United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court

From Judgepedia
Jump to: navigation, search
[edit]

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
Fedbadgesmall.png
Chief:Reggie WaltonJudges:11
Posts:11Vacancies:0
Active judges
CarterCollyerDearieEaganFeldmanHoganMcLaughlinMosmanSaylorZagel
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
1.1 Vacancy warning level
1.2 Jurisdiction
1.2.1 Cases heard
1.2.2 Case load
1.3 Clerk's office
1.4 History
1.4.1 Court history
1.4.2 Judicial posts
1.4.3 Notable decisions
1.4.4 Federal courthouse
1.5 See also
1.6 External links
1.7 References
2 Judges

The United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court (or FISC) was established in 1978 by the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA). It is a federal court.

The purpose of FISC is to oversee requests for surveillance warrants against suspected foreign intelligence agents inside the United States by federal police agencies (primarily the F.B.I.). The FISA and FISC were a response to a report of the Senate Select Committee to Study Governmental Operations with Respect to Intelligence Activities (the “Church Committee”). This committee detailed allegations of executive branch abuses of its authority to conduct domestic electronic surveillance in the interest of national security

Vacancy warning level

The United States Court of International Trade's vacancy warning level is currently set at green. The court currently has no vacancies out of their eleven posts.

Jurisdiction

The Court possesses limited subject matter jurisdiction across the United States.

Cases heard

Warrant applications
Warrant applications under the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act are drafted by attorneys in the General Counsel’s Office at the National Security Agency at the request of an officer of one of the federal intelligence agencies. Each application must contain the Attorney General’s certification that the target of the proposed surveillance is either a "foreign power" or "the agent of a foreign power" and, in the case of a U.S. citizen or resident alien, that the target may be involved in the commission of a crime.

The judges of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court travel to Washington, D.C., to hear these warrant applications on a rotating basis. At least one of the judges is required to be a member of the United States District Court for the District of Columbia.

The act of 1978 also established a Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court of Review, presided over by three district or appeals court judges designated by the Chief Justice, to review, at the government’s request, the decisions of the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court. Because of the almost perfect record of the Department of Justice in obtaining the surveillance warrants and other powers it requested from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court, the review court had no occasion to meet until 2002.

History

Judicial posts

FISA originally authorized the Chief Justice of the United States to designate seven federal district court judges to review applications for warrants related to national security investigations. However, the Patriot Act of 2001 (115 Stat. 272) expanded the time periods for which the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court can authorize surveillance and increased the number of judges serving the court from seven to eleven. The Patriot Act also requires that at least three of the judges of the court be from within twenty miles of the District of Columbia.

Judges serve for staggered, non-renewable terms of no more than seven years, and must be from different judicial circuits.

Federal courthouse

The court meets in Washington, D.C.

See also

External links

References

Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court
Fedbadgesmall.png
Chief:Reggie WaltonJudges:11
Posts:11Vacancies:0
Active judges
CarterCollyerDearieEaganFeldmanHoganMcLaughlinMosmanSaylorZagel
Former Judges
Key:
(Numbers indicate % of seats vacant.)
0%0%-10%
10%-25%25%-40%
More than 40%
Contents
1 Court
1.1 Vacancy warning level
1.2 Jurisdiction
1.2.1 Cases heard
1.2.2 Case load
1.3 Clerk's office
1.4 History
1.4.1 Court history
1.4.2 Judicial posts
1.4.3 Notable decisions
1.4.4 Federal courthouse
1.5 See also
1.6 External links
1.7 References
2 Judges

Active judges

Sitting judges

See: Article III federal judge
The United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court has 11 posts. The current Chief Judge is Reggie Walton. The judges of this court are appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. Currently, every judge was appointed by John Roberts. This is a list of the current judges on the court:
JudgeBornHomeAppointed byActiveBachelorsLaw
Judge James Zagel1941Chicago, ILReagan 5/18/2008 - 5/18/2015U. of Chicago, B.A., 1962Harvard Law School, J.D., 1965
Judge Susan Carter1948Texarkana, ARH.W. Bush 5/18/2009 - 5/18/2016Randolph-Macon Woman`s College, B.A., 1970U. of Arkansas at Fayetteville School of Law, J.D., 1975
Judge Dennis Saylor1955Royal Oak, MIW. Bush 5/19/2011 - 5/18/2018Northwestern U., B.S., 1977Harvard U. Law, J.D., 1981
Judge Raymond Dearie1944Rockville Center, NYReagan 7/2/2012 - 7/1/2012Fairfield University, B.A., 1966St. John's University School of Law, J.D., 1969
Judge Mary McLaughlin1946Philadelphia, PAClinton 5/18/2008 - 5/18/2015Gwynedd-Mercy College, B.A., 1968U. of Pennsylvania Law School, J.D., 1976
Judge Claire Eagan1950Bronx, NYW. Bush 2/13/2013 - 5/18/2019Trinity College, B.A., 1972Fordham Law, J.D., 1976
Judge Martin Feldman1934St. Louis, MOReagan 5/19/2010 - 5/18/2017Tulane U., B.A., 1955Tulane Law, J.D., 1957
Judge Michael Mosman1956Eugene, ORW. Bush 5/4/2013 - 5/03/2020Utah State U., B.S., 1981Brigham Young U., J. Reuben Clark Law School, J.D., 1984
Judge Thomas Hogan1938Washington, D.C.Reagan 5/18/2009 - 5/18/2016Georgetown '60Goergetown Law '66
Judge Rosemary Collyer1945Port Chester, MDW. Bush 3/8/2013 - 3/7/2020Trinity College '68U. Denver College of Law '77
Judge Reggie Walton1949North Charleroi, PAW. Bush 5/19/2007 - 5/18/2014West Virginia State College '71American U. Law '74

Pending nominations

There are no pending nominations for the United States Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court.


Past judges

Former Chief judges

There are no current judges in this category. In order to qualify for the office of Chief Judge in one of the federal courts, a judge must have been in active service on the court for at least one year, be under the age of 65, and have not previously served as Chief Judge. A vacancy in the office of Chief Judge is filled by the judge highest in seniority among the group of qualified judges. The Chief Judge serves for a term of seven years or until age 70, whichever occurs first. The age restrictions are waived if no members of the court would otherwise be qualified for the position. Unlike the Chief Justice of the United States, a Chief Judge returns to active service after the expiration of his or her term and does not create a vacancy on the bench by the fact of his or her promotion.[1][2]



Former judges

There are no judges listed for this court.


Cite error: <ref> tags exist, but no <references/> tag was found