clarence Mullins
- Edwin Nelson
- Sam Pointer
- Frank Hampton McFadden
- Dean Buttram Jr.
|Magistrate judges||Michael Putnam • Robert Armstrong, Jr. • Harwell Davis • John Ott • Madeline Haikala •|
|Former Article III judges||
U. W. Clemon • William Crawford • Charles Tait • John Gayle • William Giles Jones • Richard Busteed • George Washington Lane • John Bruce • Oscar Richard Hundley • Thomas Goode Jones • William Irwin Grubb • Henry De Lamar Clayton • Charles Brents Kennamer • David Jackson Davis • Thomas Murphree • Clarence Allgood • Harlan Grooms • Elbert Haltom • Seybourn Lynne • Frank McFadden • Clarence Mullins • Edwin Nelson • Sam Pointer • Frank Hampton McFadden • Dean Buttram Jr. •
|Former Chief judges|